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Here are notes, Web links, and videos from our meetings:




Subject/Title Meeting
& Date
Submitted
by

Using Webcams to Spy on Something
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/webcam-using.pdf

Using Remote Access To Control Anther Computer On Your Local Network
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access.pdf
Remote access is a convenient way for you to use one computer to view a Webcam that is attached to another computer, if both computers are attached to the same router.

Using Remote Access via TightVNC's free "VNC Server" and UltraVNC's "VNC Viewer" To Control Anther Computer On Your Local Network
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-VNC.pdf

Using Remote Access via Microsoft's bundled "Remote Access Protocol" To Control Anther Computer On Your Local Network
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/remote-access-RDP.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a Windows.. computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Win.pdf

Using a Cell Phone as a Webcam for a macOS computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/cell-phone-as-cam-for-Mac.pdf

Using Skype's Auto-Answer Capability to Communicate with your Dog, Cat, or Small Child
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Skype-auto-answer.pdf

Using "Contacam" to Send Video Motion Alerts to your Cell Phone(s) and Email Addresses
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Video-alerts-Contacam.pdf

Using a "Wyze Cam" to Send Video Motion Alerts, Perform Cloud Storage of Video Motion Recordings, and To Do Local 24-hour Video Recordings
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/Wyze-Cam.pdf


Meeting
of
Sterling Heights Computer Club
on
04-06-2021
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle
(KEGS)

on
02-08-2016
and
Virtual Technology Conference 18
of
APCUG
on
11-07-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
11-04-2015


Francis Chao

Using A Cell Phone to Provide a Video Camera for a Computer:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-tether-plus-cam-for-Win.pdf




Using "Skype" As a "NannyCam":
You can set up a computer with a copy of Skype that auto-answers the calls that you make into it as described at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype-auto-answer.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014


Francis Chao


"Power Over Ethernet" (PoE) technology provides for network-attached video Web cams that install with a single Cat 5/5e/6/6a cable that transmits both wired Ethernet data and DC power to the Webcam.
For our advice on installing PoE Webcams,
see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/PoE-cam.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and


USING "MEET NOW"--A NEW FEATURE IN "WINDOWS 10.."

Our explanation of how you can use the "Meet Now" feature that is now bundled into "Windows 10..
is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Meet-Now/Meet-Now.pdf



SOUND CONFIGURATION IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER THAT IS RUNNING "ZOOM"

To get speaker and microphone audio working right in a Windows.. computer that is running "Zoom":
Big Step 100:
Enable/test and disable the wanted and unwanted "Playback" and "Recording" audio devices in "Sound" in the Windows "Control Panel".
Big Step 200:
Start up the Zoom app and adjust the Windows "Volume Mixer" to make sure that the "Zoom Meetings" volume slider is not muted.
Big Step 300:
Start up a test meeting (with just yourself in it) and use the Zoom app's audio test feature.
Step-by-step details are available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/SoundwithZoom.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
02-10-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Francis Chao

RESOLVING SOUND ISSUES IN "WINDOWS.."

"Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 7" computers
have many sound-enabled devices that automatically re-configure themselves as "default"
when you do not want them to do so.
Our explanation of how you can tame this "beast"
is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-sound.pdf

Some computer sound equipment that I recommend
is described at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/computer-sound-equipment.pdf



SOUND CONFIGURATION IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER THAT IS RUNNING "ZOOM"

To get speaker and microphone audio working right in a Windows.. computer that is running "Zoom":
Big Step 100:
Enable/test and disable the wanted and unwanted "Playback" and "Recording" audio devices in "Sound" in the Windows "Control Panel".
Big Step 200:
Start up the Zoom app and adjust the Windows "Volume Mixer" to make sure that the "Zoom Meetings" volume slider is not muted.
Big Step 300:
Start up a test meeting (with just yourself in it) and use the Zoom app's audio test feature.
Step-by-step details are available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/SoundwithZoom.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Madison PC Users Group
on
02-10-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Francis Chao

Using A Cell Phone to Provide a Video Camera for a Computer
and/or To Provide An Internet Connection for a Computer:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-tether-plus-cam-for-Win.pdf



Cell Phones Overview:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-overview.pdf



Using an iPhone:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/iPhone-using.pdf

Using an Android phone:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/AndroidPhone-using.pdf



Cellular Service Analysis:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cellular-analysis.pdf

1. "nPerf" app to get a street-level map to show which cell carrier has 5G/4G/3G/2G service:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5Gvs4G-maps.pdf map.pdf

2. "Cellmapper" app to determine whether your cell phone running is 5G, 4G/LTE, 3G, or 2G
(for an Android cell phone):

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cellphonerunning5Gor4G.pdf

3. "Opensignal" app to determine the location and direction of the cell tower site that a cell phone is connected to:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Opensignal-tower-map.pdf



Cell Phone Screenshots:
Most small cell phones let you take a photo of the entire touch-screen.
This let's you make a permanent record of what you saw on the screen at a certain point in time at a certain location.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-screenshots



Cell Phone Navigation Apps:
Navigation and map apps are a major use for cell phone.
They rely on "Location Services" which use the GPS, cellular transceiver, and Wi-Fi transceiver of a cell phone to pinpoint your location.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-navigation-apps.pdf



Cell Phone to Camera Adapter:
A cell phone to camera adapter is an external add-on device that connects to your cell phone.
The adapter then provides you with a USB port that you can use to connect to a camera, a USB-to-Ethernet adapter, or an SD/SDHC reader.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-to-camera-adapter.pdf



Cell Phone Wallet Apps:
A wallet app lets you make both in-person "Point of Sale" purchases and online purchases.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-wallet-apps.pdf



Print from a Cell Phone:
You can print from a cell phone to a printer that is connected to your local network:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/print-from cell phone.pdf



Tethering A Cell Phone :
If your cell phone has a "data plan", you can use it to provide an Internet connection for a computer, a tablet, or another cell phone, or some routers.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-tethering.pdf

You can tether an Android cell phone to another device so that it provides Internet access for the other device if your Android cell phone has a data plan, a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router, or both a data plan AND a Wi-Fi connection to a Wi-Fi router. You can only tether an "iPhone" cell phone that has a "data plan" to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.
If you "iPhone" does not have a "data plan" and it connects to the Internet by means of Wi-Fi to a wireless router or a "hotspot",
you cannot tether it to provide Internet connectivity for a computer, tablet, or another cell phone.



Burner Phones and Burner Phone Apps:
A "burner phone" is either a cheap, throwaway cell phone or a not-free app that gives you temporary, no-caller-ID phone numbers for your existing cell phone.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/burner-phones.pdf




Vertical Service Codes:
"Vertical service codes" have various functions such as:
--suppress the display of your phone number at the caller ID device or cell phone of the called party
--determine the radio frequencies that your cell phone is transmitting and receiving at.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/vertical-service-codes.pdf



Cell Phone Problems:
When the call center agent of a cell phone carrier configures your new cell phone, they can misconfigure it and turn your shiny new cell phone into a useless brick. Therefore, you need to run a few tests of any cell phone that has been recently configured by a cell phone carrier.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/cell-phone-problems.pdf



5G cellular service is enabling the tethering of Android cell phones to "Dual WAN" routers:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-dual-WAN.pdf

iPhone Battery Fail !! :
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/iphone-batt-fail.pdf



Android Cell Phones versus iPhones:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Android-cell-phones-vs.pdf



"Sideloading" Apps into Cell Phones:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/Sideloading.pdf




EMERGING 5G TECHNOLOGY":

Ron Brown's February 8, 2020 presentation on 5G technology
is available as PDF slides at
https://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/What-will-5G-mean-to-you-Ron-Brown-APCUG-VTC-2-8-20.pdf
and as a YouTube video at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as8bcEnUpgM&feature=youtu.be

Francis Chao's description of 5G technology in the United States
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G.pdf

Francis Chao's description of 5G progress in Arizona
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G-in-Arizona.pdf

5G & 4G will co-exist in the same towers and the same cell phones during the transition:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/5G&4G-coexist.pdf


Cell Phones & Tablets Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
on
02-25-2021
and
General Meeting of the
Central Florida Computer Society
on 12-13-2020
and
Meeting of the
PCBUG-Naples Technology User Group
on 07-16-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG of the Tucson Computer Society on 07-16-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
03-20-2019


Francis Chao

Extending USB 2, USB 3, and USB C with active extension cables:
Active USB extension cables have chipsets at the equipment end and sometimes in the middle of the cable.
These chipsets clean up and regenerate the digital USB signals to prevent errors from occuring.
If you have USB 3 devices such as
USB 3 Webcams
USB 3 flash drives
USB 3 Ethernet adapters
USB 3 over-the-air TV tuners
or cell phones that act like USB Ethernet adapters for tethering,
do not connect them to active USB 2 cables. USB 3 devices will often cause active USB 2 extension cables to overheat.
Instead, connect USB 3 devices to active USB 3 extension cables. See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-extending.pdf



USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures with a standardized total cable length of 5 meters written into the USB 2 standards and a standardized total cable length of 3 meters (9.8 feet) that was originally written into the USB 2 standards.
However, for USB 3 external hard drives, USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, and other USB 3 devices, you will have to determine if a specific USB 3 device works with a specific total length of USB 3 extension cable and a specific USB 3 port on your computer or USB 3 hub.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at
http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices:
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices, or the connecting USB 3 cable or the USB 3 port is imminent. You can determined which of these three items is about to fail by substituting with a "known good" USB 3 port, a "known good" (or shorter) USB 3 cable, or a "known good" USB 3 device.



The Wi-Fi Alliance's certifications process for "Wi-fi 6E" 6 Gigahertz RF band products as they move from development to actual retail shipments.
See
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E-certifications.pdf

Wi-Fi 6E will alleviate RF congestion by providing new channels in the 6 Gigahertz radio band:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6E.pdf

Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus 802.11n versus Gigabit Ethernet:
http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6vs5vs4vsGigEnet.pdf



Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to

http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/en/wlan-wifi-wireless-network-software-tools/wlan-scanner-acrylic-wifi-free/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain so their Web site defaults to Spanish.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program.
However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf



Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem which as as the Itnet "point of entry" . To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf





Computer Pros SIG
Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
12-18-2020
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


George Harding

Linux Distributions: Usage Share Versus distrowatch.com "Interest Level" Rankings
are explained at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/Linux-usage-share.pdf



"MX Linux" has risen to the top in "Interest Level" according to "Distrowatch.com":
"MX Linux" is a "mid-weight" distribution("distro") that runs faster and is much easier to configure and use relative to the other popular "distros" of Linux.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/MX-Linux/MX-Linux-basics.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-18-2021


Francis Chao

"Google accounts" and YouTube "..channels":
To make the most effective use of a YouTube channel,
you need to know the relationships between "Google accounts", Google "Brand accounts", and the two types of YouTube "channels".
See

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Google/Google&YouTube.pdf

East-Central Ohio Technology Users Club
on
01-17-2021
and
Columbus Computer Society
on
01-20-2021


Francis Chao

Our how-to advice on cloning Solid State Drives (SSDs) for desktop "Windows.." computers
can be found at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/SSDs/SSD-cloning.pdf

"M.2 NVMe PCIe" Solid State Drives (SSDs) bring a 3 to 5-fold increase to hard drive reads and writes relative to legacy 2.5-in SATA SSDs at only about a 50 percent increase in price.
Our how-to explanation for these revolutionary SSDs
can be found at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/SSDs/SSDs.pdf



Windows../
Hardware segment of the General Meeting of
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-18-2021
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-06-2018
and
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


"One-man ISP — Jared Mauch didn’t have good broadband—so he built his own fiber ISP"
as described at

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2021/01/jared-mauch-didnt-have-good-broadband-so-he-built-his-own-fiber-isp/

"Windows 7 is still running on at least 100 million PCs"
as described at
:
https://www.theverge.com/2021/1/6/22217052/microsoft-windows-7-109-million-pcs-usage-stats-analytics


Computer Pros Sig Meeting
on
01-15-2021


Harry Elver

During the first week of January 2021, updates from Google's "Play Store" broke the "Link to Windows" app in Samsung cell phones
as described at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cell-phones/PlayStore-breaks-Samsung.pdf



In "Windows 10..", Microsoft has gradually "deprecated" the ability for you to use "netplwiz" or "control userpasswords2" or "regedit" to make "Windows 10." log in automatically. At the present time, the only reliable way to make "Windows 10.." log in in automatically during a power-on bootup or a restart is to use Microsoft's "Autologon" utility
which can be obtained at
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/autologon


Computer Pros Sig Meeting
on
01-15-2021



You can set up your free or "Pro" Zoom account to allow you or any attendee of a Zoom meeting (that you schedule) to take control of the computer of any other attendee who is sharing their screen.
The step-by-step instructions for doing remote control of a computer via Zoom
are described at
:
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/Zoom/Zoom-remote-control.pdf



TUTORIALS FOR INSTALLING AND USING "ZOOM..":

You can virtually attending meetings using "Zoom" apps in Windows.. computers, MacOS computers, Linux computers, Chromebooks, iPhones, iPads, Android phones, and Android tablets.
Hyperlinks to instructions for installing using "Zoom" are available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/Zoom/Zoom-tutorials.pdf



"ZOOM" PROBLEMS AND HOW TO RESOLVE THEM:

Despite initial appearances, "Zoom" is actually easier to use than their competitors.
However, partly due to the complexity of the Windows.. operating system and partly due to increasing security features,
new users of "Zoom" have encountered some problems.
All of the problems have fairly easy solutions
as described at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/Zoom/Zoom-problems.pdf


Via Zoom only:
General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-18-2021


Francis Chao

Using the free "Google Duo" app to communicate between any two devices:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GoogleDuo/GoogleDuo.pdf


Computer Pros SIG of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-18-2019


Francis Chao

CLOUD STORAGE SERVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/cloudstorage.pdf



USING THE "GOOGLE DRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/GoogleDrive.pdf

USING THE "ONEDRIVE" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/OneDrive.pdf

USING THE "DROPBOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Dropbox.pdf

USING THE "BOX" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Box.pdf

USING THE "SYNC.COM" CLOUD STORAGE SERVICE
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/Sync.com.pdf





The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" (that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software) leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive:
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" or a "Universal Windows Platform app" in Windows.., use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

Meetings
of the
PC Community Computer Users Group
at
Hayward
in
California, USA
on
01-08-2021
and
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
09-03-2020
and
Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Four Seasons
Computer and
Technology Club
in
Beaumont,
California
on
05-12-2020
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-21-2020
and
Meeting
of the
Villages Computer Club
at
Lynx Creek
at
Dewey, AZ
on
07-16-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sarasota Technology Users Group
on
07-10-2019
and
General Meeting
of the
Sun City
Shadow Hills
Computer Club

on
03-04-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-08-2016


Francis Chao

LEARNING RESOURCES FOR SENIORS
by Hewie Poplock

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesForSeniorsTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
and
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2020-12-21/LearningResourcesforTucsonComputerSociety.pdf
A "YouTube" video recording of this presentation is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbBxJPcnYl4


General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-21-2019


Francis Chao



Using a "Homesoap" ultraviolet device to disinfect your possibly-contaminated devices and money:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Disinfecting/Homesoap.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019

Francis Chao


Image Backups of Hard Drives in "Windows.." Computers

Our objective advice about image backups and restores for internal hard drives of Windows.. computers
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/image-backup/image-backup.pdf




The Truth About Microsoft's Bundled "System Image Backup"

Microsoft's bundled "System Image Backup" works wonderfully well for "Windows 7.." but it is horrible for Windows 10.." and "..8..".
Drive image backups and restores using third party software also have a high rate of failure
so here are some alternative strategies for dealing with these unfortunate <profanity deleted> annoyances:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/image-backup/System-Image-Backup-deprecated.pdf

You can use the free "Macrium Reflect Free" program to make "hard drive backup images" which can then be used at a future time to do "bare metal restores" of the internal hard hard drive of a Windows.. computer
Our step-by-step instructions
are available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/MacriumReflectFree.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
04-23-2019



Francis Chao

Free Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..", "macOS", "iOS", "iPadOS", "Android", and "..Linux.."
are described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoediting-free-basics.pdf

Adjustments for Improving Digital Photos
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-adjustments.pdf

Photo Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-eval.pdf

Photo Editing Apps for "Windows..": A Capabilities Comparison
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-free-Win10-compare.pdf

Microsoft's "Photos" App
can be used without cost since it is bundled in any "Windows 10.." computer
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Photos-app-in-Win10.pdf

Google's "Google Photos"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GooglePhotos.pdf



FREE "GOOGLE PHOTOS" TRAINING ON SAT. NOV. 7
Sign up to reserve a virtual seat at this online "Zoom" training session now.
Go to
https://apcug2.org/apcugs-free-2020-fall-virtual-technology-conference-vtc38/
OR
if you cannot attend this session on Saturday,
you can view the (future) video of this training session
when I publish it at
http://youtube.com/fchao2
or a few weeks later at when we publish it at
http://youtube.com/apcugvideos




Adobe's "Adobe Photoshop Express"
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopExpress.pdf

"IrfanView"
is a very useful free program as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/Irfanview.pdf

"GIMP"
is a very powerful program that is also free as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/GIMP.pdf



Creating JPG Photo Files versus Creating RAW Photo Files
is described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/photoedit-jpg-vs-raw.pdf



"Adobe Photoshop Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/photoedit/AdobePhotoshopElements.pdf



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
11-05-2020



Francis Chao

The "Macally Silent Mouse" is the quietest wired mouse that we have ever used:
See
https://www.amazon.com/Macally-Windows-Desktop-Computer-Compact/dp/B07HGSKRMG?ref_=ast_sto_dp



Use multiple routers to protect your home or small business network against the security vulnerabilities of "Internet of Things" ("IoT") devices:
For a level of security that is better than a single router, use three routers as follows:

Router 1 = "Border router" connects to the Internet provider.

Router 2 = "IoT router" is used to connect to cloud-connected security cameras, cloud-connected motion detection devices, smart refrigerators, smart TVs, video doorbells, smart thermostats, cloud-based voice-operated assistants, etc.

Router 3 = "Trusted router" is used to connect to your most-secure computers, Network-Attached Storage devices, home servers, etc.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-2plus.pdf



For advice on configuring routers,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-configuring.pdf

Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


CHROMEBOOKS AND "CHROME OS":
A TALE OF TWO "STORES":
See:
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/chrome-critique.pdf



TUTORIALS FOR INSTALLING AND USING "ZOOM..":

You can virtually attending meetings using "Zoom" apps in Windows.. computers, MacOS computers, Linux computers, Chromebooks, iPhones, iPads, Android phones, and Android tablets.
Hyperlinks to instructions for installing using "Zoom" are available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/Zoom/Zoom-tutorials.pdf



"ZOOM" PROBLEMS AND HOW TO RESOLVE THEM:

Despite initial appearances, "Zoom" is actually easier to use than their competitors.
However, partly due to the complexity of the Windows.. operating system and partly due to increasing security features,
new users of "Zoom" have encountered some problems.
All of the problems have fairly easy solutions
as described at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/Zoom/Zoom-problems.pdf

Via Zoom only:
General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-15-2020


Francis Chao

USB-C

USB-C ports started showing up in computers about 4 years ago.
A "USB-C" port is an ovoid rectangle that is about one quarter the size of a USB 3 Type A port. However, it is actually a USB 2 port, a USB 3.1 port, a Thunderbolt 3 port, an HDMI port, an audio port, a Displayport port, a charging-only port or any combination of the previously-listed port types.
The exact capabilities of any specific USB-C port in any specific computer that you buy will be determined by the manufacturer of the computer.
These wonderful new features or horrible complexities (depending on your point of view) are explained at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C.pdf



USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode":
USB-C's "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" allows USB-C ports to accept audio signals from wired headsets that have TRS plugs or a TRRS plug when an "Audio Adapter Accessory Mode" converter is used to connect the TRS/TRRS plug(s) of the analog headset to the host's USB-C port.
This capability is used on some of the less-expensive Android cell phones.
This analog signal mode for USB-C is explained at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB-C-AudioAdapterAccMode.pdf

Thunderbolt 3 devices are not always plug-and-play:
You sometimes have to fire up the "Thunderbolt" app in a computer and click on the problematic "Thunderbolt" device to turn it on.
If you do not know this, you might get the impression that a newly-inserted Thunderbolt 3 device is not working.
For step-by-step instructions on how to jump-start a problematic Thunderbolt 3 device, please see
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/Thunderbolt3fix.pdf

"USB4" devices are about to appear:
USB4 ports and cables will start showing up in computers, cell phones, and tablets at the end of 2020.
USB4 has the following two mandatory speeds for hosts, hubs, and peripheral devices:
20 Gbits/sec
and a fall-back USB 2.0 default of 480 Mbits/sec
For details, see
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB4.pdf


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
08-05-2020 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Francis Chao
BACKGROUND CHECKS USING THE INTERNET
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks.pdf:
The Web of the Internet is now a wonderful way to do background research on people.
However the various Web sites that do these checks are fraught with attempts to trick you into spending more money than you had planned to spend!

Many of the background-checking services on the Web block your access to them by using either aggressive pop-up ads and/or "pay walls",
For some of these Web sites, you can block their pop-up ads and some of their "pay walls" by using the free pop-up and ad blocker in the "Opera" Web browser.
Our step-by-step instructions for installing the "Opera" Web browser and activating it's free pop-up and ad blocker
are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/Opera-install.pdf:

OUR ADVICE ON BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR LANDLORDS AND PROPERTY MANAGERS WHO ARE RENTING OR LEASING REAL ESTATE PROPERTY
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/background-checks/background-checks-landlord.pdf:



General Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee
on
07-2-2020
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




Francis Chao

To locate the locations and approximate circular area coverage of Cox and Comcast Xfinity Wi-Fi "Hot Spots", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/CoxAndComcast-HotSpots.pdf



Future Windows 10/Hardware SIG Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
and
future Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California


George Harding



The problem of using a Windows 7 or 8.1 or 10 computer to send print jobs over a local network to a printer that is connected via USB to a Windows 7 or 8.1 or 10 computer involves both configuration settings in the host Windows.. computer AND configuration settings in the remote Windows.. printer:
Big Step 100:
From inside the "Windows 10" computer that the printer is USB-connected to, turn on "Printer Sharing" for the USB-connected printer.
"Big Step 100" has to be done before "Big Step 200" can be done.
----------------
To do "Big Step 100", see the following detailed instructions at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/PrintShare-BigStep100.pdf
----------------
After you complete "Big Step 100", you need to do "Big Step 200" which is done from inside the remote, network-connected "Windows.." computer that you want to use to send print jobs to the printer: Run "Add a printer" in "Devices and Printers".



Future Windows 10/Hardware SIG Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
and
future Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California


George Harding

Notes taken by George Harding about technology advancements that he saw at "CES 2020"
are available at
http://aztcs.org/reviews/2020-02/CES2020.pdf

General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-17-2020


George Harding


Video Editing Apps: Basic Information for a "Windows.." Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-basics.pdf

Video Editing Apps: A Rigorous Evaluation Process"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/video-edit-eval.pdf

Media Files For Testing Video Editing Apps
are described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/videoedit-media-files.pdf

The actual media files that we used are available as a ZIP file at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/SampleMediaFiles.zip

Microsoft's Bundled "Video Editor" App
can be used without cost in any "Windows 10" computer as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/Video-Editor-app-in-Win10.pdf

NCH's "Videopad" app
is a very powerful program that is free for non-commercial home use as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/VideoPad.pdf

"Adobe Premiere Elements 2020"
is a very powerful program that is not free as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/videoedit/AdobePremiereElements.pdf


General Meeting of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-17-2020


Francis Chao


Microsoft's "Extended Support" for "Windows 7" ended on January 14, 2020.

The various strategies for dealing with the end of "Extended Support" for "Windows 7"
are explained in detail at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win7/Windows7.EOL.pdf

"Belarc Advisor" is a desktop app that is free for "personal use" in a "Windows.." computer.
It can be downloaded at https://www.belarc.com/products_belarc_advisor
The "Belarc Advisor" will display the 25-character "product key" that is stored in the registry of a "Windows 7" computer.

Three additional ways to get the product key that is stored in the registry of a "Windows 7" computer
are described at
https://www.ampercent.com/find-your-windows-product-key/15030/

For your convenience, you can get a copy of the "Visual Basic" script that is described at the above hyperlink
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win7/key.vbs
or it is probably easier for you to get the key.vbs file
from inside the key.zip file
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win7/key.zip



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California
on
01-29-2020



Francis Chao

"Windows 10" activation is way different from any previous "Windows.." product !!
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-activation.pdf

If you use a purchased a "Windows 10 product key" to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10", you will still have a "Digital License".
If you use a Windows 7 or 8 or 8.1 product key to activate a newly-installed or upgraded copy of "Windows 10", you get also get a "Digital License".

If you link your Microsoft Account to your Windows account, you get the ability to use the "Activation Troubleshooter" in "Windows 10" to activate after changing out your computer's motherboard.
However, you then have to log into "Windows 10" with your "Microsoft Account".
If you go back to logging into "Windows 10" with a "Local Account", you lose your ability to use the "Windows 10 Activation Troubleshooter" to change your computer's motherboard.



Activation for product versions of "Windows.." prior to "Windows 10.." is much more complex
as explained at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/windows-activation.pdf



The activation process for "Windows 10..", is different for the "Product Key Channel" that a specific copy of "Windows 10.." is sold from.
For the end-user of a "Windows 10.." computer, their are three possible "Product Key Channels":
Retail channel,
OEM_DM channel (= "Original Equipment Manufacturer_Direct to Manufacturer")
and
OEM_COA_NSLP channel (="Original Equipment Manufacturer_Certificate of Authenticity_Non-System Locked Pre-installation"= "OEM System Builder")
For details on how each one of these "channels" result in an activated "instance" of "Windows 10",
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-channels.pdf
where we explain that the 25-character "Activation Keys" that are stored in the Registry in "Windows 10.." are of no actual use to the user of a "Windows 10.." computer.
For organizations that buy lots of copies of "Windows..", there are two volume licensing channels:
"Volume_MAK" channel (= "Multiple Activation Key")
and
"Volume_KMS" channel (="Key Management Services")


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa
California
on
03-20-2019



Francis Chao


https://youtube.com/fchao






WIPING "WINDOWS.." HARD DRIVES TO PREPARE THEM FOR DONATION OR GIFTING
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/wipe-free-space/hard-drive-wiping.pdf:
If you want to give away a computer and/or it's hard drive, and you do not wish to give away the legal copy of "Windows.." that is on the hard drive, do a "full format" on the hard drive.
However, if you want to give away the legal copy of Windows.. that is on a hard drive, then you also need to "wipe free space" on the hard drive to make sure that the recipient of the computer cannot recover any data files are lurking in the "free space" of the hard drive.


Windows 10 / Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-21-2019




Francis Chao

An detailed overview of
FREE SOFTWARE FOR A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/software-free.pdf




An detailed description of the
FOUR TYPES OF APPS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf:



General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
11-12-2019




Francis Chao

Maintaining and Repairing Hard Drives for "Windows.." Computers:

When confronted with hard drive problems, you should perform low-risk, less invasive procedures first, followed by increasingly aggressive, higher risk procedures. As you perform these increasingly invasive procedures, you will either repair the hard drive and return it to service or at some point youj will decide that it is beyond economical repair:

Soft Repairs for Hard Drives in Windows.. Computers

Always Click on "Cancel" when an "Initialize Disk" box pops up
(unless you have just attached an unformatted hard drive or USB flash drive device to your computer)


Maintenance and Repair Strategy

"Error-checking" in "Windows.." to Resolve Bad Clusters

"Soft Repairs" with Utilities in Linux

Data Recovery with Utilities in Linux




Recovering Data Files From Failed Hard Drives:

If the above procedures fail to restore the hard drive and the hard drive has data that you or the end-user deem worth spending one to five thousand dollars to recover, you can obtain professional data recovery assistance which is the most expensive option for recovering data files from a failed hard drives. This data recovery option involves the shipping of the hard drive to a clean room operation where they open it up, read each platter in specialized equipment. Then they use their proprietary computers to reconstruct the data files on the hard drive. Then they ship the recovered data back to you on external hard drives or DVD-R discs. See:

Surviving a home data disaster: How Shirley got her files back
and
Driversavers, a cleanroom service for recovering data from failed hard drives
Our member Harry Elver can can provide you with the "Drivesavers" services at a discount!
See also http://www.repairtucsoncomputer.com/data-recovery-tucson/data-recovery-tucson.html
and
http://www.datarecovery.net/
and
Arizona Data Recovery

Differing Capabilities of Different Distros of Linux

Repairing a Corrupted Recycle Bin in "Windows.."




Radical "Surgery" to Extend the Life of Failed Hard Drives:

If you are unable to recover the data files from a failed hard drive and it's platters are still spinning, you can usually use "Disk Management" in "Windows" to create partitions to "block out" the bad sections of the hard drive, in order to extend the userful life of the hard drive. See
Perform Radical Surgery on a Hard Drive in Order to Extend Its Useful Service Life



Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-04-2019

Francis Chao

10: STREAMING MEDIA: BASICS, CAPTURE, AND SCREEN RECORDING
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/10-streaming_basics.pdf

11: LEGAL ISSUES OF MEDIA CAPTURE AND SCREEN RECORDING OF STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/11-streaming-legal_issues.pdf

12: ENDLESS STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/12-streaming-endless.pdf

13: SINGLE FILE STREAMING
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/13-streaming_single_file.pdf

14: STREAMING SEQUENTIAL CHUNKS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/14-streaming_chunks.pdf

20: MEDIA CAPTURE (AT THE NETWORK STACK)
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/20-media_capture.pdf

21: "TORTURE TEST" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE" SOFTWARE
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/21-media_capture_test.pdf

31: "SCREEN RECORDING" WHEN "MEDIA CAPTURE" IS BLOCKED"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/31-screen_recording.pdf

41: "MEDIA CAPTURE" VERSUS "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/41-media_capture_vs_screen_recording.pdf




101: "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE" PROGRAMS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/101-ReplayCaptureSuite-progs.pdf

102: "APPLIAN DIRECTOR"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/102-ApplianDirector.pdf

103: "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" --OVERVIEW
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/103-ReplayMediaCatcher-overview.pdf

104: USING "STREAM DOWNLOADER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/104-ReplayMediaCatcher-media_capture.pdf

105: USING "DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR LIMITED "SCREEN RECORDING""
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/105-ReplayMediaCatcher-screen_record.pdf

106: "REPLAY VIDEO CAPTURE" FOR FULL-FEATURED "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/106-ReplayVideoCapture.pdf

107: REPLAY MUSIC
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/107-ReplayMusic.pdf

108: REPLAY RADIO
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/108-ReplayRadio.pdf

108A: REPLAY RADIO --STRUGGLES
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/108A-ReplayRadio-struggles.pdf

109: VIDEO PADLOCK
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/109-VideoPadlock.pdf

110: REPLAY CONVERTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/110-ReplayConverter.pdf

111: REPLAY MEDIA SPLITTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/111-ReplayMediaSplitter.pdf

112: REPLAY TELECORDER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/112-ReplayTelecorder.pdf




60: FREE ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS INSTEAD OF THE "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/60-Free_alt_software-instead-of-Replay.pdf

72: FREE "MEDIA CAPTURE" WITH THE "aTube Catcher" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/72-free-media-capture-aTube.pdf

81: FREE "SCREEN RECORDING" WITH THE "iSpring Free Cam" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/81-free-screen-record-iSpring.pdf




201: MacOS SCREEN RECORDING AND MEDIA CAPTURE
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/201-MacScreenRecordandMediaCapture.pdf



Meeting
of
Wisconsin All-computer Users Club
of
Milwaukee

on
07-11-2019
and
Meeting
of
CPUser Group
of
Pennsylvania

on
06-11-2019
and
Meeting
of the
Winners
Windows
Users

of
Irvine,
California
on
09-29-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018

Francis Chao

DATA PRESERVATION STRATEGIES:
The stability and persistence of your data files and photo files is threatened by many vectors that arise from both human dishonesty and physical/chemical processes.
You can mitigate these threats by means of various redundancy and diversity processes:

Data Degradation
Lots of Hype From Manufacturers
3-2-1 Mantra Is Inadequate But Helpful
Redundancy and Diversity To The Rescue
Hard Drive Imaging and Cloning by Third-Party Software
"Storage Spaces" Mirroring
A Rigorous Data Preservation Plan for a Small Business
Three Ways to Back Up A Data Hard Drive

For our advice on these topics, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/data-preservaton/data-preservation.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
04-24-2019


Francis Chao

BUG AND WORK-AROUND FOR HAUPPAUGE'S "WINTV 8.5":
Hauppauge's "WinTV 8.5" program is a popular current "Windows.." desktop application for receiving ATSC Over-The-Air television in the United States, Mexico, and Canada.
When a television station changes Radio-Frequency channels, it must be done by all television sets and television software on or after the television station's "Rescan Day".
If you run a "Rescan" from inside "WinTV 8.5" on or after a television station's "Rescan Day", it will fail to find the new RF channel that is associated with the "virtual channel" that your television set or television software displays.
The workaround for this bug is:
Close all windows that are associated with "WinTV 8.5" by clicking on their "x" buttons in their upper-right corners><br />:
For Windows XP, Vista, 7, and 10:
With the WinTV application closed, click on Start -> All Programs -> Hauppauge WinTV -> Advanced Options and select Empty Channel Database.
This will clear your current channel database and bring up the Device Setup Wizard window so you can rescan for channels.
For Windows 8/8.1:
With the WinTV application closed, locate the WinTV Advanced Options icon on your desktop and double click it.
From this window double click the Empty Channel Database icon. This will clear your current channel database and bring up the Device Setup Wizard window so you can rescan for channels.
(Source: https://www.facebook.com/hauppaugecomputerworks/posts/wintv-wednesdaya-very-popular-question-we-get-in-our-tech-support-department-is-/1122008894492821/)

 


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California
on
03-20-2019


Francis Chao


WAYS TO RUN REALLY OLD SOFTWARE PROGRAMS
INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS 10.." OR "WINDOWS 7.." COMPUTER

see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/win10/old-software.pdf



Using "Windows XP Mode" and "Windows Virtual PC" in "Windows 7"

You can re-install the "Windows XP Mode" virtual machine in "Windows Virtual PC" in "Windows 7",
if and when the "Windows XP Mode" virtual machine fails to run for any reason.

The "End User License Agreement" of "Windows XP Mode" permits the owner of a legitimate copy of Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, or Ultimate to download and install a single copy of "Windows XP Mode" without having to activate the single copy of "Windows XP Mode".




USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER"
TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.."
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE FREE "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:


"Big Step 0": Learn about the basics of virtual machine technology,
and select between the following free virtual machine programs:
"VMware Workstation Player 15"
"Oracle VM Virtualbox"
"Windows Virtual PC"
and
"Hyper-V"
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-0-basics.pdf

"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine" by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows.." "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
03-20-2019

Francis Chao

Our successful adventure with the purchase and use of
Low-Cost Copies of "Windows 10.."
is described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/cheap/win10-cheap.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
02-20-2019
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao


Our how-to advice on
Creating Custom "Start Menu" Items in "Windows 10"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-custom-start-menu-items.pdf



Using a Trial Version of "Windows 10" for Free:

There are two ways to try "Windows 10" for free:
Method 1: Run the "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
and
Method 2: Run a copy of "Windows 10" that is not activated.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-trial.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

We have discovered that "Windows Defender", "MalwareBytes Premium", and other popular antivirus software programs are unable to detect "browser notification malware".
At the present time (February 2019), you have to manually remove these sneaky malware instances as described
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/./winhardsig/malware/browser-notification-malware/browser-notification-malware.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
02-20-2019
and
Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao


Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
LOCATING AND DELETING DUPLICATE FILES IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/duplicate-files-delete.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
01-23-2019
and
Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao


Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
MERGING OR MIRRORING HARD DRIVES IN A "WINDOWS 10" OR "WINDOWS 8.1" COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/organize/hard-drives-organize-win10and8.pdf

Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
MERGING OR MIRRORING HARD DRIVES IN A "WINDOWS 7"COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/organize/hard-drives-organize-win7.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
01-23-2019
and
Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao


THE VARIOUS STRATEGIES FOR DEALING WITH THE JANUARY 14, 2020 "END OF LIFE" FOR "WINDOWS 7..
are described at
https://www.firstpost.com/tech/news-analysis/microsoft-will-soon-end-all-support-for-windows-7-heres-what-you-need-to-know-5896231.html

Some useful hands-on advice is available
from Woody Leonhard at
https://www.infoworld.com/article/3153213/microsoft-windows/how-to-hang-on-to-windows-7-for-the-long-run.html



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
01-23-2019
and
Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao


Our detailed step-by-step procedure for
FREEING UP SPACE ON THE C: DRIVE OF A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/free-up-C-drive.pdf




Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao


"ZOOM" VERSUS "SKYPE" VERSUS THE REST (OF THE WEB-BASED CONFERENCING SYSTEMS)
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Zoom/Zoom-vs-etc.pdf




Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-06-2019



Francis Chao
Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

Speeding Up Windows 10"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf

Additional detailed step-by-step advice for speeding up a "Windows 10.." computer is available at
https://www.itpro.co.uk/operating-systems/26138/how-to-speed-up-windows-10
and
https://www.thewindowsclub.com/which-windows-10-services-safe-to-disable
and
https://www.freshtechtips.com/2019/04/disable-unnecessary-services-in-windows.html
and
https://www.askvg.com/beginners-guide-to-configure-windows-10-services/
and
http://www.pcerror-fix.com/windows-10-services-to-disable-for-gaming



"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win8speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows 7"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win7speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/vistaspeedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows XP"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/xp_speedup.pdf

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure
applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/startup_programs.pdf




Here is an old trick from the world of servers
that lets you improve the speed and reliability
of any version of the "Windows.." operating system:
Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/supersize_swapfile.pdf

Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
12-12-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao


USEFUL FREE "WINDOWS.." UTILITIES

There are lots of free and not-free utility software programs that you can use to prevent and resolve problems that might develop with a Windows.. computer.

For our tutorial about the most useful bundled and free third-party utility programs
please see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/utility_programs-win.pdf




Most "Windows.." computers arrive bundled with all sorts of digital "shovelware" that takes up space on your computer's hard drive and registry.

To remove most of this digital junk,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/removing-unwanted-software.pdf

There three types of software programs that can reside inside a Windows.. computer:
desktop apps, "Universal Windows Platform" apps, and portable apps.
For details about this,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf

The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" (that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software) leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive.




To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" in Windows.., use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

When you are upgrading or installing software programs, the software companies often attempt to surrepticiously sneak unwanted additional software programs and non-optimal settings into your "Windows.." computer. You should "just say no" to these "ride along" changes to your computer, as shown
in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/avoiding-unwanted-software.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
10-24-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao


"ZOOM" VERSUS "SKYPE" VERSUS THE REST OF THE WEB CONFERENCING SYSETMS
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Zoom/Zoom-vs-etc.pdf


Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-05-2018



Francis Chao
Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will eventually replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described
at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf




Our how-to advice on
ANALYZING AND REPAIRING MINOR PROBLEMS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/hardware-problems-minor.pdf

Our how-to advice on
ACCESSING THE UEFI CONFIGURATION SCREENS OF A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/UEFIviaWin10.pdf

Our how-to advice on
LAPTOP COOLING WITH EXTERNAL FAN DEVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/laptop-cooling.pdf

Our how-to advice on
USING USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT HUBS TO SUPPLEMENT THE USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT PORTS FOR A LAPTOP
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/USB-laptop-config.pdf




Our how-to advice on
Using External Parts to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Sound Cards to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-sound.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Gigabit Ethernet Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Ethernet.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Wi-Fi Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Wi-Fi.pdf

Using A HDMI-to-VGA Adapter to Connect an Old VGA Monitor to the HDMI Port of a Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-to-VGA.pdf

You can add an HDMI, DVI, or VGA port and a separate stand-alone monitor to a "Windows.." or "MacBook" laptop
as a quick, low-cost workaround for a failed or broken laptop monitor

as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-DVI-VGA-add.pdf




Our how-to advice on
REPLACING A FAILED DVD DRIVE IN A LENOVO THINKPAD
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/DVD-UJ8FBS.pdf

Our how-to advice on
PROCURING AND INSTALLING AN EXTERNAL "USB 3" DVD DRIVE
TO AVOID HAVING TO REPLACE A FAILED INTERNAL DVD DRIVE
FOR A LAPTOP COMPUTER

is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/DVD-USB3-add.pdf




Our how-to advice on
Using "Windows To Go" To Make an External Hard Drive to Non-Destructively Boot Up An Existing Intel or AMD-based Windows or Linux Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/Windows-To-Go.pdf
This capability has been available in Mac OS X and Linux computers for many years but it sort of arrived with the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" and continued to be sort of available in the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, USA
on
11-28-2018
and
04-29-2017
and
08-27-2016
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on 12-05-2018


Francis Chao
Intel Versus AMD CPU Wars
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cpus/CPU-wars.pdf



Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will soon replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



Francis Chao

USING "HYPER-V"
TO RUN "UBUNTU LINUX"
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE BUNDLED "HYPER-V" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS 10 PRO 64-BIT" COMPUTER:


00-Install and Run Virtual Machines Inside A Real Physical "Windows.." computer
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/0-virtual-machines-Win.pdf

01-Three Ways to Run "Ubuntu Linux" Inside A Real Physical "Windows 10.." computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/1-Ubuntu-3ways-Win10.pdf

02-Installing "Ubuntu Linux" into "Hyper-V" in a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/2-Ubuntu-install-Win10.pdf

03-Using "Ubuntu Linux" inside "Hyper-V" inside a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/3-Ubuntu-use-Win10.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



Francis Chao
USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER"
TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.."
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE FREE "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:


The presentation slides for the October 13, 2015 version of this presentation
are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/VMware-win10-2015-10-13.pdf



"Big Step 0": Learn about the basics of virtual machine technology, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-0-basics.pdf

"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine" by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows 10.." "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
"Virtual
Technology
Conference 14"
of
APCUG
on
02-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
02-10-2015



Francis Chao

The better "USB 3.x" hard drive enclosures that have cooling fans and more reliable printed circuit boards are:
Model "5G" that is made by Thermaltake
and
model "HX" that is made by Vantec.
Unfortunately both models have been discontinued by their respective manufacturers.
The remaining models of "USB 3.X" hard drive enclosure that do have fans are not as reliable, based on our testing.
The models of "USB 3.x" hard drive enclosures that do not have fans make the hard drives that you install into them run hotter and shorten the life spans of your hard drives.
All of the "consumer" models of hard drives that are sold as "external hard drives" also have a poor track record for reliability.
We have discovered that you can build a much more reliable "external hard drive" by buying and the assembling the following parts, which are sold separately.
If you "home brew" your own external hard drives, you will also save money relative to the cost of buying either an external hard drive enclosure or buying an external hard drive. Here are the parts that you need to buy:
An internal SATA hard drive,
a fan assembly that bolts onto the internal SATA hard drive,
and
a SATA-to-USB 3.x adapter. Our how-to instructions for "growing your own" external hard drives or external hard drive enclosures
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/external-hard-drives.pdf

When they break, most external USB hard drives can be repaired or recovered from if you follow the brilliant technical advice
at
https://discussions.apple.com/docs/DOC-6121

When a part inside an external hard drive or an external SSD breaks, you can save money and end up with a more reliable device if you substitute quality third-party parts
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/Parts-for-external.pdf

You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018


The mandatory April 2018 version 1803 update for Windows 10.. slowed down some of our computers by putting them in "Compact OS" state.
For step-by-step instructions to undo this problem,
please see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/compact-utility.pdf




If you purchase or build an external USB or SATA or eSATA hard drive:
you can use the same external USB hard drive in three ways at the same time:
First, you can use free software to make the external hard drive into a bootable clone of your existing internet C: hard drive
and
Secondly, you can use free software to store "backup drive images" on the external hard drive
and
Thirdly, you can use the external USB hard drive to store important data files in their regular format




You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf




Wi-Fi 6 versus Wi-Fi 5 versus Gigabit Ethernet:

http://aztcs/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi6versusWi-Fi5versusGigEnet.pdf

Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas-wifi/descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program. However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem which as as the Itnet "point of entry" . To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf




Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Two ways to get into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

METHOD ONE:
Use the computer manufacturer's proprietary key sequence during the power up of the computer.


METHOD TWO:
Use the buttons inside the "Settings" function inside "Windows 10.." as follows:

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & Security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Advanced startup".
Click on the "Restart now" button.
Click on "Troubleshoot--Reset your PC or see advanced options".
Click on "Advanced options".
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings".
Click on "Restart".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


George Harding

Free Online Training for "Windows.." Computers:

Hundreds of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "Windows" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
To access our categorized folders of training hyperlinks,
please follow the instructions at
http://aztcs.org/training/training.pdf
for access our archive which is actually located at
https://www.box.com/shared/ff0p9m41h0




Free Online Training for Apple "MacOS" Computers:

Dozens of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "MacOS" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
See
http://aztcs.org/apple/apple.htm




Meeting of the
Seniors
Computer
Group
of
San Diego

on
09-15-2018
and
Joint Meeting of the
Potomac Area
Technology
and
Computer
Society

and the
Osher
Lifelong
Learning
Institute
Computer
User Group

on
01-19-2013


Francis Chao

Our lessons-learned advice about
TELEVISION ANTENNA SECRETS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Antenna-secrets.pdf
You can use both antenna gain and amplifier gain to increase the number of television channels that you receive over-the-air.
To prevent a pre-amplifier from causing the stronger television stations from overloading your television set, you can insert an attenuator between the antenna and the pre-amplifier.

Our update on the current models of
HAUPPAUGE OVER-THE-AIR USB TV TUNERS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Hauppauge-tuners.pdf

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception of ATSC television channels
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf

Our lessons-learned advice about
MOHU "SKY.." TELEVISION ANTENNAS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Mohu-secrets.pdf

Mohu "Sky.." antennas are the best indoor television antennas that we have ever tested.
Mohu "Sky.." antennas can be installed either outdoors or indoors.
However, Mohu "Sky.." antennas are not the best antenna for outdoor installations because there are lots of outdoor antennas that are as good or better.
However, when installed indoors, Mohu "Sky.." antennas have performed better than any other antennas that we have tested indoors.
This makes the premium price of the Mohu "Sky.." often worth paying for if you are in the market for an indoor television antenna.
If you are fortunate enough to be located where even a paper clip antenna can pick up all of the television channels that you wish to receive, then the Mohu "Sky.." woud be overkill becaue of it's high retail price point.

For the best possible antenna and antenna amplifier combination that you can install indoors, you should install a Mohu "Sky 60" antenna without it's bundled Mohu "Jolt" amplifier. Then install a Winegard "Boost XT" amplifier for the Mohu "Sky 60" antenna. In other words, if you procure and install a Mohu "Sky.." antenna, you can usually get even more television channels and more stable television channels over-the-air by removing or not installing the bundled "Jolt" amplifier by substituting a Wingard "Boost" or a Wingard "Boost XT" amplifier.
In our testing, we discovered that the Winegard "Boost XT" amplifier received 1 to 3 more television channels relative to the Winegard "Boost" amplifier.
For details about the unbeatable
"MOHU SKY 60"/"BOOST XT" HYBRID ANTENNA/AMPLIFIER CONFIGURATION,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/MohuPlusWinegard.pdf

Our lessons-learned advice about
WINEGARD ANTENNA AMPLIFIERS:
Mohu "Sky.." antennas are the best indoor television antennas that we have ever tested.
However, the "Jolt" conical or "Jolt" trapezoidal amplifiers that they are bundled with are not as good as the models of amplifiers that are provided by the Winegard company. For our details about the superior "Winegard Boost XT" antenna amplifier and the cheaper "Winegard Boost" antenna amplifier,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Winegard-secrets.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016


Francis Chao

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "Windows.." computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-win.pdf

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "MacOS" computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-mac.pdf

Issues and Workarounds for Setting Up Printers:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printers--workarounds.pdf

If you are unable to make changes to a printer in a printer inside "Devices and Printers" in Windows 7, 8.1, or 10, locate and click on the "Change Properties" button for the printer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Change-Properties-button-Win.pdf

If your printer is backed up with a stack of print jobs, here is a procedure for you to clear out the pile of pending print jobs
in a Windows.. computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Print-queue-win.pdf




General Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-Computer Users Club
on
07-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-02-2013


Francis Chao

Improving the Speed, Reliability, and/or Area Coverage of Your Wireless Wi-Fi Connection:

Upgrade from 802.11n to 802.11ac:
802.11ac has Multiple User-Multiple In-Multiple Out and Beam Forming while 802.11n only has Single Users-Multiple In-Multiple Out
so you should replace or add a 802.11ac-capable router or Wi-Fi extender to your home or small business network.

You can replace the old, worn-out Wi-Fi adapter in your desktop or laptop computer to increase 802.11ac data throughput
by following our advice at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-adapters



To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas-wifi/descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browserto go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer, you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program. However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See also
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Measuring Network Speeds To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:

To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf



Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Wireless Video Doorbells
are the fastest growing sub-segment of the nascent "Internet of Things" (IoT) product lines
See
http://bestdoorbellcamera.com/

http://www.doorbellhome.org/skybell-hd-vs-ring-doorbell-pro-vs-august-doorbell-cam/

http://thewirecutter.com/reviews/best-smart-doorbell-camera/

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?id=adw&gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisgULdQPvV9emxj0HjTcx2OErNWh9WLMolmGaiHcmPCRoC8vvw_wcB

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-wireless-doorbells

http://www.toptenreviews.com/home/smart-home/best-video-doorbells/

http://www.doorbellreview.com/

http://www.techlicious.com/guide/best-video-doorbell-cameras/

https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/buy/door-bells/ci/24814/N/3880127365/?gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisawVjLQZ5YLvFYC6qYKm_EkfsGjM7uVo_VfaexTTbTRoCP7Xw_wcB&c3api=0980%2C110370499253

https://www.cnet.com/products/august-doorbell-cam/





Guidelines For Wireless "Internet of Things" (IoT) Devices

Most wireless devices such as video doorbells depend on the speed and radio frequency signal strength of the wireless network that they communicate to so you need to have a later model wireless router that has the following features:

802.11ac Wi-Fi (instead of the old 802.11n Wi-Fi standard),

MIMO (Multiple In-Multiple Out),

and

beam forming.

No wireless video doorbell will work well without a wireless router that has the above three features.


The electricians who install your video doorbell may not consider it to be their responsibility to upgrade your home router to one that has these state-of-the-art features but reallly good, knowledgeable electricains would tell you about the need for these features.





If you house is reasonably well-built and there are well-built walls or a ceiling for your wireless router's signal to penetrate, you might need to install a "wireless extender" to get enough and fast enough of a radio frequency signal to your video doorbell:

There are three kinds of wireless extender installation configurations:

Configuration 1:
Wireless extender repeats the radio signal from the wireless router.

Configuration 2:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a Category 5 or Category 5e or Category 6 cable.

Configuration 3:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a "Multimedia Over Coax Alliance" (MOCA) link riding on top of existing coaxial cabling in the house.





If This Then That (IFTTT) makes "IoT" devices more usesful by putting in helpful logic into IoT Devices. For example, if you have a wireless recording camera that records detected motion, you can make it only record when you are more than 100 feet away from your home: Your wireless recording cameras would communicate with a location app inside your cell phone and your cell phone would constantly report your GPS coordinates to your wireless recording cameras.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Some of our tricks for connecting hard drives to Windows.. and Linux computers are shown
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/tricks/harddrivetricks.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-04-2018


POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL

Presentation Slides

References

General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-19-2018


Ken Sandock

Links to Web sites that correspond to topics that we discussed at the meeting of the Computer Pros SIG on March 18, 2018:

Amazon price tracker:
https://camelcamelcamel.com/

Deals site:
https://slickdeals.net/

The Full Nerd:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJw2-YrAPHYEb0UPqGLhUCmT6tWpzG3q4

Lamp with charging outlet:
https://www.amazon.com/Limelights-LT2024-BLK-Brushed-Charging-Outlet/dp/B075Z5JBJL/ref=pd_yo_rr_bia_t_1?_encoding=UTF8&refRID=0S3NN4B00DA4N8EA97TX&th=1


Computer
Pros
SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-18-2018



Most power supplies in Windows and Linux desktop computers conform to or are close to adhering to Intel's ATX and ATX12 computers.
For our advice on replacing ATX.. power supplies,
see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/ATX/ATX-PS.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and



For basic general instructions on how to use a "Windows.. " computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from any other "Windows.." computer,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/1-basics-share-Win.pdf


For step-by-step instructions on how to use a "Windows XP" computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows 10" computer,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/2-XP-access-Win10-share.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 7" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win7UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 10" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win10UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 8.1" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win8.1UpdateFix.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-27-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-07-2018


Francis Chao

Skype 7.x versus "Skype 8.x" versus "Skype 11":

Skype version 7.x is the original "Desktop app" that many of us have been using since 2005.
Skype version 11.x is the new-fangled "Universal Windows Platform" app that is bundled with all copies of "Windows 10 S".
"Skype 8.x" is a beta that is actually called "Skype for desktop Preview"that Microsoft is beginning to prematurely install by means of "Windows Update".

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype11versus7.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-03-2018


SUSPECTED MALMARE ISSUES?

"Do you want to all walkme.com to use additional storage on your computer?" is not malware.
It is an annoyance that only occurs with Internet Explorer 11.

Something in your computer that keeps trying to send a Web browser to rtb.adservme.com is not malware.
It is a adware which is an annoyance.
Most antivirus/antimalware programs will block the rtb.adservme.com Web site.
It may have been a malicious Web site in the past.
However, our test with a secure virtual machine indicated that it is a non-existent subdomain Web site of the legitimate adservme.com Web site.

"Critical Firefox Update" is malware with an unknown payload(s).
Mozilla's advice for expunging the problem
is located at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no




Testing Malware and Malware Defenses:

Do not use a production computer.

Make a throwaway copy of a virtual machine that has the same operating system as your production computer.

Use this throwaway virtual machine for your testing of the suspected malware

Disconnect the default virtual "Network Address Translation" router from the test virtual machine.

Attach a USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to your real, host computer.

Connect the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to the less secure "DMZ" router in a two or three router network configuration.

Start the test virtual machine.

Connect the test virtual machine to the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter.

Play the devils advocate and launch the malware or the suspected malevolent Web site.

See if the computer gets infected.

If the computer gets infected, see if you can remove the infection with online scanners listed at
"How do I get rid of malware?"
at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no




Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a Two-Router "DMZ" Configuration At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-01-2017
and
04-05-2017


Francis Chao

00-Client Hyper-V: Basics and Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/00-Hyper-V-basics.pdf

01-Client Hyper-V: Installing the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Program
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/01-InstallingHyper-V.pdf

02-Client Hyper-V: Installing "Windows 10" Enterprise Evaluation" into a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/02-InstallingWin10EEintoHV.pdf

03-Client Hyper-V: Using "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" As a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/03-UsingWin10EEinVMinHV.pdf

04-Client Hyper-V: Nesting Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/04-NestingHyper-V.pdf




"Generation 1" virtual machines running inside Hyper-V have a virtual motherboard that has a virtual legacy BIOS chip.
"Generation 2" virtual machines running inside Hyper-V have a virtual motherboard that has a virtual UEFI chip.

For an explanation of the difference between a legacy BIOS chip and and a UEFI chip,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf




Avoiding "Automatically Start" Problems When Using "Hyper-V" to Run Virtual Machines
in "Windows 8.x and 10.."





Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf


To extend the trial duration of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" for a second 90-day time span,:
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/extendingwin10eval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Brookdale Computer
Users Group

on
10-26-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-04-2017

Francis Chao


INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES




USING MICROSOFT SOFTWARE TRIALS FOR FREE:

Microsoft offers you free, time-limited virtual machines of all of their "Windows.." desktop operating systems from "Windows XP" to "Windows 8.1"for you to download at
http://modern.ie




INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES TO SAVE YOURSELF AND/OR YOUR ORGANIZATION MONEY, SPACE, AND TIME




A Comparison of Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For "Windows.." Host Computers:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/comparison-vm-programs.pdf




Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)




Our detailed notes and advice about virtual machines can be found at

https://app.box.com/s/x995kk1rbgv5cxrj3o3v

We have information about the following topics:
"VMware Player", "Oracle VM VirtualBox", "Hyper-V", "Windows Virtual PC", "Microsoft Virtual PC 2007", Virtual Networks Provided by Virtual Machine Programs, Physical to Virtual (p2v), Virtual to Virtual (v2v), Firewire Devices, Printservers, etc.



General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013


Francis Chao


PROTECT YOURSELF FROM IDENTITY THEFT:

Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Protecting_Yourself_Yourself_SecurityVTC_Taylour.pdf

A YouTube video of Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTEw307D2uo

Hewie Poplock's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/ID_Theft_How_to_Avoid_It_HewiePoplock_SecurityVTC.pdf

The United States' Federal government information resource for identity theft is located at https://www.usa.gov/identity-theft




Data Breaches-A Recurring Cybersecurity Problem

Data breaches occur in large and small sizes:
A large data breach means the private data for millions of people are obtained.
A small data breach means that the private data for one or a few or a few hundred people are obtained.

See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_breach



DEALING WITH THE EQUIFAX DATA BREACH OF 2017:

Equifax's analysis Tool to see if you might be affected by their security breaches
is located at
https://trustedidpremier.com/eligibility/eligibility.html

About half of the people in the United States will test positive at the above Web site!!





Security Lapses of Email Providers:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-security-lapses.pdf


Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-suspicious.pdf


To check out suspicious buttons and hyperlinks at Web sites and in email
to see the URL that the button or hyperlink is trying to take you to.
You might have to turn on the bottom status bar
and/or maximize the browser or email Window in order to see the bottom status bar.
Use the "Task Manager" in "Windows.." to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display by either pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc or right-clicking on unused space on the Task Bar and then selecting "Task Manager".

Use the "Force Quit" function in MacOS by pressing
Command + Option + Esc
in MacOS to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017
and
04-05-2017


Francis Chao

Email Basics

Email--Advanced Techniques

"Google Takeout" Website Allows You to Download All of Your Gmail Into a Single Mbox File

Client Email Programs--UWP Apps versus Legacy Programs

Email--Verizon's Acquisitions of AOL and Yahoo!Mail

Security Lapses of Email Providers

Accessing Apple's iCloud Email from an Email Client Program Inside a "Windows.." Computer

Accessing "Yahoo!Mail" from a Email Client Program Inside A "Windows.." Computer

Saving Email Locally On The Hard Drive of Your Computer

"Litmus Email Analytics" Gathers Market Share Usage Statistics For End-user Software, End-user Hardware, and Email Providers

Server Farms of Email Service Providers

Sending an email to a cell phone via SMS or MMS

Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-26-2017
and
Main
Meeting
of the
North
Orange
County
Computer Club

on
08-06-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
08-02-2017


Francis Chao

For our advice on how you can silence your noisy computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-noise/computer-noise.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
05-27-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-07-2017


Francis Chao

Senate Joint Resolution 34

On April 3, 2017, President Trump signed Senate Joint Resolution 34 to repeal some Internet privacy regulations for Internet Service Providers that had previously been proposed by the Federal Communications Commission back on December 2, 2017.

The net result of this new law is to permit Internet Service Providers to monitor and sell information on the activities of their customers.

At the present time, no Internet Service Providers are openly engaging in these activities.

Comcast claims that they will never do so.

The intentions of other Internet Service Providers are not known.




Free VPN Service from "Opera Software"

("VPN" = "Virtual Private Network")

You can get free, unlimited VPN service by using the
"Opera" Web browser.
Their VPN service is provided without requiring you to get an account from either the Opera company or their "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary.
The "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software" is the provider of the VPN service that is bundled into the "Opera developer 41.0" program.
To use this amazing free service,
go to
http://www.opera.com
Then, click on the "Download now" button to download the "OperaSetup.exe" file.
Then double-click on the "OperaSetup.exe" file to start the installation process.
Locate the "Opera" icon on the Windows desktop and double-click on it.
Click on the "Opera" icon in the upper-right corner of the "Opera" window.
Click on "Settings" in the pop-up utlity menu.
Click on "Privacy & security".
Place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable VPN".
Click on the orange "VPN" icon that is located to the left of the URL address box.
Click on the drop down list button that is to the right of "Optimal location".
Select the location of the VPN server that you wish to connect to.
As long as the "VPN" icon stays blue, any Web sites that you visit with the "Opera developer" browser will be secured by the VPN connection between your computer and the VPN server that is provided by "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software".
However, any Internet downloads and uploads that you perform with other Web browser programs, FTP client programs, and command line utilties such as FTP, ping, etc. will not be protected by Opera's free VPN service, since their free VPN service is a bundled part of the "Opera developer" browser.




Advantages and Disadvantages of the "Opera" Web browser:

1. Free, bundled VPN does not require a user log-in = No data gathering for advertisers.

2. Free VPN feature does not protect activities outside of the Opera Web browser such as other Web browsers, FTP access, etc.

3. Can block ads but the bundled ad blocker breaks parts of some Web sites.

For Web sites such as http://gocomics.com, it works wonderfully and makes the Web site easier to use.
For other Web sites such as some of the photo albums at http://cnn.com, the Opera Web browser causes various buttons and features to fail.

4. "Turbo" feature can speed up Web browsing but is not compatible with the free VPN feature.



Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
anda
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016

Francis Chao

The computer industry's "elegant solution" to secure remote access is called
"Virtual Private Network" (VPN).

Almost every medium-to-large sized company, government entity, and not-for-profit institution including educational institutions uses VPNs to provide employees, students, and contractors with remote access to their internal and cloud-based computer resources.

VPNs were originally intended to provide secure remote access into local area network resources such as servers, printers, and mainframes.

This technology has been adapted for private computer users as
"VPN services":

"VPN services" give you an extra measure of security by protecting you from the more common hacks such as "man in the middle" spying, "Evil Twin" wireless access points, and WiFi over-the-air recordings with free tools such as "WireShark".

"VPN services" reduce most of the risk of using public Internet access by encrypting the near end of the Internet connection--where you first connect to a public Internet service.

However, with the exception of the VPN that is part of the "Opera 40" Web browser, all "VPN services" reduce data throughput relative to what a "raw" Internet connection is capable of.

The terms "VPNs" and "VPN Services" are often used interchangeably so you have to figure out from the context in which these terms to determine whether someone means the original VPN (which is a secure remote connection into a Local Area Network" and a "VPN Service" (which is a secure remote connection into the Internet which uses a local area network as an intermediary).




Using Virtual Private Network (VPN) Services
For Secure Public Internet Access And To Block Future Privacy Intrusions by Internet Providers


Using the Free Version of the "Opera" Browser For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "Hotspot Shield" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "TunnelBear" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "VPNReactor" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access

Fixing Internet Connections When Using "VPN Services"




Web Sites For Testing Virtual Private Network Services:

http://whatismyipaddress.com/

http://www.ip2location.com/

http://www.tracemyip.org/

http://showip.net/

http://www.iplocationfinder.com/

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/

https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2




Using VPN Services As Temporary Workarounds For Slow Broadband Internet Access:

Sometimes you can use free VPN services as a temporary workaround for download and upload slowdowns in broadband Internet access: For example, Comcast cable modem Internet in the Tucson area was very slow on Friday August 9, 2013 through Saturday August 10 with download and upload speeds so slow that they are unmeasurable (as measured at http://speedtest.net at their Los Angeles server and http://pcpitstop.com/internet/bw.asp using their Dallas, Texas server).
When we used the free version of "Hotspot Shield", we obtained Internet download speeds above 20 Megabits per second and upload speeds above 1.5 Megabits per second (via our Comcast cable modems).


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
and
10-05-2016
and
06-05-2013
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
09-27-2014

Francis Chao



World Maps that show in real time the light, dark, and twilight zones of the world are available as standalone programs and from various Web sites.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/clocks/geoclocks/geoclock_map.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

A YouTube Video of the February 11, 2017 version of the above presentation
is available at
https://youtu.be/AbNTOcvkBNA





More-advanced techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use can be found
at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier2.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
02-25-2017
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 23
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
02-11-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-01-2015


Francis Chao


USB 3.1 versus USB 2 versus SATA versus eSATA:


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
02-01-2017 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao


Powershell in Windows..




Hard Drive Utilities





Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Restart now". (It is in the "Advanced startup" section.)
Clock on the Troubleshoot" button.
Click on the "Advanced options" button.
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings" button.
Click on the "Restart" button.




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-28-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 1-The Basics"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part1.pdf

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 2-Using Bootable Devices"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part2.pdf




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 22
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
11-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
12-19-2015


Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
Computer Management in "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-management/computer-management.pdf




Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

"Speeding Up Windows XP"

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"

"Speeding Up Windows 7"

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"

Speeding Up Windows 10"

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"




The advantages of "Physical Address Extension" are explained at

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366796(v=vs.85).aspx




Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."




Benchmarking "Windows.." Computers for Free




Remove The Unwanted Blue Highlight from Desktop Icon Text in Windows XP


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao

Seat belt extenders can be used to secure objects in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle.
See
http://actcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/seat-belt-extenders/seat-belt-extenders.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao


Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




The network industry's elegant, rigorous solution to protecting a local area network from internal and external intrusion is to use network appliances and routers in a "DMZ" configureation:

Secure Web Access At Your Home or Business
By Using A "VMware" Virtual Machine
And a Two-Router "De-Militarized Zone" (DMZ)





Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
09-24-2016
on
09-27-2014
and
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

Our how-to document on
Using "Storage Spaces"
For Mirroring of Hard Drives
and
Offline Archival Storage
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/StorageSpaces/StorageSpaces-mirroring-etc.pdf

Using "Storage Spaces For Real-Time Mirroring of Two Hard Drives in "Windows 8.."

Storage Spaces" Successes and Failures

Replacing A Hard Drive In A Two-Way-Mirrored "Storage Space"

Using "Storage Spaces" For Backing Up and Moving Your Data Files

Using "Storage Spaces" With External Hard Drive Enclosures

Fixing "Storage Spaces"


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
05-23-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-17-2013


Francis Chao

USB 3 versus USB 2 versus eSATA

Problems with USB 2 Devices Attached to USB 3 Ports

Testing USB Ports, Cables, and Devices

USB 3 Adapters For Adding USB Ports To An Existing Computer

Struggles With Installing USB 3 Adapters






File Sharing--An Overview

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 1

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 2

File Sharing from "Windows.." to Mac OSX and Linux

My demonstration of homegroups for sharing files
between two "Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit" virtual machines
can be viewed at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wgLn64KJ-Q


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-06-2015
and
General Meeting
of
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
10-25-2011


Francis Chao

Building a Controlled-Temperature Box with Equipment Redundancy
and Uninterruptible AC Power


Off-the-shelf thermostats are good at maintaining building HVAC (heating-ventilation-air conditioning) systems at a controlled ambient temperature of 50 to 90 degrees Farenheit.

Portable cooler/heater devices generally either cool or heat to about 40 degrees below or above the ambient temperature.

Interconnecting the two devices results in a reliable, energy-efficient means of storing medications and cosmetics that are temperature-sensitive.

Our detailed case study on building a controlled-temperature box
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes//winhardsig/temperature_controls/controlled_temperature_box.pdf




future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 3--
"Multimedia over Coax Alliance" (MoCA)
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/extending/extending-part3.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 2--
Wi-Fi Range Extenders
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-vs-WiFi-extender.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 1--The Basics

Presentation slides and "how to" document in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format

.WMA Video
of the on-site presentation
to the "Windows Users Computer User Group"
of Irvine, California on March 22, 2014





Powerline networking has now reached parity with "Gigabit Ethernet" data transmission speeds.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline.pdf

Our experiences with specific models of powerline networking equipment
made by Trendnet, D-Link, and Zycel
are described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-experiences.pdf



For advice on using routers with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" ("WISP") capability,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-WISP.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-30-2016
and
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao


Windows 10 Retail Pricing
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-retail.pdf




"Windows 10" Activation
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-activation.pdf




"Speeding Up Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-12-2016
and
Meeting
of the
California
Southland
Chapter
of the
Association
of
Information
Technology
Professionals

(AITP)
on
10-28-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao

For a general overview of free software and services from the Internet, please see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/free-software-services.pdf



Meeting
of the
Pikes Peak
Computer
Application
Society

on
07-02-2016
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Free Software-Based Virtual Timers and Alarm Clocks For "Windows..":

PC Chrono is the best virtual clock, timer, and stopwatch that we have tested. It does not have an alarm clock function. "PC Chrono" only runs when your computer is powered on.

Free Alarm Clock 4 is the best virtual alarm clock that we have tested. It does not have timer or stopwatch functions:
"Free Alarm Clock 3.1" can trigger an alarm even if your computer is in a sleep state. After you aknowledge the alarm with a mouse click, it then puts your computer back to its original sleep state.
"Free Alarm Clock 4.1" is unable to wake up a computer from the "Hibernate" state: If you want it to wake up your computer from a "sleep" state, set your active "Power Profile" to prevent "sleep" from being converted to "hibernate".


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on 04-12-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Sample data files for testing office suite software:

samples-TCS.zip contains sample .doc, .docx, .xls, .XLSx, .ppt, and .pptx files

samples-Final.zip from OpenXMLDeveloper.org

sample_doc.file.doc

passworded_sample_doc.file.doc
(The password for opening this file is "password". This file was created with "Microsoft Word 2002 SP3").

sample Powerpoint ppt file

sample Powerpoint PPSX slide show file


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011

Paul Scott

Free Antivirus Programs:

The best free antivirus programs for "Windows.." computers are
"FortiClient" and "Avast! Free Antivirus"

The best free antivirus programs for Mac "OS X" computers are
"Avast! Free Antivirus" and "Sophos"

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/antivirus-compare.pdf
for more details and advice about free antivirus programs.

For advice specific to the free "FortiClient Endpoint Protection" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/FortiClient.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avast! Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avast.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avira Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avira.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Comodo Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Comodo.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
10-27-2014

Francis Chao

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception
of
ATSC television
(="Cord Cutting")

is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf




iView's "Digital Converter Box" (model 3200STB)
is an ATSC tuner that sells for approximately $30.
To use it as a television set, you have to attach it to the following additional equipment:
An over-the-air VHF/UHF antenna,
a computer monitor that has a HDMI jack,
and a pair of computer speakers.

For details, see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/iView_tuner.pdf




Signal Sources for Your Real or Virtual Television Set:-

ATSC reception over-the-air,
clear QAM from a cable TV provider,
and/or
encrypted QAM from a cable TV provider





TV Inside your "Windows.." or "OS X" MAC Computer

TV Inside Your "Ubuntu" or "Linux Mint" Linux Computer



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-02-2013

Francis Chao

Macs Versus "Windows.." Computers:

For an explanation of how Mac "OS X" computers differ from "Windows.." computers, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/OSXvsWindows.pdf:

Basic Differences Between Macs and PCs
Models of Macs
Pricing of Macs
User Interface of Macs
Two Ways To Run "Windows.." Inside Macs




Making a "Mac mini" More Portable:

For an explanation of you can make a "Mac mini" computer easier to travel with, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/Mac-mini.pdf:

A "Mac mini" is usually used as a desktop computer. However, by adding a few accessories to it, a "Mac mini" can travel well with you. When you travel with it, your "Mac mini" can be used as your main portable computer or as a backup for your existing laptop computer.



General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
04-12-2016




Francis Chao

Our how-to document
on
"Using the Task Manager in a Windows Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Task_Manager/Task_Manager.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 20
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-07-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
11-28-2015


Francis Chao

Our overview on
Connecting Your PC to a TV
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV.pdf

An online article with basic advice on configuring both ends of a PC to TV hookup
is available at
http://www.expertreviews.co.uk/tvs-entertainment/
1404361/how-to-connect-a-laptop-to-a-tv-hdmi-vga-
overscan-problems-and-more


Our advice on connecting a TV to a PC so that the PC acts as a wired monitor
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wired.pdf

Our advice on wirelessly connecting a TV to a PC
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wireless.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
02-27-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Our how-to documentation
on
"Moving Your Monitor-Keyboard-Mouse Farther Away From Your Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Redmere/redmere-etc.pdf




USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devides such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives and USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, you will have to determine if a specific model works with a USB 3 extersion cable.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you will be unable to use a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive or a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive enclosure at the far end of a USB 3 extension cable.
Your only option will then be to attach the USB 3 external hard drive or USB 3 external hard drive enclosure with a shorter USB 3 cable physically nearer to your computer.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Testing whether your cable modem, router, and broadband connection is "IP version 6" capable:

There are two online Internet-based tests:
Test 1:
http://test-ipv6.com/
which is explained at
https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/internet-protocol-version-6-ipv6-consumers
and
Test 2:
http://testmyipv6.com/
which is explained at
http://www.howtogeek.com/175566/htg-explains-are-you-using-ipv6-yet-should-you-even-care/

The percentage of "IP version 6" deployment by various broadband Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
can be found at
http://www.worldipv6launch.org/measurements/

To determine which Internet Service Provider you are using
and it's "Autonomous System Number" (= "ASN" = wide area network number):
go to
http://www.whatismyasn.org/

To look up the Internet Service Provider than belongs to a specific "Autonomous System Number":
go to
http://mxtoolbox.com/asn.aspx


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Windows 10: The Good and the Bad
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-good-bad.pdf


Email in Windows 10
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-email.pdf





General Meetings
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and on
09-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao
and
Rick Rolland

REMOVING MALWARE FROM A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER

Our high-level explanation of malware removal is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/malware.pdf




Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders to make sure than your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

Francis Chao

"RANSOMWARE" MALWARE REMOVAL

"Ransomware" is malware that takes over your computer or part of your computer and offers to give you back access to it when you pay a ransom fee. In a "Windows.." computer, some of the more benign variants of "ransomware" can be removed by booting up the computer in "Safe Mode".

The more sophisicated instances of "ransomware" can only be removed by booting up with a free bootable "rescue media" CD-R disc, DVD-R disc, or USB flash drive.
For details about removing "ransomware" see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/ransomware.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

Francis Chao

A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Using the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure To Remove the First Version of the "FBI PC Lock Ransomware"

Another Example of the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure

Removal of "Win32/WinMaximizer" Malware from a "Windows 7.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-02-2013


Harry Elver



http://www.txtdrop.com/
can often send text messages to the email addresses of cell phones when your regular email service is unable to do so.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

WORKAROUND FOR UPDATING FIRMWARE AND MAPS IN "GARMIN" GPS DEVICES

Garmin's GPS devices are some of best that are available. However, the two software utilities that they provide for updating the firmware and maps in their devices are problematic:

"Garmin Express" software fails to install map and firmware updates when it is run by itself. After you run this program, it tells you to attach your Garmin GPS device to your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer by means of a USB cable. After you do so, all map and firmware updates fail to complete.

Garmin's "WebUpdater" software is able to install firmware upgrades for a Garmin GPS device. However, it does not have the ability to install map updates.

In order to install both firmware updates and map updates into a Garmin GPS device, you have to use both "Webupdater" to update the device's firmware. Then, you can use "Garmin Express" to update the device's maps.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GPS/Garmin-problems.pdf


Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

INSTALLING AND RUNNING "WINDOWS.." AND LINUX.. OPERATING SYSTEMS INTO "VIRTUAL MACHINES" THAT HAVE A VIRTUAL "UEFI" WITH "SECURE BOOT" ENABLED


Since August of 2012, all "Windows 8", all "Windows 8.1", and all "Windows 10" computers that are sold at retail
AND that display the "Windows 8" logo, or the "Windows 8.1" logo, or the "Windows 10" logo,
must boot up with a "UEFI" with Secure Boot" enabled instead of the legacy "Basic Input/Output System" ("BIOS")
"UEFI" stands for "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface".
"UEFI" replaces the "BIOS" that has resided as firmware inside "..DOS" and "..Windows.." computers since the early 1980's.

In order to accurately and rigorously use a virtual machine to simulate a current desktop or laptop "Windows.." or "Linux.." computer, you have to use a virtual machine program that provides a virtual "UEFI" with a virtual "Secure Boot" capability in "enabled" status. At the present time, the only virtual machine program that can provide a virtual machine with a virtual UEFI with Secure Boot enabled
for distros of Linux that support "Secure Boot"
is the bundled Hyper-V program running inside
a "Windows 10 Pro 64-bit" host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Enterprise 64-bit" host computer.

For step-by-step details, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/SecureBoot/SecureBoot-basics.pdf



Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-07-2015


Francis Chao

Installing a PCie-type Controller Into a "Windows.." Computers:

You can procure and install a PCIe-type USB 3 controller card to add USB 3 ports to either a "Windows.." computer that does not have any USB 3 ports or to add more USB 3 ports to a "Windows.." computer.
However, you might have a protracted struggle to find a make and model of USB 3 controller card that works for a specific "Windows.." computer.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB3-adapters.pdf



Detecting and Predicting Failures of "USB 3" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows.." Computers:

Unlike "USB 2", "USB 3" does not have any cable length specifications.
You can buy "USB 3" cables and "USB 3" extension cables with lengths from 6 inches up to 16 feet and it is up to you to determine if a particular "USB 3" device will work right with a specific total length of "USB 3" cable.
As you increase the total cable length between the attached "USB 3" port and a "USB 3" device, you will start incurring data errors.
At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will fail to operate reliably. At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will not work at all.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be only 2 feet.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be as much as 9 feet.
This means that cable lengths that exceed a total of 9 feet will only work for legacy "USB 2" devices.
This also means that longer cable lengths will cause the chipsets that power USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices will sometimes heat up because of the requirement of re-transmissions as data error rates increase. If you are having problems with a specific "USB 3" devices, you have to do some trial-and-error with different total cable lengths and different "USB 3" ports in order to resolve the problem.

You can use the free "USBTreeView" program to troubleshoot slowdowns and failures of USB 3 devices that are attached to a "Windows.." computer.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting slowdowns in USB ports.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0", a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you can "head off" the problem by gracefully ejecting the USB 3 devices.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

Workarounds For Failures of "USB 2" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows..", Mac "OS X", or Linux Computers:

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB2toUSB3problems.pdf

Despite claims to the contrary by the "USB Implementers Forum" and USB device manufacturers, there are occasional compatibility problems between USB 2 devices and USB 3 ports:
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached with USB cables longer than 5 feet in length.
The simple workaround for this annoyance is to attach USB 2 devices with USB cables that are shorter than 5 feet in length.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached to a USB 3 port, irrespective of the length of the cable that is utilized.
The simple (but somewhat costly) workaround is to attach the problematic USB 2 devices to a USB 3 hub which is then attached to a USB 3 port.



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

RAILROAD TECHNOLOGY: OVERVIEW AND HISTORY

Presentation files in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3pdf

Presentation files in PowerPoint .PPT format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3.ppt


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-01-2014


Ken Sandock


Virtual Networks in Virtual Machine Programs



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
11-21-2011
and
Beta Virtual Conference
hosted online by APCUG
on
11-12-2011


Francis Chao


The "Boot Camp" capability of Mac "OS X" lets you dual boot between "OS X" and "Windows..".
When you select to boot up "Windows.." in a Mac, it becomes a full-fledged "Windows.." computer with the help of drivers from Apple's "Boot Camp Support Software" that you can download and install inside the "Windows.." operating system.

Our "how to" for installing the free, time-limited versions of "Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 7" into a "Boot Camp" partition of a Mac can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/bootcamp/win-BootCamp.pdf




Microsoft is still offering free, time-limited trial copies of "Windows 8.1..", and "Windows 10.." for you to try.

This gives you a chance to test and evaluate the current versions of "Windows.." with your existing hardware and software:

The free versions of "Windows 10" and "Windows 8.1" give you a great free way to create a "throwaway" computer inside a clonable "virtual machine". If you then use isolate the "throwaway virtual machine" from your real, host computer and/or other computers on your local network, you then have a secure way to access the Internet.

Also, the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" and the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" have a "Windows To Go" applet inside the "Control Panel". This means that you can make an external USB hard drive into a "Windows To Go Workspace" that can be used to non-destructively boot up any Intel- or AMD- computer that is capable of running "Windows 10.." or "Windows 8.1..". When you use a "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive to boot up a computer, the existing internal hard drive(s) of the computer are untouched and inaccessible to the "Windows 10 Enterprise.." or "Windows 8.1 Enterprise.." operating system that is running from the external hard drive.

The configuration of an "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive being used to non-destructively boot up an existing computer is shown at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/WTG-demo.pdf

Our detailed instructions for using the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/win8.1enteval.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and<
04-12-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-06-2013


Francis Chao

Transitioning Between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10":

There are important differences between "Windows XP", "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1".
To help you make your leap from one version of Windows to another, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/transition-XP-7-8-8.1-10.pdf




For step-by-step pictorial instructions for creating three "Taskbar toolbars" as a workaround replacement for the missing "Start Button" in "Windows 8.1", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8/TaskbarToolbars-StartButton.pdf




If you are still using "Windows XP" and you are about to make a leap to a more modern version of "Windows..", there are a few things that you need to know about the changes that Microsoft made for all versions of "Windows.." after "Windows XP":

For a short description of the differences between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10", see


http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/beyondWinXP.pdf




For a more-detailed comparison between "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/comparison-W7-W8.1-W10.pdf

See also
YouTube Video on 02-22-2014
and
***Text Chat Log on 02-22-2014


"Computer Friends"
Club
at the
Oasis Senior Center
of
Newport Beach

on
09-10-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on 04-02-2014
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
03-25-2014
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle

on
03-10-2014
and
"Virtual Technology
Conference 10
"
of
APCUG
on
02-22-2014


Francis Chao

hwinfo32 and hwinfo64

are free diagnostic programs for hardware problems in Windows... Their impressive history can be seen at
http://www.hwinfo.com/txt/History3264.txt


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-03-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014

George Harding


REMOTE DESKTOP CONNECTION:

You can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to operate your "Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", or "Windows 7" computer from another computer or tablet.

The "Windows.." computer that is being controlled is usually called the "host computer" or the "remote computer".
The computer that you are using to access the "host computer" is usually called the "client computer".

"Client computer" --------------------------------> "Host computer"

o For example, if you have Hauppauge's "WinTV" software and one of their USB television tuners running in your "Windows.." computer, you can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to view "WinTV" from a Windows.. laptop, your Android tablet or your iPad.

o For a Windows laptop, desktop, or tablet, you can start "Remote Desktop Connecton" by running mstsc.exe from inside a "Windows Explorer" window, a "File Explorer" window, or an elevated command prompt window.

o For an iPad or iPhone, you can download and install Microsoft's free "Microsoft Remote Desktop" software from the Apple Store app.

o For an Android tablet or phone, you can download and Microsoft's free "Remote Desktop Connection" from the "Play Store"

o For a Mac OS X computer, you can download and install the free "Microsoft Remote Desktop Connection Client for Mac" software from the Apple Store applet.


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR YOUR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:
A COMPARISON OF SLEEP, HYBRID SLEEP, AND HIBERNATE:


See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/energy-mgt/energy-mgt-Wiin.pdf

In addition to helping you control the amount of electricity that your "Windows.." computer uses, the energy management features in your "Windows.." computer let you do partial powerdowns of your computer so that you can re-start exactly where you left off in your open and minimized Web browser windows and in all open and minimized windows of your software programs. These energy management features can dramatically reduce the delays that are caused by multi-tasking between your computer and non-computer activities.



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

Making "Windows To Go" Bootable USB Flash Drives and Bootable USB External Hard Disk Drives
for Non-Destructively Booting Up Computers with "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":


For USB 2 or USB 3 external hard drives, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that emulate a hard drive, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that do NOT emulate a hard drive and for USB 2 flash drive devices, do the following from inside a computer that is running any version of "Windows 7", or "Windows 8" or "Windows 10":
Run the diskpart, imagex.exe, and bcdboot commands, as described in

http://arstechnica.com/business/2012/03/ordering-windows-to
-go-how-to-create-a-bootable-windows-8-usb-thumb-drive/

or
http://tweaks.com/windows/52279/how-to-create-a-windows-to-go-usb-drive/
or
http://www.aidanfinn.com/?p=12119

Warning: "Windows To Go" will run much slower in USB 2 flash drives and USB 2 external hard disk drives
compared to USB 3 flash drives and USB 3 external hard disk drives.

Warning: When running "Windows To Go" with "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation", you CANNOT remove the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive while the computer is powered on:
Wait until the computer is totally powered off before pulling out the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
11-06-2013


George Harding

Virtual DVD/CD Drive Inside Your "Windows XP" or "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7" Computer:

USING THE FREE "VIRTUAL CLONEDRIVE" SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR "MOUNTING" .ISO FILE IMAGES OF DVDs AND CDs

"Virtual Clonedrive" is not needed in "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1": For these two new-fangled versions of "Windows..", use your left mouse button to double-click on an .ISO file or a .BIN file to mount it as a virtual CD or DVD inside "File Explorer".

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

George Harding

Temporary Workarounds For Accessing Inaccessible Web Sites
With A Web Browser:


Sometimes you can use free or not-free Virtual Private Network (VPN) services
to tunnel around your broadband Internet provider's router throttling, blockages and slowdowns.
Here in Tucson, Arizona, when our Comcast Cable broadband has slowdowns
in their Pima, Arizona router node,
we have a 70 percent chance of restoring our download and upload speeds
by using the free version of
"Hotspot Shield" to tunnel past this occasionally-problematic router node.

Sometimes when a Website is inaccessible with a Web browser,
we can temporarily access it using the Web site's IP address
instead of its regular URL address, as described in our "how-to" document entitled
Workarounds For Temporary DNS Failures On The World Wide Web.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

George Harding

Email Basics



Email Options in "Windows 8.."


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
08-13-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Free Software and Free Online Storage Space


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
08-07-2013
and
Virtual Technology Conference 8
of
APCUG
on
08-03-2013
and
General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Francis Chao


If your flatbed or sheet-fed scanner does not work in Windows 8,
you might be able to get it working
by disabling the "Windows Image Acquisition" service and process temporarily



General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013


George Harding

Tucson Area Police and Fire Scanners

http://tucson.com/online/multimedia/tucson-com-radio-scanners/html_82940c5a-03df-11df-8899-001cc4c03286.html

https://www.broadcastify.com/listen/mid/68

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/pima-county-arizona-tucson-police-ems-scanner-feed/

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/




Police-scanner sites see surge in traffic after Boston

Will the Boston Bombings Kill the Public Police Scanner?

Why are police scanners open to the public?


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

George Harding

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."



GPS Receiver Inside Your Computer:

GPS RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

GPS RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."





Karaoke Machines Inside Your Computer:

NON-PROFESSIONAL KARAOKE FILE FORMATS: kar and midi / mid

LEGAL ISSUES AND GUIDELINES FOR KARAOKE

KARAOKE FOR MAC "OS X"

KARAOKE FOR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 1

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 2





Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-OR-MORE-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)




Television inside Your Computer:

TV INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS.." PC OR "OS X" MAC

TV INSIDE YOUR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX COMPUTER





Virtual Machines Inside Your Computer:

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013

Francis Chao

Make "Windows 10" or "Windows 8.1" or "Windows 7" or "Windows Vista" Log On Automatically

How to Configure "Windows XP" to Log You in Automatically



Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
01-02-2013

Myron Dungey

Some useful printable paper rulers can be found at
http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers

In order to print an accurate ruler, you have to select the "Actual Size" radio button in the "Print" dialog box BEFORE clicking on the "Print" button.

Step-by-step instructions for downloading and printing "printable rulers".


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-05-2012


George Harding


The USB Implementers Forum's technical standards for USB 2 "B" plugs specify a 12-mm conductive surface.
See http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/ecn1.pdf

However, many of the USB plugs on cheap cables are as short as 5 mm. This can cause you problems.




For some free printable rulers, see http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers/

(Do not set your printer for "fit to page" prior to printing these rulers!)



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
06-06-2012

George Harding

Why You Don't Need Your Anti-Virus Program to Scan Your E-mail

Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Ken Blake

Freeware virtual stopwatch that you can download and install into your computer:

"PC Chrono" at http://www.highspheres.com/products/pc_chrono/



Online, Web-based stopwatches:

http://www.online-stopwatch.com/



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Paul Scott

Using Virtualization of Hardware to Save Money, Space, and Time:

HTML recording in Zip format (43 Megabytes)

Using the Free "Virtual CloneDrive" Software Program

Using "Windows Fax"

Using "Windows Media Center" or "WinTV" Instead of a Real TV Set

Using Windows' "Network Bridge"

Using Windows' "Internet Connection Sharing"

Using Virtual Machines to Get More Out of Your Computer


APCUG 2nd
Virtual
Conference
on
02-25-2012

Francis Chao

Good Ideas and Advice from Other Computer User Groups:

PC Self-Help & Other Stuff from Jim McKnight of the Los Angeles Computer Society


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
01-04-2012


Dick Reaser

Using Legacy Fax Machines, Fax Modems, and Credit Card Machines on "Voice Over IP"(VOIP) Phone Lines

Analog Telephone Adapter for Attaching Legacy Telephone to a VOIP Phone Line


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG on
01-04-2012


Robert Thompson

With "Windows 7.." you get a bundled applet called "Windows Fax and Scan". The fax function within this applet is a virtual fax machine that you can use to send and receive faxes using an (real) analog modem that is connected to a landline telephone line. This allows you to avoid the cost of maintaining a real fax machine and its corresponding costs for paper and ink or toner cartridges. Step-by-step instructions for using the fax function of "Windows Fax and Scan" are available at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/windowsfax/windowsfax.htm

By using your own computer, fax modem, and phone line to send and receive faxes, you are guaranteed that any information that you send or receive remains confidential. However, the use of Microsoft's "virtual fax machine" is more work for you than using the free Web-based services in the following section:



If you do not have a fax modem or you want to send faxes with less work than needed for Microsoft's "virtual fax machine", you can fax for free from any Web browser by using the following "Software as a Service" applications:
http://faxzero.com

or
http://www.myfax.com/free/

See http://websearch.about.com/od/usefulsite1/tp/free-fax-online.htm for more free fax options.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
01-04-2012

Robert Thompson

Opening a Mystery File


Windows 8/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-05-2011


Paul Scott

You can find all available broadband Internet services at an specific United States address at http://broadbandmap.gov



You can use the "AntennaWeb" Web site to create a list of television stations that can be received over-the-air from any specific address/location in the United States. For each television station transmitter that you have "line-of-sight", "AntennaWeb" provides you with information on the type of antenna that you need to use. "AntennaWeb" is a free service that is provided by the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB). By combining "off-the-air" television reception with various streaming Web sites such as "Hulu"and "boxee.tv", you might be able stop paying for cable television service.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-07-2011


George Harding


List of Device Bit Rates



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
08-03-2011


Ken Sandock

Please download and try out the Keyboard Tester which is a Windows software program that TCS member Tom Warburton has developed.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
07-06-2011


Tom Warburton

There are three ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Netzero Free":

Option 1: Go to http://www.netzero.net/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Netzero at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Netzero CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Netzero CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Netzero" account.

Option 3: Or go to any "Best Buy" store and ask for a free "Netzero CD". They are usually hanging in the computer accessories section of the store. They sometimes run out but all "Best Buy" stores get shipments of the free "Netzero CD" on a regular basis.


Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

There are two ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Juno":

Option 1: Go to http://www.juno.com/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Juno at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Juno CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Juno CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Juno" account.



Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Use the free bcTester software program
and/or the
bcWebCam software program to "read" "QR Codes".

To create "QR Codes", use the Web-based online service at
http://qrcode.kaywa.com/
or
http://www.mobile-barcodes.com/qr-code-generator/

To learn more about "QR Codes", see
http://techie-buzz.com/softwares/read-qr-codes-on-pc.html
and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.


"LillyPond" music notation and "engraving" software was recommended by Board
member Paul Scott.

"MuseScore" music notation software was recommended by Board member Paul
Scott.


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Some presentations about Linux:

http://ingles.homeunix.net/presos/linux-ancient/index.html
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/9747-Introduction-to-Linux
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/77207-Introduction-to-Linux-Operating-System


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Paul Scott

Testing the Internet Connection of a "Windows" Computer
(using File Transfer Protocol so that you do not have to use a Web browser)



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-02-2011


George Harding

Setting the Root Password in Ubuntu


Linux SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-23-2011


Paul Scott

The different versions of "Windows.." ("XP", "Vista", and "7") handle user's "My Documents" folders differently, with "Windows 7" using the most complex scheme:
In "Windows 7", a user's "My Documents" folder is displayed in "Windows Explorer" as a "My Documents" folder. However, the real name of this folder is "Documents" and "Documents" is shown in path designations both in the Properties boxes that Windows displays to the user. Whenever the user is asked to type in a "path" location, he/she must use "Documents" instead of "My Documents".

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Documents


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

Copying Files/Folders from a Data CD or DVD to a USB "Thumb Drive"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

If you do not like the "Ribbon Bar" of "Microsoft Office 2007" and "Microsoft Office 2010", you can put the classic menus (Menu bar+Standard toolbar+Formatting toolbar) back in with one of these two free software utilities:

"UBitMenu" or "Classic Menu for Office..Starter"
f

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010


Earl Newkirk

If you are running "Windows 7" as your operating system, you can create a system repair disk now, and add it to your collection of "just in case" tools.

If you are running "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", the original installation disk (that Microsoft provided) can be used as a "system repair disk".
Both the "full version" and "upgrade version" installation disks (from Microsoft) of Windows Vista" are bootable and can function as a "system repair disk".

For instructions on using the "System Recovery Options" of "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", see
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/
What-happened-to-the-Recovery-Console

and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/
Startup-Repair-frequently-asked-questions

You can run the
bootrec /fixmbr
command from the "command prompt" to fix/replace the Master Boot Record(MBR) in "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7". This command can restore the "Windows Boot Manager" after the Linux partitions are removed and the "Grub" or "Grub 2" boot manager of Linux is no longer functional.
Additional command line repairs for the "Windows Boot Manager" are: bootrec /scanOS
bootrec /fixboot
bootrec /rebuildbcd
and
chkdsk
See http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://www.sevenforums.com/installation-setup/
92149-re-install-windows-7-boot-manager.html

for details.



If you are running "Windows XP", only the installation disk of the "full version" of "Windows XP" can function as a "system repair disk". The installation disk of the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" cannot be used to boot up a computer.
If the computer is already booted up, the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" can be used as a system repair disk.
The following commands can be used to repair the "ntldr" boot manager of "Windows XP":
fixmbr
fixboot
bootcfg /rebuild
chkdsk
For additional instructions on using the "Windows XP Recovery Console", see:
http://www.simplyguides.net/guides/recovery_console/recovery_console.shtml
and
http://tech.icrontic.com/articles/repair_windows_xp/
and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307654



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010

George Harding

Adding Hard Drives

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-07-2010

George Harding


Databases at the Pima County Public Library (PDF)


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-17-2010


Paul Scott

Ctrl+Shift+Esc gets you to the "Windows Task Manager" faster than Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Another quick way to get to the "Windows Task Manager" is to perform a right click on gray space anywhere on the Windows "Task Bar" and then select "Start Task Manager" from the pop-up utility menu. All of these ways for getting to the "Windows Task Manager" work for "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", and "Windows 7"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-04-2009


George Harding

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