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         Here are notes, Web links, and videos from our meetings:


Subject/Title Meeting
& Date
Submitted
by

Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

Speeding Up Windows 10"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win8speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows 7"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win7speedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/vistaspeedup.pdf

"Speeding Up Windows XP"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/xp_speedup.pdf

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure
applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"
is available at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/startup_programs.pdf




Here is an old trick from the world of servers
that lets you improve the speed and reliability
of any version of the "Windows.." operating system:
Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/supersize_swapfile.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
12-12-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao


USEFUL FREE "WINDOWS.." UTILITIES

There are lots of free and not-free utility software programs that you can use to prevent and resolve problems that might develop with a Windows.. computer.

For our tutorial about the most useful bundled and free third-party utility programs
please see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/utility_programs-win.pdf




Most "Windows.." computers arrive bundled with all sorts of digital "shovelware" that takes up space on your computer's hard drive and registry.

To remove most of this digital junk,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/removing-unwanted-software.pdf

There three types of utility programs that can reside inside a Windows.. computer:
desktop apps, "Universal Windows Platform" apps, and portable apps.
For details about this,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/program-types-win.pdf

The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" (that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software) leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry of "Windows.." and on your C: hard drive.




To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" in Windows.., use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf

When you are upgrading or installing software programs, the software companies often attempt to surrepticiously sneak unwanted additional software programs and non-optimal settings into your "Windows.." computer. You should "just say no" to these "ride along" changes to your computer, as shown
in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/avoiding-unwanted-software.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, U.S.A
on
10-24-2018
and
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao


"ZOOM" VERSUS "SKYPE" VERSUS THE REST OF THE WEB CONFERENCING SYSETMS
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Zoom/Zoom-vs-etc.pdf




Window 10 / Hardware SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-05-2018



Francis Chao

"The Continued Tribulations of Windows 10 Version 1809" (as of November 4, 2018)
is located at

https://windowssecrets.com/windows-secrets/the-continued-tribulations-of-windows-10-version-1809/
and
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4464619/windows-10-update-history

Windows 10's "Version 1809" Struggles (in October and November of 2018)
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/ver1809struggles.pdf

Windows 10's "Version 1809" Features
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/ver1809-new-features.pdf

In the new "Version 1809" of "Windows 10..",
Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will eventually replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described
at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf




Our how-to advice on
ANALYZING AND REPAIRING MINOR PROBLEMS IN A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/hardware-problems-minor.pdf

Our how-to advice on
ACCESSING THE UEFI CONFIGURATION SCREENS OF A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/UEFIviaWin10.pdf

Our how-to advice on
LAPTOP COOLING WITH EXTERNAL FAN DEVICES
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/laptop-cooling.pdf

Our how-to advice on
USING USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT HUBS TO SUPPLEMENT THE USB 3.X AND THUNDERBOLT PORTS FOR A LAPTOP
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/USB-laptop-config.pdf




Our how-to advice on
Using External Parts to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Sound Cards to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-sound.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Gigabit Ethernet Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Ethernet.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using External USB Wi-Fi Network Adapters to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts-Wi-Fi.pdf

Using A HDMI-to-VGA Adapter to Connect an Old VGA Monitor to the HDMI Port of a Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-to-VGA.pdf

You can add an HDMI, DVI, or VGA port and a separate stand-alone monitor to a "Windows.." or "MacBook" laptop
as a quick, low-cost workaround for a failed or broken laptop monitor

as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/HDMI-DVI-VGA-add.pdf




Our how-to advice on
REPLACING A FAILED DVD DRIVE IN A LENOVO THINKPAD
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/hardware/DVD-UJ8FBS.pdf

Our how-to advice on
PROCURING AND INSTALLING AN EXTERNAL "USB 3" DVD DRIVE
TO AVOID HAVING TO REPLACE A FAILED INTERNAL DVD DRIVE
FOR A LAPTOP COMPUTER

is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/DVD-USB3-add.pdf




Our how-to advice on
Using "Windows To Go" To Make an External Hard Drive to Non-Destructively Boot Up An Existing Intel or AMD-based Windows or Linux Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/Windows-To-Go.pdf
This capability has been available in Mac OS X and Linux computers for many years but it sort of arrived with the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" and continued to be sort of available in the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Costa Mesa,
California, USA
on
11-28-2018
and
04-29-2017
and
08-27-2016
and
Windows 10 / Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on 12-05-2018


Francis Chao

Intel Versus AMD CPU Wars
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cpus/CPU-wars.pdf




Windows 10's "Version 1809" Struggles
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/ver1809struggles.pdf

Windows 10's "Version 1809" Features
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/ver1809-new-features.pdf

Windows 10's "Snip & Sketch" will soon replace Windows 10's "Snipping Tool"
and this improved, bundled utility program is described at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/SnipAndSketch.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



Francis Chao

USING "HYPER-V"
TO RUN "UBUNTU LINUX"
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE BUNDLED "HYPER-V" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS 10 PRO 64-BIT" COMPUTER:


00-Install and Run Virtual Machines Inside A Real Physical "Windows.." computer
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/0-virtual-machines-Win.pdf

01-Three Ways to Run "Ubuntu Linux" Inside A Real Physical "Windows 10.." computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/1-Ubuntu-3ways-Win10.pdf

02-Installing "Ubuntu Linux" into "Hyper-V" in a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/2-Ubuntu-install-Win10.pdf

03-Using "Ubuntu Linux" inside "Hyper-V" inside a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/3-Ubuntu-use-Win10.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



Francis Chao

USING "HYPER-V"
TO RUN "UBUNTU LINUX"
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE BUNDLED "HYPER-V" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS 10 PRO 64-BIT" COMPUTER:


00-Install and Run Virtual Machines Inside A Real Physical "Windows.." computer
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/0-virtual-machines-Win.pdf

01-Three Ways to Run "Ubuntu Linux" Inside A Real Physical "Windows 10.." computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/1-Ubuntu-3ways-Win10.pdf

02-Installing "Ubuntu Linux" into "Hyper-V" in a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/2-Ubuntu-install-Win10.pdf

03-Using "Ubuntu Linux" inside "Hyper-V" inside a real "Windows 10 Pro" Computer
is located at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/Hyper-V/3-Ubuntu-use-Win10.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-19-2018



Francis Chao

USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER"
TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.."
IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"
INSIDE THE FREE "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" PROGRAM
INSIDE A REAL "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:


The presentation slides for the October 13, 2015 version of this presentation
are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/VMware-win10-2015-10-13.pdf

The "YouTube" video of the February 21, 2015 version of presentation can be viewed at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oW01g_tzWmU




"Big Step 0": Learn about the basics of virtual machine technology, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-0-basics.pdf

"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine" by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows 10.." "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
"Virtual
Technology
Conference 14"
of
APCUG
on
02-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
02-10-2015



Francis Chao

The better "USB 3.x" hard drive enclosures that have cooling fans and more reliable printed circuit boards are:
Model "5G" that is made by Thermaltake
and
model "HX" that is made by Vantec.
Unfortunately both models have been discontinued by their respective manufacturers.
The remaining models of "USB 3.X" hard drive enclosure that do have fans are not as reliable, based on our testing.
The models of "USB 3.x" hard drive enclosures that do not have fans make the hard drives that you install into them run hotter and shorten the life spans of your hard drives.
All of the "consumer" models of hard drives that are sold as "external hard drives" also have a poor track record for reliability.
We have discovered that you can build a much more reliable "external hard drive" by buying and the assembling the following parts, which are sold separately.
If you "home brew" your own external hard drives, you will also save money relative to the cost of buying either an external hard drive enclosure or buying an external hard drive. Here are the parts that you need to buy:
An internal SATA hard drive,
a fan assembly that bolts onto the internal SATA hard drive,
and
a SATA-to-USB 3.x adapter. Our how-to instructions for "growing your own" external hard drives or external hard drive enclosures
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/external-hard-drives.pdf

When they break, most external USB hard drives can be repaired or recovered from if you follow the brilliant technical advice
at
https://discussions.apple.com/docs/DOC-6121

When a part inside an external hard drive or an external SSD breaks, you can save money and end up with a more reliable device if you substitute quality third-party parts
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/external/Parts-for-external.pdf


You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018


The mandatory April 2018 version 1803 update for Windows 10.. slowed down some of our computers by putting them in "Compact OS" state.
For step-by-step instructions to undo this problem,
please see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/software/utils/compact-utility.pdf





If you purchase or build an external USB or SATA or eSATA hard drive:
you can use the same external USB hard drive in three ways at the same time:
First, you can use free software to make the external hard drive into a bootable clone of your existing internet C: hard drive
and
Secondly, you can use free software to store "backup drive images" on the external hard drive
and
Thirdly, you can use the external USB hard drive to store important data files in their regular format





You can use the free and non-intrusive "CrystalDiskInfoPortable" to check the S.M.A.R.T. readings for most internal and external hard drives
as described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/CrystalDiskInfoPortable.pdf





USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures with a standardized total cable length of 5 meters written into the USB 2 standards and a standardized total cable length of 3 meters (9.8 feet) that was originally written into the USB 2 standards.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives, USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, and other USB 3 devices, you will have to determine if a specific USB 3 devices works with a specific total length of USB 3 cable and a specific USB 3 port on your computer or USB 3 hub.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices:
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices, or the connecting USB 3 cable or the USB 3 port is imminent. You can determined which of these three items is about to fail by substituting with a "known good" USB 3 port, a "known good" (or shorter) USB 3 cable, or a "known good" USB 3 device.




Measuring Wi-Fi Coverage and Speeds in Your Local Network:

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browser to go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas-wifi/descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer,
you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program. However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Using the free "Speedtest.net" apps or Website to measure Internet Speeds
To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:


Your broadband Internet download and upload speeds will usually be much slower than the speeds at which the network devices on your local network run at.
However, many home and business networks have old, tired network components that bottleneck your actual Internet speeds below what the Internet provider is providing at the broadband modem which as as the Itnet "point of entry" . To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf




Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Two ways to get into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

METHOD ONE:
Use the computer manufacturer's proprietary key sequence during the power up of the computer.


METHOD TWO:
Use the buttons inside the "Settings" function inside "Windows 10.." as follows:

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & Security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Advanced startup".
Click on the "Restart now" button.
Click on "Troubleshoot--Reset your PC or see advanced options".
Click on "Advanced options".
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings".
Click on "Restart".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-28-2018
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


George Harding

You can use the free Recuva software utility to recover recently-deleted files/folders from a hard drive or a USB flash drive.
You can also use "Recuva.." to determine whether a wipe with "cipher /w" was successful in removing deleted files from a hard drive.

You can use the
cipher /w:C:
command-line command to remove deleted files permanently so that software such as the free Recuva software utility cannot be used to "undelete" files/folders that you have deleted.

To wipe deleted files from a drive other than C:, substitute the actual drive letter that you wish to scan:
For example, to scan the M: drive, type in
cipher /w:m:

Please note that above-mentioned "9 Windows Treasures.." article erroneously tells you to type in
cipher /w:c
Since "c" is not a valid path designation in Windows.., "cipher /w:c" is seen by "Windows.." as "cipher /w:c:" which then defaults to wiping free space in the C: drive.
However, when Francis ran "cipher /w:f" in an attempt to wipe a USB flash drive, the result was that his internal C: hard drive was wiped.
When he ran "ciper /w:f:", his USB flash drive was wiped.
Apparently, the colon (:) is necessary if you want to wipe any drive other than C:

For step-by-step directions on using "cipher /w" and "Recuva" to wipe the data in the free space of a hard drive or a USB flash drive, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/wipe-free-space/cipherw.pdf



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-07-2011


George Harding

10: STREAMING MEDIA: BASICS, CAPTURE, AND SCREEN RECORDING
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/10-streaming_basics.pdf

11: LEGAL ISSUES OF MEDIA CAPTURE AND SCREEN RECORDING OF STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/11-streaming-legal_issues.pdf

12: ENDLESS STREAMING MEDIA
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/12-streaming-endless.pdf

13: SINGLE FILE STREAMING
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/13-streaming_single_file.pdf

14: STREAMING SEQUENTIAL CHUNKS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/14-streaming_chunks.pdf

20: MEDIA CAPTURE (AT THE NETWORK STACK)
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/20-media_capture.pdf

21: "TORTURE TEST" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE" SOFTWARE
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/21-media_capture_test.pdf

41: "MEDIA CAPTURE" VERSUS "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/41-media_capture_vs_screen_recording.pdf

30: "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/30-screen_recording.pdf




101: "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE" PROGRAMS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/101-ReplayCaptureSuite-progs.pdf

102: "APPLIAN DIRECTOR"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/102-ApplianDirector.pdf

103: "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" --OVERVIEW
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/103-ReplayMediaCatcher-overview.pdf

103A: "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" --STRUGGLES
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/103A-ReplayMediaCatcher-struggles.pdf

104: USING "STREAM DOWNLOADER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR "MEDIA CAPTURE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/104-ReplayMediaCatcher-media_capture.pdf

105: USING "DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER" IN "REPLAY MEDIA CATCHER" FOR LIMITED "SCREEN RECORDING""
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/105-ReplayMediaCatcher-screen_record.pdf

106: "REPLAY VIDEO CAPTURE" FOR FULL-FEATURED "SCREEN RECORDING"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/106-ReplayVideoCapture.pdf

107: REPLAY MUSIC
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/107-ReplayMusic.pdf

108: REPLAY RADIO
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/108-ReplayRadio.pdf

108A: REPLAY RADIO --STRUGGLES
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/108A-ReplayRadio-struggles.pdf

109: VIDEO PADLOCK
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/109-VideoPadlock.pdf

110: REPLAY CONVERTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/110-ReplayConverter.pdf

111: REPLAY MEDIA SPLITTER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/111-ReplayMediaSplitter.pdf

112: REPLAY TELECORDER
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/112-ReplayTelecorder.pdf




60: FREE ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS INSTEAD OF THE "REPLAY CAPTURE SUITE"
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/60-Free_alt_software-instead-of-Replay.pdf

71: FREE "MEDIA CAPTURE" WITH THE "youtube-dl-gui" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/71-free-media-capture-YDG.pdf

72: FREE "MEDIA CAPTURE" WITH THE "aTube Catcher" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/72-free-media-capture-aTube.pdf

81: FREE "SCREEN RECORDING" WITH THE "Flashback Express" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/81-free-screen-record-Flashback.pdf

82: FREE "SCREEN RECORDING" WITH THE "iSpring Free Cam" PROGRAM
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/media/82-free-screen-record-iSpring.pdf



Meeting
of the
Winners
Windows
Users

of
Irvine,
California
on
09-29-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018

Francis Chao

Free Online Training for "Windows.." Computers:

Hundreds of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "Windows" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
To access our categorized folders of training hyperlinks,
please follow the instructions at
http://aztcs.org/training/training.pdf
for access our archive which is actually located at
https://www.box.com/shared/ff0p9m41h0




Free Online Training for Apple "MacOS" Computers:

Dozens of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "MacOS" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
See
http://aztcs.org/apple/apple.htm




Meeting of the
Seniors
Computer
Group
of
San Diego

on
09-15-2018
and
Joint Meeting of the
Potomac Area
Technology
and
Computer
Society

and the
Osher
Lifelong
Learning
Institute
Computer
User Group

on
01-19-2013


Francis Chao

Our lessons-learned advice about
TELEVISION ANTENNA SECRETS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Antenna-secrets.pdf
You can use both antenna gain and amplifier gain to increase the number of television channels that you receive over-the-air.
To prevent a pre-amplifier from causing the stronger television stations from overloading your television set, you can insert an attenuator between the antenna and the pre-amplifier.

Our update on the current models of
HAUPPAUGE OVER-THE-AIR USB TV TUNERS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Hauppauge-tuners.pdf

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception of ATSC television channels
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf

Our lessons-learned advice about
MOHU "SKY.." TELEVISION ANTENNAS
is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Mohu-secrets.pdf

Mohu "Sky.." antennas are the best indoor television antennas that we have ever tested.
Mohu "Sky.." antennas can be installed either outdoors or indoors.
However, Mohu "Sky.." antennas are not the best antenna for outdoor installations because there are lots of outdoor antennas that are as good or better.
However, when installed indoors, Mohu "Sky.." antennas have performed better than any other antennas that we have tested indoors.
This makes the premium price of the Mohu "Sky.." often worth paying for if you are in the market for an indoor television antenna.
If you are fortunate enough to be located where even a paper clip antenna can pick up all of the television channels that you wish to receive, then the Mohu "Sky.." woud be overkill becaue of it's high retail price point.

For the best possible antenna and antenna amplifier combination that you can install indoors, you should install a Mohu "Sky 60" antenna without it's bundled Mohu "Jolt" amplifier. Then install a Winegard "Boost XT" amplifier for the Mohu "Sky 60" antenna. In other words, if you procure and install a Mohu "Sky.." antenna, you can usually get even more television channels and more stable television channels over-the-air by removing or not installing the bundled "Jolt" amplifier by substituting a Wingard "Boost" or a Wingard "Boost XT" amplifier.
In our testing, we discovered that the Winegard "Boost XT" amplifier received 1 to 3 more television channels relative to the Winegard "Boost" amplifier.
For details about the unbeatable
"MOHU SKY 60"/"BOOST XT" HYBRID ANTENNA/AMPLIFIER CONFIGURATION,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/MohuPlusWinegard.pdf

Our lessons-learned advice about
WINEGARD ANTENNA AMPLIFIERS:
Mohu "Sky.." antennas are the best indoor television antennas that we have ever tested.
However, the "Jolt" conical or "Jolt" trapezoidal amplifiers that they are bundled with are not as good as the models of amplifiers that are provided by the Winegard company. For our details about the superior "Winegard Boost XT" antenna amplifier and the cheaper "Winegard Boost" antenna amplifier,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/Winegard-secrets.pdf


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-05-2018
and
Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016


Francis Chao

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "Windows.." computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-win.pdf

For our advice on
Troubleshooting Printer Problems in a "MacOS" computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printer-fix-mac.pdf

Issues and Workarounds for Setting Up Printers:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/printers--workarounds.pdf

If you are unable to make changes to a printer in a printer inside "Devices and Printers" in Windows 7, 8.1, or 10, locate and click on the "Change Properties" button for the printer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Change-Properties-button-Win.pdf

If your printer is backed up with a stack of print jobs, here is a procedure for you to clear out the pile of pending print jobs
in a Windows.. computer:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/printers/Print-queue-win.pdf




General Meeting
of the
Wisconsin All-Computer Users Club
on
07-05-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2018
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-02-2013


Francis Chao


Use 2 (or more) routers to protect your home or small business network against the security vulnerabilities of "Internet of Things" ("IoT") devices:

For a level of security that is better than an existing, single router, use two routers as follows:

Router 1 = "Border and IoT router" connects to the Internet provider. This router is used to connect to cloud-connected security cameras, cloud-connected motion detection devices, smart refrigerators, smart TVs, video doorbells, smart thermostats, cloud-based voice-operated assistants, etc.

Router 2 = "Trusted router" is used to connect to your most-secure computers, Network-Attached Storage devices, home servers, etc.

For even better security, use three routers as follows:

Router 1 = "Border router" connects to the Internet provider.

Router 2 = "IoT router" is used to connect to cloud-connected security cameras, cloud-connected motion detection devices, smart refrigerators, smart TVs, video doorbells, smart thermostats, cloud-based voice-operated assistants, etc.

Router 3 = "Trusted router" is used to connect to your most-secure computers, Network-Attached Storage devices, home servers, etc.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-2plus.pdf



For advice on configuring routers,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-configuring.pdf


Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Improving the Speed, Reliability, and/or Area Coverage of Your Wireless Wi-Fi Connection:

Upgrade from 802.11n to 802.11ac:
802.11ac has Multiple User-Multiple In-Multiple Out and Beam Forming while 802.11n only has Single Users-Multiple In-Multiple Out
so replace or add a 802.11ac-capable router or Wi-Fi extender to your home or small business network.

You can replace the old, worn-out Wi-Fi adapter in your desktop or laptop computer to increase 802.11ac data throughput
by following our advice at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-adapters



To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/descargas-versiones-gratuitas-programas-software-herramientas-wifi/descargar-escaner-wifi-gratis-para-windows/
The "Tarlogic" company is located in Spain.
If and when your Web browser displays a "Translate" button, click on it to convert the Spanish text in the Web page into English.
If this does not happen, click on "EN" in the upper-right corner to convert the page content to English.
Scroll or page down.
Then click on the "Try it for free" button.

To download and install the free "NetSpot Free Edition" for a "Windows" or "MacOS" computer,
use a Web browserto go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html
Then scroll or page-down to get to the free edition of "Netspot..s".

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer, you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program. However, do not use both programs at the same time.
See also
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf




Measuring Network Speeds To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:

To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf



Meeting
of the
Winners WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
June 23, 2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
08-01-2018


Wireless Video Doorbells
are the fastest growing sub-segment of the nascent "Internet of Things" (IoT) product lines
See
http://bestdoorbellcamera.com/

http://www.doorbellhome.org/skybell-hd-vs-ring-doorbell-pro-vs-august-doorbell-cam/

http://thewirecutter.com/reviews/best-smart-doorbell-camera/

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?id=adw&gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisgULdQPvV9emxj0HjTcx2OErNWh9WLMolmGaiHcmPCRoC8vvw_wcB

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-wireless-doorbells

http://www.toptenreviews.com/home/smart-home/best-video-doorbells/

http://www.doorbellreview.com/

http://www.techlicious.com/guide/best-video-doorbell-cameras/

https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/buy/door-bells/ci/24814/N/3880127365/?gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisawVjLQZ5YLvFYC6qYKm_EkfsGjM7uVo_VfaexTTbTRoCP7Xw_wcB&c3api=0980%2C110370499253

https://www.cnet.com/products/august-doorbell-cam/





Guidelines For Wireless "Internet of Things" (IoT) Devices

Most wireless devices such as video doorbells depend on the speed and radio frequency signal strength of the wireless network that they communicate to so you need to have a later model wireless router that has the following features:

802.11ac Wi-Fi (instead of the old 802.11n Wi-Fi standard),

MIMO (Multiple In-Multiple Out),

and

beam forming.

No wireless video doorbell will work well without a wireless router that has the above three features.


The electricians who install your video doorbell may not consider it to be their responsibility to upgrade your home router to one that has these state-of-the-art features but reallly good, knowledgeable electricains would tell you about the need for these features.





If you house is reasonably well-built and there are well-built walls or a ceiling for your wireless router's signal to penetrate, you might need to install a "wireless extender" to get enough and fast enough of a radio frequency signal to your video doorbell:

There are three kinds of wireless extender installation configurations:

Configuration 1:
Wireless extender repeats the radio signal from the wireless router.

Configuration 2:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a Category 5 or Category 5e or Category 6 cable.

Configuration 3:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a "Multimedia Over Coax Alliance" (MOCA) link riding on top of existing coaxial cabling in the house.





If This Then That (IFTTT) makes "IoT" devices more usesful but putting in helpful logic into IoT Devices. For example, if you have a wireless recording camera that records detected motion, you can make it only record when you are more than 100 feet away from your home: Your wireless recording cameras would communicate with a location app inside your cell phone and your cell phone would constantly report your GPS coordinates to your wireless recording cameras.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

"M.2 NVMe PCIe" Solid State Drives (SSDs) bring a 3 to 5-fold increase to hard drive reads a writes relative to legacy 2.5-in SATA SSDs at only about a 50 percent increase in price.
Our how-to explanation for these revolutionary SSDs
can be found at

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/SSDs/SSDs.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-06-2018
and
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018


Some of our tricks for connecting hard drives to Windows.. and Linux computers are shown
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/tricks/harddrivetricks.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-04-2018



Al Guevera is working with Adam D Technology and Francis Chao to update our legacy Web site.
The in-construction Web site is located
at

http://www.wphosting1.com/TCS/

See also
http://computerdude.me/
and
https://www.yelp.com/biz/al-guevara-tucson
and
http://computerdude.me/resume-al-guevara/
and
http://www.tucsonfirefoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/AdamD-Informative.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and


POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL

Presentation Slides

References

General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-19-2018


Ken Sandock

Links to Web sites that correspond to topics that we discussed at the meeting of the Computer Pros SIG on March 18, 2018:

Amazon price tracker:
https://camelcamelcamel.com/

Deals site:
https://slickdeals.net/

The Full Nerd:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJw2-YrAPHYEb0UPqGLhUCmT6tWpzG3q4

Lamp with charging outlet:
https://www.amazon.com/Limelights-LT2024-BLK-Brushed-Charging-Outlet/dp/B075Z5JBJL/ref=pd_yo_rr_bia_t_1?_encoding=UTF8&refRID=0S3NN4B00DA4N8EA97TX&th=1


Computer
Pros
SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-18-2018



"Power Over Ethernet" (PoE) technology provides for network-attached video Web cams that install with a single Cat 5/5e/6/6a cable that transmits both wired Ethernet data and DC power to the Webcam.
For our advice on installing PoE Webcams,
see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/PoE-cam.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and



Most power supplies in Windows and Linux desktop computers conform to or are close to adhering to Intel's ATX and ATX12 computers.
For our advice on replacing ATX.. power supplies,
see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/ATX/ATX-PS.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and



For basic general instructions on how to use a "Windows.. " computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from any other "Windows.." computer,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/1-basics-share-Win.pdf


For step-by-step instructions on how to use a "Windows XP" computer to access files and/or folders that are shared from a "Windows 10" computer,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/2-XP-access-Win10-share.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-07-2018
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
Feb. 24, 2018
and




Most "Windows.." are bundled with all sorts of digital "shovelware" that takes up space on your computer's hard drive and registry.
To remove most of this digital junk,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/removing-unwanted-software.pdf

The "uninstaller" wizards that are bundled with most "Desktop apps" (that "Programs and Features" in the Control Panel utilizes to remove software) leave all sorts of junk in both your Registry and on your C: hard drive.
To do a really clean uninstall of a "desktop app" in Windows.., use the free "Revo Uninstaller Portable" program.

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/RevoUninstallerPortable.pdf


When you are upgrading or installing software programs, the software companies often attempt to surrepticiously sneak unwanted additional software programs and non-optimal settings into your "Windows.." computer. You should "just say no" to these "ride along" changes to your computer, as shown
in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/uninstaller/avoiding-unwanted-software.pdf





Four Seasons
Computer and
Technology Club
in
Beaumont,
California
on
02-13-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-07-2018


Francis Chao

For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 7" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win7UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 10" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win10UpdateFix.pdf


For our advice on how you can fix "Windows Update" in a "Windows 8.1" computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WindowsUpdate/Win8.1UpdateFix.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-27-2018
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-07-2018


Francis Chao

Skype 7.x versus "Skype 8.x" versus "Skype 11":

Skype version 7.x is the original "Desktop app" that many of us have been using since 2005.
Skype version 11.x is the new-fangled "Universal Windows Platform" app that is bundled with all copies of "Windows 10 S".
"Skype 8.x" is a beta that is actually called "Skype for desktop Preview"that Microsoft is beginning to prematurely install by means of "Windows Update".

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype11versus7.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-03-2018


SUSPECTED MALMARE ISSUES?

"Do you want to all walkme.com to use additional storage on your computer?" is not malware.
It is an annoyance that only occurs with Internet Explorer 11.

Something in your computer that keeps trying to send a Web browser to rtb.adservme.com is not malware.
It is a adware which is an annoyance.
Most antivirus/antimalware programs will block the rtb.adservme.com Web site.
It may have been a malicious Web site in the past.
However, our test with a secure virtual machine indicated that it is a non-existent subdomain Web site of the legitimate adservme.com Web site.

"Critical Firefox Update" is malware with an unknown payload(s).
Mozilla's advice for expunging the problem
is located at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no




Testing Malware and Malware Defenses:

Do not use a production computer.

Make a throwaway copy of a virtual machine that has the same operating system as your production computer.

Use this throwaway virtual machine for your testing of the suspected malware

Disconnect the default virtual "Network Address Translation" router from the test virtual machine.

Attach a USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to your real, host computer.

Connect the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter to the less secure "DMZ" router in a two or three router network configuration.

Start the test virtual machine.

Connect the test virtual machine to the USB Gigabit Ethernet or Wi-Fi network adapter.

Play the devils advocate and launch the malware or the suspected malevolent Web site.

See if the computer gets infected.

If the computer gets infected, see if you can remove the infection with online scanners listed at
"How do I get rid of malware?"
at
https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/troubleshoot-firefox-issues-caused-malware?cache=no




Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a Two-Router "DMZ" Configuration At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-01-2017
and
04-05-2017


Francis Chao

00-Client Hyper-V: Basics and Overview
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/00-Hyper-V-basics.pdf

01-Client Hyper-V: Installing the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Program
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/01-InstallingHyper-V.pdf

02-Client Hyper-V: Installing "Windows 10" Enterprise Evaluation" into a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/02-InstallingWin10EEintoHV.pdf

03-Client Hyper-V: Using "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" As a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/03-UsingWin10EEinVMinHV.pdf

04-Client Hyper-V: Nesting Virtual Machines
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/04-NestingHyper-V.pdf




"Generation 1" virtual machines running inside Hyper-V have a virtual motherboard that has a virtual legacy BIOS chip.
"Generation 2" virtual machines running inside Hyper-V have a virtual motherboard that has a virtual UEFI chip.

For an explanation of the difference between a legacy BIOS chip and and a UEFI chip,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf




Avoiding "Automatically Start" Problems When Using "Hyper-V" to Run Virtual Machines
in "Windows 8.x and 10.."





Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf


To extend the trial duration of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" for a second 90-day time span,:
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/extendingwin10eval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Brookdale Computer
Users Group

on
10-26-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-04-2017

Francis Chao


INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES




USING MICROSOFT SOFTWARE TRIALS FOR FREE:

Microsoft offers you free, time-limited virtual machines of all of their "Windows.." desktop operating systems from "Windows XP" to "Windows 8.1"for you to download at
http://modern.ie




INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES TO SAVE YOURSELF AND/OR YOUR ORGANIZATION MONEY, SPACE, AND TIME




A Comparison of Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For "Windows.." Host Computers:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/comparison-vm-programs.pdf




Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)




Our detailed notes and advice about virtual machines can be found at

https://app.box.com/s/x995kk1rbgv5cxrj3o3v

We have information about the following topics:
"VMware Player", "Oracle VM VirtualBox", "Hyper-V", "Windows Virtual PC", "Microsoft Virtual PC 2007", Virtual Networks Provided by Virtual Machine Programs, Physical to Virtual (p2v), Virtual to Virtual (v2v), Firewire Devices, Printservers, etc.



General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013


Francis Chao


PROTECT YOURSELF FROM IDENTITY THEFT:

Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Protecting_Yourself_Yourself_SecurityVTC_Taylour.pdf

A YouTube video of Judy Taylour's presentation
is available at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTEw307D2uo

Hewie Poplock's presentation
is available at
http://apcug2.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/ID_Theft_How_to_Avoid_It_HewiePoplock_SecurityVTC.pdf

The United States' Federal government information resource for identity theft is located at https://www.usa.gov/identity-theft




Data Breaches-A Recurring Cybersecurity Problem

Data breaches occur in large and small sizes:
A large data breach means the private data for millions of people are obtained.
A small data breach means that the private data for one or a few or a few hundred people are obtained.

See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_breach



DEALING WITH THE EQUIFAX DATA BREACH OF 2017:

Equifax's analysis Tool to see if you might be affected by their security breaches
is located at
https://trustedidpremier.com/eligibility/eligibility.html

About half of the people in the United States will test positive at the above Web site!!





Security Lapses of Email Providers:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-security-lapses.pdf


Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/email/email-suspicious.pdf


To check out suspicious buttons and hyperlinks at Web sites and in email
to see the URL that the button or hyperlink is trying to take you to.
You might have to turn on the bottom status bar
and/or maximize the browser or email Window in order to see the bottom status bar.
Use the "Task Manager" in "Windows.." to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display by either pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc or right-clicking on unused space on the Task Bar and then selecting "Task Manager".

Use the "Force Quit" function in MacOS by pressing
Command + Option + Esc
in MacOS to close down a stuck or suspicious browser display.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017
and
04-05-2017


Francis Chao


RESOLVING SOUND "PLAYBACK" ISSUES IN "WINDOWS.."

"Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", "Windows 7", and "Windows Vista" computers
have many sound-enabled devices that automatically re-configure themselves as "default"
when you do not want them to do so.
Our explanation of how you can tame this "beast"
is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-sound.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017


Francis Chao

"Windows 10 S"
was released on July 26, 2017.
"Windows 10 S" is a super-light, super-fast edition of "Windows 10.." but it is very limited in features.
In order to run "Windows 10 S" as an end user", you can either
buy a new Microsoft "Surface Laptop"
or you can downgrade an existing "Windows 10 Pro" computer or an existing "Windows 10 Pro" virtual machine.
For details,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Win10/Win10S-downgrade.pdf

Even though "Skype 11" has been around for about 4 years, it is still very beta in behavior so we still do not recommend the use of it for a lot of reasons. Despite Microsoft's documentation to the contrary, "Skype 7" runs fine in "Windows 10" and we will continue using it until some of the problems in "Skype 11" are resolved.

Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-06-2017
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-26-2017


Francis Chao

Email Basics

Email--Advanced Techniques

"Google Takeout" Website Allows You to Download All of Your Gmail Into a Single Mbox File

Client Email Programs--UWP Apps versus Legacy Programs

Email--Verizon's Acquisitions of AOL and Yahoo!Mail

Security Lapses of Email Providers

Accessing Apple's iCloud Email from an Email Client Program Inside a "Windows.." Computer

Accessing "Yahoo!Mail" from a Email Client Program Inside A "Windows.." Computer

Saving Email Locally On The Hard Drive of Your Computer

"Litmus Email Analytics" Gathers Market Share Usage Statistics For End-user Software, End-user Hardware, and Email Providers

Server Farms of Email Service Providers

Sending an email to a cell phone via SMS or MMS

Identifying and Managing Suspicious Email Messages


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-26-2017
and
Main
Meeting
of the
North
Orange
County
Computer Club

on
08-06-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
08-02-2017


Francis Chao

For our advice on how you can silence your noisy computer,
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-noise/computer-noise.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
05-27-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-07-2017


Francis Chao

Senate Joint Resolution 34

On April 3, 2017, President Trump signed Senate Joint Resolution 34 to repeal some Internet privacy regulations for Internet Service Providers that had previously been proposed by the Federal Communications Commission back on December 2, 2017.

The net result of this new law is to permit Internet Service Providers to monitor and sell information on the activities of their customers.

At the present time, no Internet Service Providers are openly engaging in these activities.

Comcast claims that they will never do so.

The intentions of other Internet Service Providers are not known.




Free VPN Service from "Opera Software"

("VPN" = "Virtual Private Network")

You can get free, unlimited VPN service by using the
"Opera" Web browser.
Their VPN service is provided without requiring you to get an account from either the Opera company or their "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary.
The "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software" is the provider of the VPN service that is bundled into the "Opera developer 41.0" program.
To use this amazing free service,
go to
http://www.opera.com
Then, click on the "Download now" button to download the "OperaSetup.exe" file.
Then double-click on the "OperaSetup.exe" file to start the installation process.
Locate the "Opera" icon on the Windows desktop and double-click on it.
Click on the "Opera" icon in the upper-right corner of the "Opera" window.
Click on "Settings" in the pop-up utlity menu.
Click on "Privacy & security".
Place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable VPN".
Click on the orange "VPN" icon that is located to the left of the URL address box.
Click on the drop down list button that is to the right of "Optimal location".
Select the location of the VPN server that you wish to connect to.
As long as the "VPN" icon stays blue, any Web sites that you visit with the "Opera developer" browser will be secured by the VPN connection between your computer and the VPN server that is provided by "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software".
However, any Internet downloads and uploads that you perform with other Web browser programs, FTP client programs, and command line utilties such as FTP, ping, etc. will not be protected by Opera's free VPN service, since their free VPN service is a bundled part of the "Opera developer" browser.




Advantages and Disadvantages of the "Opera" Web browser:

1. Free, bundled VPN does not require a user log-in = No data gathering for advertisers.

2. Free VPN feature does not protect activities outside of the Opera Web browser such as other Web browsers, FTP access, etc.

3. Can block ads but the bundled ad blocker breaks parts of some Web sites.

For Web sites such as http://gocomics.com, it works wonderfully and makes the Web site easier to use.
For other Web sites such as some of the photo albums at http://cnn.com, the Opera Web browser causes various buttons and features to fail.

4. "Turbo" feature can speed up Web browsing but is not compatible with the free VPN feature.



Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
anda
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016

Francis Chao

The computer industry's "elegant solution" to secure remote access is called
"Virtual Private Network" (VPN).

Almost every medium-to-large sized company, government entity, and not-for-profit institution including educational institutions uses VPNs to provide employees, students, and contractors with remote access to their internal and cloud-based computer resources.

VPNs were originally intended to provide secure remote access into local area network resources such as servers, printers, and mainframes.

This technology has been adapted for private computer users as
"VPN services":

"VPN services" give you an extra measure of security by protecting you from the more common hacks such as "man in the middle" spying, "Evil Twin" wireless access points, and WiFi over-the-air recordings with free tools such as "WireShark".

"VPN services" reduce most of the risk of using public Internet access by encrypting the near end of the Internet connection--where you first connect to a public Internet service.

However, with the exception of the VPN that is part of the "Opera 40" Web browser, all "VPN services" reduce data throughput relative to what a "raw" Internet connection is capable of.

The terms "VPNs" and "VPN Services" are often used interchangeably so you have to figure out from the context in which these terms to determine whether someone means the original VPN (which is a secure remote connection into a Local Area Network" and a "VPN Service" (which is a secure remote connection into the Internet which uses a local area network as an intermediary).




Using Virtual Private Network (VPN) Services
For Secure Public Internet Access And To Block Future Privacy Intrusions by Internet Providers


Using the Free Version of the "Opera" Browser For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "Hotspot Shield" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "TunnelBear" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "VPNReactor" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access

Fixing Internet Connections When Using "VPN Services"




Web Sites For Testing Virtual Private Network Services:

http://whatismyipaddress.com/

http://www.ip2location.com/

http://www.tracemyip.org/

http://showip.net/

http://www.iplocationfinder.com/

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/

https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2




Using VPN Services As Temporary Workarounds For Slow Broadband Internet Access:

Sometimes you can use free VPN services as a temporary workaround for download and upload slowdowns in broadband Internet access: For example, Comcast cable modem Internet in the Tucson area was very slow on Friday August 9, 2013 through Saturday August 10 with download and upload speeds so slow that they are unmeasurable (as measured at http://speedtest.net at their Los Angeles server and http://pcpitstop.com/internet/bw.asp using their Dallas, Texas server).
When we used the free version of "Hotspot Shield", we obtained Internet download speeds above 20 Megabits per second and upload speeds above 1.5 Megabits per second (via our Comcast cable modems).


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-03-2017
and
10-05-2016
and
06-05-2013
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
09-27-2014

Francis Chao



World Maps that show in real time the light, dark, and twilight zones of the world are available as standalone programs and from various Web sites.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/clocks/geoclocks/geoclock_map.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

A YouTube Video of the February 11, 2017 version of the above presentation
is available at
https://youtu.be/AbNTOcvkBNA





More-advanced techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use can be found
at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier2.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
02-25-2017
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 23
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
02-11-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-01-2015


Francis Chao


USB 3.1 versus USB 2 versus SATA versus eSATA:


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
02-01-2017 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao


Powershell in Windows..




Hard Drive Utilities





Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Restart now". (It is in the "Advanced startup" section.)
Clock on the Troubleshoot" button.
Click on the "Advanced options" button.
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings" button.
Click on the "Restart" button.




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-28-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao

Maintaining and Repairing Hard Drives for "Windows.." Computers:

When confronted with hard drive problems, you should perform low-risk, less invasive procedures first, followed by increasingly aggressive, higher risk procedures. As you perform these increasingly invasive procedures, you will either repair the hard drive and return it to service or at some point youj will decide that it is beyond economical repair:

Always Click on "Cancel" when an "Initialize Disk" box pops up
(unless you have just attached an unformatted hard drive or USB flash drive device to your computer)


Maintenance and Repair Strategy

"Error-checking" in "Windows.." to Resolve Bad Clusters

"Soft Repairs" with Utilities in Linux

Data Recovery with Utilities in Linux




Recovering Data Files From Failed Hard Drives:

If the above procedures fail to restore the hard drive and the hard drive has data that you or the end-user deem worth spending one to five thousand dollars to recover, you can obtain professional data recovery assistance which is the most expensive option for recovering data files from a failed hard drives. This data recovery option involves the shipping of the hard drive to a clean room operation where they open it up, read each platter in specialized equipment. Then they use their proprietary computers to reconstruct the data files on the hard drive. Then they ship the recovered data back to you on external hard drives or DVD-R discs. See:

Surviving a home data disaster: How Shirley got her files back
and
Driversavers, a cleanroom service for recovering data from failed hard drives
Our member Harry Elver can can provide you with the "Drivesavers" services at a discount!
See also http://www.repairtucsoncomputer.com/data-recovery-tucson/data-recovery-tucson.html
and
http://www.datarecovery.net/
and
Arizona Data Recovery

Differing Capabilities of Different Distros of Linux

Repairing a Corrupted Recycle Bin in "Windows.."




Radical "Surgery" to Extend the Life of Failed Hard Drives:

If you are unable to recover the data files from a failed hard drive and it's platters are still spinning, you can usually use "Disk Management" in "Windows" to create partitions to "block out" the bad sections of the hard drive, in order to extend the userful life of the hard drive. See
Perform Radical Surgery on a Hard Drive in Order to Extend Its Useful Service Life



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 1-The Basics"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part1.pdf

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 2-Using Bootable Devices"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part2.pdf




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 22
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
11-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
12-19-2015


Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
Computer Management in "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-management/computer-management.pdf




Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

"Speeding Up Windows XP"

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"

"Speeding Up Windows 7"

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"

Speeding Up Windows 10"

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"




The advantages of "Physical Address Extension" are explained at

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366796(v=vs.85).aspx




Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."




Benchmarking "Windows.." Computers for Free




Remove The Unwanted Blue Highlight from Desktop Icon Text in Windows XP


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao

Seat belt extenders can be used to secure objects in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle.
See
http://actcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/seat-belt-extenders/seat-belt-extenders.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao


Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




The network industry's elegant, rigorous solution to protecting a local area network from internal and external intrusion is to use network appliances and routers in a "DMZ" configureation:

Secure Web Access At Your Home or Business
By Using A "VMware" Virtual Machine
And a Two-Router "De-Militarized Zone" (DMZ)





Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
09-24-2016
on
09-27-2014
and
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

Our how-to document on
Using "Storage Spaces"
For Mirroring of Hard Drives
and
Offline Archival Storage
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/StorageSpaces/StorageSpaces-mirroring-etc.pdf

Using "Storage Spaces For Real-Time Mirroring of Two Hard Drives in "Windows 8.."

Storage Spaces" Successes and Failures

Replacing A Hard Drive In A Two-Way-Mirrored "Storage Space"

Using "Storage Spaces" For Backing Up and Moving Your Data Files

Using "Storage Spaces" With External Hard Drive Enclosures

Fixing "Storage Spaces"


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
05-23-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-17-2013


Francis Chao

USB 3 versus USB 2 versus eSATA

Problems with USB 2 Devices Attached to USB 3 Ports

Testing USB Ports, Cables, and Devices

USB 3 Adapters For Adding USB Ports To An Existing Computer

Struggles With Installing USB 3 Adapters






File Sharing--An Overview

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 1

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 2

File Sharing from "Windows.." to Mac OSX and Linux

My demonstration of homegroups for sharing files
between two "Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit" virtual machines
can be viewed at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wgLn64KJ-Q


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-06-2015
and
General Meeting
of
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
10-25-2011


Francis Chao

Building a Controlled-Temperature Box with Equipment Redundancy
and Uninterruptible AC Power


Off-the-shelf thermostats are good at maintaining building HVAC (heating-ventilation-air conditioning) systems at a controlled ambient temperature of 50 to 90 degrees Farenheit.

Portable cooler/heater devices generally either cool or heat to about 40 degrees below or above the ambient temperature.

Interconnecting the two devices results in a reliable, energy-efficient means of storing medications and cosmetics that are temperature-sensitive.

Our detailed case study on building a controlled-temperature box
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes//winhardsig/temperature_controls/controlled_temperature_box.pdf




future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Our how-to advice on
Creating Custom "Start Menu" Items in "Windows 10"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-custom-start-menu-items.pdf




Using a Time-limited Trial of "Windows 10" for Free:

There are two ways to try "Windows 10" for free:
Method 1: Run the "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
and
Method 2: Run a copy of "Windows 10" that is not activated.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-trial.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf




"Windows 10" activation is way different from any previous "Windows.." product !!
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-activation.pdf

If you use a purchased "Windows 10 product key", you get a "Product Key" activation.
If you use a Windows 7 or 8 or 8.1 product key, you get a "Digital License".
Both methods of activation store the UUID of your computer's motherboard up in Microsoft's activation servers.

If you link your Microsoft Account to your Windows account, you get the ability to use the "Activation Troubleshooter" in "Windows 10" to activate after changing out your computer's motherboard.
However, you then have to log into "Windows 10" with your "Microsoft Account".
If you go back to logging into "Windows 10" with a "Local Account", you lose your ability to use the "Windows 10 Activation Troubleshooter" to change your computer's motherboard.

If you activate "Windows 10" with a purchased "Windows 10 Product Key" and then you replace the hard drive but keep the same motherboard, you can do a "fresh install" with an Installation Media DVD or USB thumb drive. During the "fresh install" process, you can either "Skip activation" or enter in your purchased "Windows 10 Product Key". If you enter in your "Windows 10 Product Key", your "fresh install" will have a "Product Key" license. If you "Skip activation", your "fresh install" will have a "Digital License".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 3--
"Multimedia over Coax Alliance" (MoCA)
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/extending/extending-part3.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 2--
Wi-Fi Range Extenders
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-vs-WiFi-extender.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 1--The Basics

Presentation slides and "how to" document in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format

.WMA Video
of the on-site presentation
to the "Windows Users Computer User Group"
of Irvine, California on March 22, 2014





Powerline networking has now reached parity with "Gigabit Ethernet" data transmission speeds.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline.pdf

Our experiences with specific models of powerline networking equipment
made by Trendnet, D-Link, and Zycel
are described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-experiences.pdf



For advice on using routers with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" ("WISP") capability,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-WISP.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-30-2016
and
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao


Windows 10 Retail Pricing
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-retail.pdf




"Windows 10" Activation
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-activation.pdf



For "Windows 10..", the "activation" process has dramatically changed relative to prior versions of "Windows..":
For details, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/windows-activation.pdf




"Speeding Up Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-12-2016
and
Meeting
of the
California
Southland
Chapter
of the
Association
of
Information
Technology
Professionals

(AITP)
on
10-28-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao

For a general overview of free software and services from the Internet, please see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/free-software-services.pdf



Meeting
of the
Pikes Peak
Computer
Application
Society

on
07-02-2016
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Free Software-Based Virtual Timers and Alarm Clocks For "Windows..":

PC Chrono is the best virtual clock, timer, and stopwatch that we have tested. It does not have an alarm clock function. "PC Chrono" only runs when your computer is powered on.

Free Alarm Clock 4 is the best virtual alarm clock that we have tested. It does not have timer or stopwatch functions:
"Free Alarm Clock 3.1" can trigger an alarm even if your computer is in a sleep state. After you aknowledge the alarm with a mouse click, it then puts your computer back to its original sleep state.
"Free Alarm Clock 4.1" is unable to wake up a computer from the "Hibernate" state: If you want it to wake up your computer from a "sleep" state, set your active "Power Profile" to prevent "sleep" from being converted to "hibernate".


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on 04-12-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Sample data files for testing office suite software:

samples-TCS.zip contains sample .doc, .docx, .xls, .XLSx, .ppt, and .pptx files

samples-Final.zip from OpenXMLDeveloper.org

sample_doc.file.doc

passworded_sample_doc.file.doc
(The password for opening this file is "password". This file was created with "Microsoft Word 2002 SP3").

sample Powerpoint ppt file

sample Powerpoint PPSX slide show file


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011

Paul Scott

Free Antivirus Programs:

The best free antivirus programs for "Windows.." computers are
"FortiClient" and "Avast! Free Antivirus"

The best free antivirus programs for Mac "OS X" computers are
"Avast! Free Antivirus" and "Sophos"

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/antivirus-compare.pdf
for more details and advice about free antivirus programs.

For advice specific to the free "FortiClient Endpoint Protection" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/FortiClient.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avast! Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avast.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avira Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avira.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Comodo Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Comodo.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
10-27-2014

Francis Chao

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception
of
ATSC television
(="Cord Cutting")

is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf




iView's "Digital Converter Box" (model 3200STB)
is an ATSC tuner that sells for approximately $30.
To use it as a television set, you have to attach it to the following additional equipment:
An over-the-air VHF/UHF antenna,
a computer monitor that has a HDMI jack,
and a pair of computer speakers.

For details, see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/iView_tuner.pdf




Signal Sources for Your Real or Virtual Television Set:-

ATSC reception over-the-air,
clear QAM from a cable TV provider,
and/or
encrypted QAM from a cable TV provider





TV Inside your "Windows.." or "OS X" MAC Computer

TV Inside Your "Ubuntu" or "Linux Mint" Linux Computer



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-02-2013

Francis Chao

Macs Versus "Windows.." Computers:

For an explanation of how Mac "OS X" computers differ from "Windows.." computers, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/OSXvsWindows.pdf:

Basic Differences Between Macs and PCs
Models of Macs
Pricing of Macs
User Interface of Macs
Two Ways To Run "Windows.." Inside Macs




Making a "Mac mini" More Portable:

For an explanation of you can make a "Mac mini" computer easier to travel with, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/Mac-mini.pdf:

A "Mac mini" is usually used as a desktop computer. However, by adding a few accessories to it, a "Mac mini" can travel well with you. When you travel with it, your "Mac mini" can be used as your main portable computer or as a backup for your existing laptop computer.



General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
04-12-2016




Francis Chao

Our how-to document
on
"Using the Task Manager in a Windows Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Task_Manager/Task_Manager.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 20
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-07-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
11-28-2015


Francis Chao

EXTERNAL STORAGE: USING THE CLOUD
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/cloudstorage/comparison.pdf


General Meeting
of the
Sun City
Shadow Hills
Computer Club

on
03-04-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-08-2016


Francis Chao

Our overview on
Connecting Your PC to a TV
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV.pdf

An online article with basic advice on configuring both ends of a PC to TV hookup
is available at
http://www.expertreviews.co.uk/tvs-entertainment/
1404361/how-to-connect-a-laptop-to-a-tv-hdmi-vga-
overscan-problems-and-more


Our advice on connecting a TV to a PC so that the PC acts as a wired monitor
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wired.pdf

Our advice on wirelessly connecting a TV to a PC
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wireless.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
02-27-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Our how-to documentation
on
"Moving Your Monitor-Keyboard-Mouse Farther Away From Your Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Redmere/redmere-etc.pdf




USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devides such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives and USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, you will have to determine if a specific model works with a USB 3 extersion cable.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you will be unable to use a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive or a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive enclosure at the far end of a USB 3 extension cable.
Your only option will then be to attach the USB 3 external hard drive or USB 3 external hard drive enclosure with a shorter USB 3 cable physically nearer to your computer.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Connecting your Computer to a TV (or to a monitor that has an HDMI jack):
HDMI,
Wireless HDMI,
Chromecast,
and
"EZCast".

These technologies are described and compared in our presentation slides at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/wireless_tech.pdf

A Youtube video of the August 15, 2015 version of this presentation can be viewed at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVl9gC5oVt8&feature=youtu.be)




For details about "wireless HDMI", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/wireless_HDMI.pdf

For details about "EZCast" see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/EZCast.pdf

For details about "Chromecast", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/Chromecast.pdf
"Chromecast" is totally-dependent on an external wireless WiFi router that does NOT have "wireless isolation" turned on.
"Wireless isolation" is also known as "AP isolation" and "Access Point isolation".
All home-type routers default to having "wireless isolation" disabled. All public WiFi Internet have "wireless isolation" turned on.
To stream Internet-based video and audio using public WiFi Internet, you have to have a separate "travel router" with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" capability.

For detaila about the Actiontec "ScreenBeam Kit", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/Actiontec_ScreenBeam.pdf



"Virtual
Technology
Conference 16
"
of
APCUG
on
08-15-2015
and
Southwest
Technology &
Computer
Conference
2015

on
06-13-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-03-2015
and
future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California


Francis Chao

Testing whether your cable modem, router, and broadband connection is "IP version 6" capable:

There are two online Internet-based tests:
Test 1:
http://test-ipv6.com/
which is explained at
https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/internet-protocol-version-6-ipv6-consumers
and
Test 2:
http://testmyipv6.com/
which is explained at
http://www.howtogeek.com/175566/htg-explains-are-you-using-ipv6-yet-should-you-even-care/

The percentage of "IP version 6" deployment by various broadband Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
can be found at
http://www.worldipv6launch.org/measurements/

To determine which Internet Service Provider you are using
and it's "Autonomous System Number" (= "ASN" = wide area network number):
go to
http://www.whatismyasn.org/

To look up the Internet Service Provider than belongs to a specific "Autonomous System Number":
go to
http://mxtoolbox.com/asn.aspx


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Using Webcams to Spy on Something
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/webcams-KEGS.pdf




Surveillance with Wired USB Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance1-usb-webcams.pdf


Surveillance with Wireless Wi-Fi Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance2-WiFi-webcams.pdf



Surveillance with Cloud-Based Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance3-cloud-webcams.pdf




General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle
(KEGS)

on
02-08-2016
and
Virtual Technology Conference 18
of
APCUG
on
11-07-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
11-04-2015


Francis Chao

Struggles With Installing "Windows 10.." Into Computers with "Gigabyte" Motherboards:

If you attempt to upgrade or clean install "Windows 10.." into a computer with a Gigabyte motherboard, you might end up with a non-functional boat anchor.
This has happened for about 25 percent of our attempts to install "Windows 10.." into a computer with a "Gigabyte" motherboard.
Despite several discussion group posts telling you to flash the BIOS with a later version of firmware, flashing the UEFI/BIOS firmware of the motherboard does not resolve this problem.

Here is what you need to do to get "Windows 10" installed into a recalcitant Gigabyte motherboard:
Go to the "Support" section of http://gigabyte.com
Locate the drivers for your exact model of Gigabyte motherboard.
Select "Windows 10" for "OS".
Download and unzip the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver".
Place the unzipped folder than contains the drivers onto a USB flash drive.
Insert the USB flash drive into a USB 2 or USB 3 port of the computer. Use Microsoft's "Media Creation Tool" for "Windows 10.." to create an installation DVD disc for "Windows 10..".
Use the installation DVD disc to boot up your computer.
When the "Press any key to boot up from CD or DVD...." message is displayed, press any key on the keyboard.
When the installation wizard gives you a "Load drivers" icon, click on it.
Browse to the USB flash drive and click on the folder that contains the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver" to install the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver".
Then continue on with the installation of "Windows 10..".

The following Web page only refers to problems with installing "Windows 10.." into solid state drives (SSDs). However, the advice offered there by the Microsoft employee is also applicable to problems with installing "Windows 10" into regular hard drives attached to computers with Gigabyte motherboards:
https://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/018fc785-e6a7-451a-8883-def170874ac8/trouble-installing-win-10-on-ssd?forum=WinPreview2014Setup



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-06-2016




Francis Chao

Windows 10: The Good and the Bad
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-good-bad.pdf


Email in Windows 10
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-email.pdf





General Meetings
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and on
09-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao
and
Rick Rolland

REMOVING MALWARE FROM A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER

Our high-level explanation of malware removal is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/malware.pdf




Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders to make sure than your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

Francis Chao

"RANSOMWARE" MALWARE REMOVAL

"Ransomware" is malware that takes over your computer or part of your computer and offers to give you back access to it when you pay a ransom fee. In a "Windows.." computer, some of the more benign variants of "ransomware" can be removed by booting up the computer in "Safe Mode".

The more sophisicated instances of "ransomware" can only be removed by booting up with a free bootable "rescue media" CD-R disc, DVD-R disc, or USB flash drive.
For details about removing "ransomware" see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/ransomware.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015

Francis Chao

A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Using the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure To Remove the First Version of the "FBI PC Lock Ransomware"

Another Example of the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure

Removal of "Win32/WinMaximizer" Malware from a "Windows 7.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-02-2013


Harry Elver



http://www.txtdrop.com/
can often send text messages to the email addresses of cell phones when your regular email service is unable to do so.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

WORKAROUND FOR UPDATING FIRMWARE AND MAPS IN "GARMIN" GPS DEVICES

Garmin's GPS devices are some of best that are available. However, the two software utilities that they provide for updating the firmware and maps in their devices are problematic:

"Garmin Express" software fails to install map and firmware updates when it is run by itself. After you run this program, it tells you to attach your Garmin GPS device to your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer by means of a USB cable. After you do so, all map and firmware updates fail to complete.

Garmin's "WebUpdater" software is able to install firmware upgrades for a Garmin GPS device. However, it does not have the ability to install map updates.

In order to install both firmware updates and map updates into a Garmin GPS device, you have to use both "Webupdater" to update the device's firmware. Then, you can use "Garmin Express" to update the device's maps.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GPS/Garmin-problems.pdf


Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

INSTALLING AND RUNNING "WINDOWS.." AND LINUX.. OPERATING SYSTEMS INTO "VIRTUAL MACHINES" THAT HAVE A VIRTUAL "UEFI" WITH "SECURE BOOT" ENABLED


Since August of 2012, all "Windows 8", all "Windows 8.1", and all "Windows 10" computers that are sold at retail
AND that display the "Windows 8" logo, or the "Windows 8.1" logo, or the "Windows 10" logo,
must boot up with a "UEFI" with Secure Boot" enabled instead of the legacy "Basic Input/Output System" ("BIOS")
"UEFI" stands for "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface".
"UEFI" replaces the "BIOS" that has resided as firmware inside "..DOS" and "..Windows.." computers since the early 1980's.

In order to accurately and rigorously use a virtual machine to simulate a current desktop or laptop "Windows.." or "Linux.." computer, you have to use a virtual machine program that provides a virtual "UEFI" with a virtual "Secure Boot" capability in "enabled" status. At the present time, the only virtual machine program that can provide a virtual machine with a virtual UEFI with Secure Boot enabled
for distros of Linux that support "Secure Boot"
is the bundled Hyper-V program running inside
a "Windows 10 Pro 64-bit" host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Enterprise 64-bit" host computer.

For step-by-step details, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/SecureBoot/SecureBoot-basics.pdf



Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-07-2015


Francis Chao

Installing a PCie-type Controller Into a "Windows.." Computers:

You can procure and install a PCIe-type USB 3 controller card to add USB 3 ports to either a "Windows.." computer that does not have any USB 3 ports or to add more USB 3 ports to a "Windows.." computer.
However, you might have a protracted struggle to find a make and model of USB 3 controller card that works for a specific "Windows.." computer.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB3-adapters.pdf



Detecting and Predicting Failures of "USB 3" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows.." Computers:

Unlike "USB 2", "USB 3" does not have any cable length specifications.
You can buy "USB 3" cables and "USB 3" extension cables with lengths from 6 inches up to 16 feet and it is up to you to determine if a particular "USB 3" device will work right with a specific total length of "USB 3" cable.
As you increase the total cable length between the attached "USB 3" port and a "USB 3" device, you will start incurring data errors.
At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will fail to operate reliably. At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will not work at all.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be only 2 feet.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be as much as 9 feet.
This means that cable lengths that exceed a total of 9 feet will only work for legacy "USB 2" devices.
This also means that longer cable lengths will cause the chipsets that power USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices will sometimes heat up because of the requirement of re-transmissions as data error rates increase. If you are having problems with a specific "USB 3" devices, you have to do some trial-and-error with different total cable lengths and different "USB 3" ports in order to resolve the problem.

You can use the free "USBTreeView" program to troubleshoot slowdowns and failures of USB 3 devices that are attached to a "Windows.." computer.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting slowdowns in USB ports.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0", a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you can "head off" the problem by gracefully ejecting the USB 3 devices.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

Workarounds For Failures of "USB 2" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows..", Mac "OS X", or Linux Computers:

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB2toUSB3problems.pdf

Despite claims to the contrary by the "USB Implementers Forum" and USB device manufacturers, there are occasional compatibility problems between USB 2 devices and USB 3 ports:
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached with USB cables longer than 5 feet in length.
The simple workaround for this annoyance is to attach USB 2 devices with USB cables that are shorter than 5 feet in length.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached to a USB 3 port, irrespective of the length of the cable that is utilized.
The simple (but somewhat costly) workaround is to attach the problematic USB 2 devices to a USB 3 hub which is then attached to a USB 3 port.



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

Using "Skype" As a "NannyCam":

If you wish to dial in remotely to look in on a live "Webcam" at your home or business:

Step 1: Get a second "Skype" account (for your child, your cat, or your dog!)

Step 2: Use this second "Skype" account to set up "Skype" to do the following:

"Answer incoming calls automatically
and
Start my video automatically when I am in a call
and
"Start Skype when I start Windows"

Step 3: Set your active "Power Options" profile so that your computer does not go into "Sleep" or "Hibernate".

Now, you can use Skype to access your live "Webcam" using a computer, tablet, or some cell phones from anywhere in the world.

See:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HaYeI_NX3po
and
http://www.instructables.com/id/Remote-Security-w-Skype/
and
http://www.amperordirect.com/pc/r-skype-voip/z-reference-skype-security.html
and
http://www.supertintin.com/blog/skype-recorder/skype-cctv-using-skype-for-your-home-surveillance
and
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-set-up-147nannycam148-surveillance-with-sky.html
and
http://nanny-cam-review.toptenreviews.com/using-skype-as-a-babysitter-camera.html


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

RAILROAD TECHNOLOGY: OVERVIEW AND HISTORY

Presentation files in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3pdf

Presentation files in PowerPoint .PPT format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3.ppt


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-01-2014


Ken Sandock


Virtual Networks in Virtual Machine Programs



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
11-21-2011
and
Beta Virtual Conference
hosted online by APCUG
on
11-12-2011


Francis Chao


The "Boot Camp" capability of Mac "OS X" lets you dual boot between "OS X" and "Windows..".
When you select to boot up "Windows.." in a Mac, it becomes a full-fledged "Windows.." computer with the help of drivers from Apple's "Boot Camp Support Software" that you can download and install inside the "Windows.." operating system.

Our "how to" for installing the free, time-limited versions of "Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 7" into a "Boot Camp" partition of a Mac can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/bootcamp/win-BootCamp.pdf




Microsoft is still offering free, time-limited trial copies of "Windows 8.1..", and "Windows 10.." for you to try.

This gives you a chance to test and evaluate the current versions of "Windows.." with your existing hardware and software:

The free versions of "Windows 10" and "Windows 8.1" give you a great free way to create a "throwaway" computer inside a clonable "virtual machine". If you then use isolate the "throwaway virtual machine" from your real, host computer and/or other computers on your local network, you then have a secure way to access the Internet.

Also, the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" and the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" have a "Windows To Go" applet inside the "Control Panel". This means that you can make an external USB hard drive into a "Windows To Go Workspace" that can be used to non-destructively boot up any Intel- or AMD- computer that is capable of running "Windows 10.." or "Windows 8.1..". When you use a "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive to boot up a computer, the existing internal hard drive(s) of the computer are untouched and inaccessible to the "Windows 10 Enterprise.." or "Windows 8.1 Enterprise.." operating system that is running from the external hard drive.

The configuration of an "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive being used to non-destructively boot up an existing computer is shown at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/WTG-demo.pdf

Our detailed instructions for using the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation" can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/win8.1enteval.pdf



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and<
04-12-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-06-2013


Francis Chao

Transitioning Between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10":

There are important differences between "Windows XP", "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1".
To help you make your leap from one version of Windows to another, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/transition-XP-7-8-8.1-10.pdf




For step-by-step pictorial instructions for creating three "Taskbar toolbars" as a workaround replacement for the missing "Start Button" in "Windows 8.1", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8/TaskbarToolbars-StartButton.pdf




If you are still using "Windows XP" and you are about to make a leap to a more modern version of "Windows..", there are a few things that you need to know about the changes that Microsoft made for all versions of "Windows.." after "Windows XP":

For a short description of the differences between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10", see


http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/beyondWinXP.pdf




For a more-detailed comparison between "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/comparison-W7-W8.1-W10.pdf

See also
YouTube Video on 02-22-2014
and
***Text Chat Log on 02-22-2014


"Computer Friends"
Club
at the
Oasis Senior Center
of
Newport Beach

on
09-10-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on 04-02-2014
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
03-25-2014
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle

on
03-10-2014
and
"Virtual Technology
Conference 10
"
of
APCUG
on
02-22-2014


Francis Chao

hwinfo32 and hwinfo64

are free diagnostic programs for hardware problems in Windows... Their impressive history can be seen at
http://www.hwinfo.com/txt/History3264.txt


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-03-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014

George Harding


REMOTE DESKTOP CONNECTION:

You can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to operate your "Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", or "Windows 7" computer from another computer or tablet.

The "Windows.." computer that is being controlled is usually called the "host computer" or the "remote computer".
The computer that you are using to access the "host computer" is usually called the "client computer".

"Client computer" --------------------------------> "Host computer"

o For example, if you have Hauppauge's "WinTV" software and one of their USB television tuners running in your "Windows.." computer, you can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to view "WinTV" from a Windows.. laptop, your Android tablet or your iPad.

o For a Windows laptop, desktop, or tablet, you can start "Remote Desktop Connecton" by running mstsc.exe from inside a "Windows Explorer" window, a "File Explorer" window, or an elevated command prompt window.

o For an iPad or iPhone, you can download and install Microsoft's free "Microsoft Remote Desktop" software from the Apple Store app.

o For an Android tablet or phone, you can download and Microsoft's free "Remote Desktop Connection" from the "Play Store"

o For a Mac OS X computer, you can download and install the free "Microsoft Remote Desktop Connection Client for Mac" software from the Apple Store applet.


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR YOUR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:
A COMPARISON OF SLEEP, HYBRID SLEEP, AND HIBERNATE:


See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/energy-mgt/energy-mgt-Wiin.pdf

In addition to helping you control the amount of electricity that your "Windows.." computer uses, the energy management features in your "Windows.." computer let you do partial powerdowns of your computer so that you can re-start exactly where you left off in your open and minimized Web browser windows and in all open and minimized windows of your software programs. These energy management features can dramatically reduce the delays that are caused by multi-tasking between your computer and non-computer activities.



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

FREE SOFTWARE FOR MAKING BACKUP IMAGES AND DOING "BARE METAL RESTORES" FOR FOR THE WINDOWS C: HARD DRIVE:

Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability (Part of the Windows.. operating systems since "Windows 7..") is called "recimg.exe". It is located in the System32 folder inside the Windows folder. To restore a failed hard drive, you would restore using a Windows installation disc OR one of the free installation DVDs for a free evaluation copy of "Windows.."..
Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability works real well in "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1".
However, Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability is "deprecated" : It will not be part of "Windows 9").

"ReDo Backup" (Runs from a bootable Linux LiveCD for both backup and recovery. Backs up both "Windows.." and Linux computers. No updates since 2012.
Works real well for "Windows XP" and "Windows Vista".)

and

"Clonezilla" runs from a bootable Linux LiveCD for both backup and recovery. Can back up and restore most "Windows..", Linux, or Mac "OS X" computers. A bit tricky for backing up and restoring Mac "OS X" computers.
Works real well for "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", and "Windows 7".

The above three software "programs" for backing up hard drives do not have the restrictive "End User License Agreements" ("EULAs") that most of the other free software programs have. In addition to private, in-home, these free software programs can be used in your business, government entity, religious organization, or non-profit organization.


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-04-2014


Francis Chao


Using "Clonezilla" To Back Up The C: Hard Drive of A "Windows.." Computer

Using "Clonezilla" To Restore The C: Hard Drive of A "Windows.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao


Peer-To-Peer WiFi Networking:

If you add an additional WiFi adapter to your "Windows.." computer,
you can use it to perform three functions:
Attaching a wireless printer
and/or
sharing an Internet connection
and/or
sharing files between computers.

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WiFi-peer-to-peer/peer-to-peer-win.pdf



Using "wireless Hosted Network" in "Windows 7", "Windows 8", or "Windows 8.1":

If you already have at least one physical WiFi adapter inside your "Windows 7", "Windows 8", or "Windows 8.1" feature, you can use the bundled "wireless Hosted Network" feature to create a additional but virtual WiFi adapter in your computer. This virtual WiFi adapter can be used for sharing files with other WiFi-enabled computers. tablets, and cell phones. This virtual WiFi adapter can also be used for connecting to a WiFi-capable printer. Finally, you can use this virtual WiFi adapter to create an additional "Wireless Access Point" to extend the range of your existing wireless network.

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WiFi-peer-to-peer/wirelessHostedNetwork.pdf



Future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California

Francis Chao


Resolving VGA Port Problems in "Windows.." Computers

Installing a USB to VGA Adapter For Your "Windows.." Computer





Our anecdotal account of our struggles to use various models of "USB 3-to-VGA" adapters to resolve problems with the uncooperative VGA port on an HP laptop can be found at
www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/VGAport/VGAport-struggles.pdf

Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-12-2014
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao

Making "Windows To Go" Bootable USB Flash Drives and Bootable USB External Hard Disk Drives
for Non-Destructively Booting Up Computers with "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":


For USB 2 or USB 3 external hard drives, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that emulate a hard drive, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that do NOT emulate a hard drive and for USB 2 flash drive devices, do the following from inside a computer that is running any version of "Windows 7", or "Windows 8" or "Windows 10":
Run the diskpart, imagex.exe, and bcdboot commands, as described in

http://arstechnica.com/business/2012/03/ordering-windows-to
-go-how-to-create-a-bootable-windows-8-usb-thumb-drive/

or
http://tweaks.com/windows/52279/how-to-create-a-windows-to-go-usb-drive/
or
http://www.aidanfinn.com/?p=12119

Warning: "Windows To Go" will run much slower in USB 2 flash drives and USB 2 external hard disk drives
compared to USB 3 flash drives and USB 3 external hard disk drives.

Warning: When running "Windows To Go" with "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation", you CANNOT remove the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive while the computer is powered on:
Wait until the computer is totally powered off before pulling out the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
11-06-2013


George Harding

Virtual DVD/CD Drive Inside Your "Windows XP" or "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7" Computer:

USING THE FREE "VIRTUAL CLONEDRIVE" SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR "MOUNTING" .ISO FILE IMAGES OF DVDs AND CDs

"Virtual Clonedrive" is not needed in "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1": For these two new-fangled versions of "Windows..", use your left mouse button to double-click on an .ISO file or a .BIN file to mount it as a virtual CD or DVD inside "File Explorer".

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

George Harding

Temporary Workarounds For Accessing Inaccessible Web Sites
With A Web Browser:


Sometimes you can use free or not-free Virtual Private Network (VPN) services
to tunnel around your broadband Internet provider's router throttling, blockages and slowdowns.
Here in Tucson, Arizona, when our Comcast Cable broadband has slowdowns
in their Pima, Arizona router node,
we have a 70 percent chance of restoring our download and upload speeds
by using the free version of
"Hotspot Shield" to tunnel past this occasionally-problematic router node.

Sometimes when a Website is inaccessible with a Web browser,
we can temporarily access it using the Web site's IP address
instead of its regular URL address, as described in our "how-to" document entitled
Workarounds For Temporary DNS Failures On The World Wide Web.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

George Harding

Email Basics



Email Options in "Windows 8.."


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
08-13-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Free Software and Free Online Storage Space


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
08-07-2013
and
Virtual Technology Conference 8
of
APCUG
on
08-03-2013
and
General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Francis Chao


If your flatbed or sheet-fed scanner does not work in Windows 8,
you might be able to get it working
by disabling the "Windows Image Acquisition" service and process temporarily



General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013


George Harding

Tucson Area Police and Fire Scanners

http://tucson.com/online/multimedia/tucson-com-radio-scanners/html_82940c5a-03df-11df-8899-001cc4c03286.html

https://www.broadcastify.com/listen/mid/68

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/pima-county-arizona-tucson-police-ems-scanner-feed/

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/




Police-scanner sites see surge in traffic after Boston

Will the Boston Bombings Kill the Public Police Scanner?

Why are police scanners open to the public?


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

George Harding

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."



GPS Receiver Inside Your Computer:

GPS RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

GPS RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."





Karaoke Machines Inside Your Computer:

NON-PROFESSIONAL KARAOKE FILE FORMATS: kar and midi / mid

LEGAL ISSUES AND GUIDELINES FOR KARAOKE

KARAOKE FOR MAC "OS X"

KARAOKE FOR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 1

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 2





Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)




Television inside Your Computer:

TV INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS.." PC OR "OS X" MAC

TV INSIDE YOUR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX COMPUTER





Virtual Machines Inside Your Computer:

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013

Francis Chao

Making "LibreOffice" Default to the .doc, .xls, and .ppt File Formats of "Microsoft Office.."


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Secure Web Access Using a Two-Router Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and a VMware Virtual Machine

Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013
Francis Chao

Make "Windows 10" or "Windows 8.1" or "Windows 7" or "Windows Vista" Log On Automatically

How to Configure "Windows XP" to Log You in Automatically



Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
01-02-2013

Myron Dungey

Color of file and folder names in "Windows Explorer" or "File Explorer":

Green font means encrypted by "Encrypting File System" (which is a function of the NTFS file system for some editions of "Windows..")
and
blue font means compressed by the NTFS file system.


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
12-05-2012

Ken Sandock


Installing a Virtual Machine Program Into Your "Windows.." Computer


Brookdale
Computer
User Group

on
12-01-2012
and
SouthEastern
Michigan
Computer
Organization

(SEMCO)
on
05-13-2012



Francis Chao

Service Manual for Optoma EW1610 Projector

Name Plate of the Optoma EW1610 Projector


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-05-2012


George Harding

Some useful printable paper rulers can be found at
http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers

In order to print an accurate ruler, you have to select the "Actual Size" radio button in the "Print" dialog box BEFORE clicking on the "Print" button.

Step-by-step instructions for downloading and printing "printable rulers".


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-05-2012


George Harding


The USB Implementers Forum's technical standards for USB 2 "B" plugs specify a 12-mm conductive surface.
See http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/ecn1.pdf

However, many of the USB plugs on cheap cables are as short as 5 mm. This can cause you problems.




For some free printable rulers, see http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers/

(Do not set your printer for "fit to page" prior to printing these rulers!)



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
06-06-2012

George Harding

Why You Don't Need Your Anti-Virus Program to Scan Your E-mail

Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Ken Blake

Freeware virtual stopwatch that you can download and install into your computer:

"PC Chrono" at http://www.highspheres.com/products/pc_chrono/



Online, Web-based stopwatches:

http://www.online-stopwatch.com/



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Paul Scott

Overview and Live Demo of "Windows Fax" and Virtual Machines

Using "Windows Fax"

Technical Details for Windows Fax

Using Virtual Machines to Get More Out of Your Computer


Broward Personal Computer Association
(BPCA)
on
04-26-2012

Francis Chao


Using "Virtual Machines" to Get More Out of Your Computer



General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
02-28-2012


Francis Chao

Using Virtualization of Hardware to Save Money, Space, and Time:

HTML recording in Zip format (43 Megabytes)

Using the Free "Virtual CloneDrive" Software Program

Using "Windows Fax"

Using "Windows Media Center" or "WinTV" Instead of a Real TV Set

Using Windows' "Network Bridge"

Using Windows' "Internet Connection Sharing"

Using Virtual Machines to Get More Out of Your Computer


APCUG 2nd
Virtual
Conference
on
02-25-2012

Francis Chao

Good Ideas and Advice from Other Computer User Groups:

PC Self-Help & Other Stuff from Jim McKnight of the Los Angeles Computer Society


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
01-04-2012


Dick Reaser

Using Legacy Fax Machines, Fax Modems, and Credit Card Machines on "Voice Over IP"(VOIP) Phone Lines

Analog Telephone Adapter for Attaching Legacy Telephone to a VOIP Phone Line


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG on
01-04-2012


Robert Thompson

With "Windows 7.." you get a bundled applet called "Windows Fax and Scan". The fax function within this applet is a virtual fax machine that you can use to send and receive faxes using an (real) analog modem that is connected to a landline telephone line. This allows you to avoid the cost of maintaining a real fax machine and its corresponding costs for paper and ink or toner cartridges. Step-by-step instructions for using the fax function of "Windows Fax and Scan" are available at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/windowsfax/windowsfax.htm

By using your own computer, fax modem, and phone line to send and receive faxes, you are guaranteed that any information that you send or receive remains confidential. However, the use of Microsoft's "virtual fax machine" is more work for you than using the free Web-based services in the following section:



If you do not have a fax modem or you want to send faxes with less work than needed for Microsoft's "virtual fax machine", you can fax for free from any Web browser by using the following "Software as a Service" applications:
http://faxzero.com

or
http://www.myfax.com/free/

See http://websearch.about.com/od/usefulsite1/tp/free-fax-online.htm for more free fax options.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
01-04-2012

Robert Thompson

Opening a Mystery File


Windows 8/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-05-2011


Paul Scott

You can find all available broadband Internet services at an specific United States address at http://broadbandmap.gov



You can use the "AntennaWeb" Web site to create a list of television stations that can be received over-the-air from any specific address/location in the United States. For each television station transmitter that you have "line-of-sight", "AntennaWeb" provides you with information on the type of antenna that you need to use. "AntennaWeb" is a free service that is provided by the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB). By combining "off-the-air" television reception with various streaming Web sites such as "Hulu"and "boxee.tv", you might be able stop paying for cable television service.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-07-2011


George Harding


List of Device Bit Rates



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
08-03-2011


Ken Sandock

Please download and try out the Keyboard Tester which is a Windows software program that TCS member Tom Warburton has developed.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
07-06-2011


Tom Warburton

There are three ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Netzero Free":

Option 1: Go to http://www.netzero.net/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Netzero at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Netzero CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Netzero CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Netzero" account.

Option 3: Or go to any "Best Buy" store and ask for a free "Netzero CD". They are usually hanging in the computer accessories section of the store. They sometimes run out but all "Best Buy" stores get shipments of the free "Netzero CD" on a regular basis.


Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

There are two ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Juno":

Option 1: Go to http://www.juno.com/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Juno at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Juno CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Juno CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Juno" account.



Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Use the free bcTester software program
and/or the
bcWebCam software program to "read" "QR Codes".

To create "QR Codes", use the Web-based online service at
http://qrcode.kaywa.com/
or
http://www.mobile-barcodes.com/qr-code-generator/

To learn more about "QR Codes", see
http://techie-buzz.com/softwares/read-qr-codes-on-pc.html
and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.


"LillyPond" music notation and "engraving" software was recommended by Board
member Paul Scott.

"MuseScore" music notation software was recommended by Board member Paul
Scott.


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Some presentations about Linux:

http://ingles.homeunix.net/presos/linux-ancient/index.html
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/9747-Introduction-to-Linux
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/77207-Introduction-to-Linux-Operating-System


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Paul Scott

Testing the Internet Connection of a "Windows" Computer
(using File Transfer Protocol so that you do not have to use a Web browser)



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-02-2011


George Harding

Setting the Root Password in Ubuntu


Linux SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-23-2011


Paul Scott

The different versions of "Windows.." ("XP", "Vista", and "7") handle user's "My Documents" folders differently, with "Windows 7" using the most complex scheme:
In "Windows 7", a user's "My Documents" folder is displayed in "Windows Explorer" as a "My Documents" folder. However, the real name of this folder is "Documents" and "Documents" is shown in path designations both in the Properties boxes that Windows displays to the user. Whenever the user is asked to type in a "path" location, he/she must use "Documents" instead of "My Documents".

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Documents


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

Copying Files/Folders from a Data CD or DVD to a USB "Thumb Drive"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

If you do not like the "Ribbon Bar" of "Microsoft Office 2007" and "Microsoft Office 2010", you can put the classic menus (Menu bar+Standard toolbar+Formatting toolbar) back in with one of these two free software utilities:

"UBitMenu" or "Classic Menu for Office..Starter"
f

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010


Earl Newkirk

If you are running "Windows 7" as your operating system, you can create a system repair disk now, and add it to your collection of "just in case" tools.

If you are running "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", the original installation disk (that Microsoft provided) can be used as a "system repair disk".
Both the "full version" and "upgrade version" installation disks (from Microsoft) of Windows Vista" are bootable and can function as a "system repair disk".

For instructions on using the "System Recovery Options" of "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", see
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/
What-happened-to-the-Recovery-Console

and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/
Startup-Repair-frequently-asked-questions

You can run the
bootrec /fixmbr
command from the "command prompt" to fix/replace the Master Boot Record(MBR) in "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7". This command can restore the "Windows Boot Manager" after the Linux partitions are removed and the "Grub" or "Grub 2" boot manager of Linux is no longer functional.
Additional command line repairs for the "Windows Boot Manager" are: bootrec /scanOS
bootrec /fixboot
bootrec /rebuildbcd
and
chkdsk
See http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://www.sevenforums.com/installation-setup/
92149-re-install-windows-7-boot-manager.html

for details.



If you are running "Windows XP", only the installation disk of the "full version" of "Windows XP" can function as a "system repair disk". The installation disk of the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" cannot be used to boot up a computer.
If the computer is already booted up, the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" can be used as a system repair disk.
The following commands can be used to repair the "ntldr" boot manager of "Windows XP":
fixmbr
fixboot
bootcfg /rebuild
chkdsk
For additional instructions on using the "Windows XP Recovery Console", see:
http://www.simplyguides.net/guides/recovery_console/recovery_console.shtml
and
http://tech.icrontic.com/articles/repair_windows_xp/
and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307654



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010

George Harding

Adding Hard Drives

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-07-2010

George Harding


Databases at the Pima County Public Library (PDF)


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-17-2010


Paul Scott

Ctrl+Shift+Esc gets you to the "Windows Task Manager" faster than Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Another quick way to get to the "Windows Task Manager" is to perform a right click on gray space anywhere on the Windows "Task Bar" and then select "Start Task Manager" from the pop-up utility menu. All of these ways for getting to the "Windows Task Manager" work for "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", and "Windows 7"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-04-2009


George Harding


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