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         Here are notes, Web links, and videos from our meetings:



Subject/Title Meeting
& Date
Submitted
by

Two great devices for the visually-challenged:

RCA Unlocked Quad Band World Phone With Extra Large Digits and Emergency 1-Touch SOS Calling
See
https://www.amazon.com/RCA-Unlocked-Emergency-1-Touch-Calling/dp/B01M5IZW01/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1491327232&sr=8-2&keywords=senior+phone
and
http://www.phonescoop.com/articles/article.php?a=17064

and

ASUS VA32AQ WQHD 1440p 5ms IPS DisplayPort HDMI VGA Eye Care Monitor, 31.5"
See
https://www.amazon.com/ASUS-VA32AQ-1440p-DisplayPort-Monitor/dp/B01M10V28T/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1491326890&sr=8-3-fkmr0&keywords=asus+32-inch+eye+saver+monitor


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



World Maps that show in real time the light, dark, and twilight zones of the world are available as standalone programs and from various Web sites.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/clocks/geoclocks/geoclock_map.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



Windows 10 Creators Update
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-Creators.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



Use 3 (or more) routers to protect your home or small business network against the security vulnerabilities of "Internet of Things" ("IoT") devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/secureWeb/3routers/3routers.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-05-2017


Francis Chao



Simple techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use
are explained at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf

A YouTube Video of the February 11, 2017 version of the above presentation
is available at
https://youtu.be/AbNTOcvkBNA





More-advanced techniques for making your "Windows.." computer easier to use can be found
at

http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier2.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
02-25-2017
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 23
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
02-11-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
04-01-2015


Francis Chao


USB 3.1 versus USB 2 versus SATA versus eSATA:


Meeting of the
Under the Computer Hood Users Group
on
02-01-2017 and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao


Powershell in Windows..




Hard Drive Utilities





Getting into the UEFI configuration screens in "Windows 10":

Use the left mouse button to click on the "Start button".
The "Start Menu" will show up.
Click on the "Settings" icon. (It looks like a gear wheel.)
Click on "Update & security".
Click on "Recovery".
Click on "Restart now". (It is in the "Advanced startup" section.)
Clock on the Troubleshoot" button.
Click on the "Advanced options" button.
Click on "UEFI Firmware Settings" button.
Click on the "Restart" button.




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
01-28-2017
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-01-2017


Francis Chao

Maintaining and Repairing Hard Drives for "Windows.." Computers:

When confronted with hard drive problems, you should perform low-risk, less invasive procedures first, followed by increasingly aggressive, higher risk procedures. As you perform these increasingly invasive procedures, you will either repair the hard drive and return it to service or at some point youj will decide that it is beyond economical repair:

Always Click on "Cancel" when an "Initialize Disk" box pops up
(unless you have just attached an unformatted hard drive or USB flash drive device to your computer)


Maintenance and Repair Strategy

"Error-checking" in "Windows.." to Resolve Bad Clusters

"Soft Repairs" with Utilities in Linux

Data Recovery with Utilities in Linux




Recovering Data Files From Failed Hard Drives:

If the above procedures fail to restore the hard drive and the hard drive has data that you or the end-user deem worth spending one to five thousand dollars to recover, you can obtain professional data recovery assistance which is the most expensive option for recovering data files from a failed hard drives. This data recovery option involves the shipping of the hard drive to a clean room operation where they open it up, read each platter in specialized equipment. Then they use their proprietary computers to reconstruct the data files on the hard drive. Then they ship the recovered data back to you on external hard drives or DVD-R discs. See:

Surviving a home data disaster: How Shirley got her files back
and
Driversavers, a cleanroom service for recovering data from failed hard drives
Our member Harry Elver can can provide you with the "Drivesavers" services at a discount!
See also http://www.repairtucsoncomputer.com/data-recovery-tucson/data-recovery-tucson.html
and
http://www.datarecovery.net/
and
Arizona Data Recovery

Differing Capabilities of Different Distros of Linux

Repairing a Corrupted Recycle Bin in "Windows.."




Radical "Surgery" to Extend the Life of Failed Hard Drives:

If you are unable to recover the data files from a failed hard drive and it's platters are still spinning, you can usually use "Disk Management" in "Windows" to create partitions to "block out" the bad sections of the hard drive, in order to extend the userful life of the hard drive. See
Perform Radical Surgery on a Hard Drive in Order to Extend Its Useful Service Life



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 1-The Basics"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part1.pdf

Our how-to documentation
on
"What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot--Part 2-Using Bootable Devices"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/will-not-boot/will-not-boot-part2.pdf




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 22
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
11-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
12-19-2015


Francis Chao

Our how-to documentation
on
Computer Management in "Windows.."
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/computer-management/computer-management.pdf



Here are some rigorous, logically-ordered procedures for speeding up any "Windows.." computer:

"Speeding Up Windows XP"

"Speeding Up Windows Vista"

"Speeding Up Windows 7"

"Speeding Up Windows 8 and Windows 8.1"

Speeding Up Windows 10"

In addition to the above version-specific procedures, the following procedure applies to any "Windows.." computer:
"Turn Off Startup Programs to Speed Up Your Windows Computer"




The advantages of "Physical Address Extension" are explained at

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366796(v=vs.85).aspx




Supersize The Swap File To Get More Speed and Reliability from "Windows.."




Benchmarking "Windows.." Computers for Free




Remove The Unwanted Blue Highlight from Desktop Icon Text in Windows XP


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
10-31-2015
and
06-28-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Lake
Monticello
Computer
Users Group
(LMCUG)
on
01-10-2013
and
General Meetings
of the
PC Rams
Computer
Society

on
04-11-2012
and
03-14-2012 and
General Meeting
of the
Boca Raton
Computer
Society

on
12-21-2011
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG

of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
01-04-2012


Francis Chao

Wireless Video Doorbells
are the fastest growing sub-segment of the nascent "Internet of Things" (IoT) product lines
See
http://bestdoorbellcamera.com/

http://www.doorbellhome.org/skybell-hd-vs-ring-doorbell-pro-vs-august-doorbell-cam/

http://thewirecutter.com/reviews/best-smart-doorbell-camera/

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-video-doorbells?id=adw&gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisgULdQPvV9emxj0HjTcx2OErNWh9WLMolmGaiHcmPCRoC8vvw_wcB

https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-wireless-doorbells

http://www.toptenreviews.com/home/smart-home/best-video-doorbells/

http://www.doorbellreview.com/

http://www.techlicious.com/guide/best-video-doorbell-cameras/

https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/buy/door-bells/ci/24814/N/3880127365/?gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisawVjLQZ5YLvFYC6qYKm_EkfsGjM7uVo_VfaexTTbTRoCP7Xw_wcB&c3api=0980%2C110370499253

https://www.cnet.com/products/august-doorbell-cam/





Guidelines For Wireless "Internet of Things" (IoT) Devices

Most wireless devices such as video doorbells depend on the speed and radio frequency signal strength of the wireless network that they communicate to so you need to have a later model wireless router that has the following features:

802.11ac Wi-Fi (instead of the old 802.11n Wi-Fi standard),

MIMO (Multiple In-Multiple Out),

and

beam forming.

No wireless video doorbell will work well without a wireless router that has the above three features.


The electricians who install your video doorbell may not consider it to be their responsibility to upgrade your home router to one that has these state-of-the-art features but reallly good, knowledgeable electricains would tell you about the need for these features.





If you house is reasonably well-built and there are well-built walls or a ceiling for your wireless router's signal to penetrate, you might need to install a "wireless extender" to get enough and fast enough of a radio frequency signal to your video doorbell:

There are three kinds of wireless extender installation configurations:

Configuration 1:
Wireless extender repeats the radio signal from the wireless router.

Configuration 2:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a Category 5 or Category 5e or Category 6 cable.

Configuration 3:
Wireless extender is connected to the wireless router by means of a "Multimedia Over Coax Alliance" (MOCA) link riding on top of existing coaxial cabling in the house.





If This Then Than (IFTTT) makes "IoT" devices more usesful but putting in helpful logic into IoT Devices. For example, if you have a wireless recording camera that records detected motion, you can make it only record when you are more than 100 feet away from your home: Your wireless recording cameras would communicate with a location app inside your cell phone and your cell phone would constantly report your GPS coordinates to your wireless recording cameras.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Seat belt extenders can be used to secure objects in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle.
See
http://actcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/seat-belt-extenders/seat-belt-extenders.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Free VPN Service from "Opera Software"

("VPN" = "Virtual Private Network")

You can get free, unlimited VPN service by using the
"Opera developer 40" Web browser.
Their VPN service is provided without requiring you to get an account from either the Opera company or their "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary.
The "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software" is the provider of the VPN service that is bundled into the "Opera developer 41.0" program.
To use this amazing free service,
go to
http://www.opera.com
Then, click on the "Download now" button to download the "OperaSetup.exe" file.
Then double-click on the "OperaSetup.exe" file to start the installation process.
Locate the "Opera" icon on the Windows desktop and double-click on it.
Click on the "Opera" icon in the upper-right corner of the "Opera" window.
Click on "Settings" in the pop-up utlity menu.
Click on "Privacy & security".
Place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable VPN".
Click on the orange "VPN" icon that is located to the left of the URL address box.
Click on the drop down list button that is to the right of "Optimal location".
Select the location of the VPN server that you wish to connect to.
As long as the "VPN" icon stays blue, any Web sites that you visit with the "Opera developer" browser will be secured by the VPN connection between your computer and the VPN server that is provided by "SurfEasy VPN" subsidiary of "Opera Software".
However, any Internet downloads and uploads that you perform with other Web browser programs, FTP client programs, and command line utilties such as FTP, ping, etc. will not be protected by Opera's free VPN service, since their free VPN service is a bundled part of the "Opera developer" browser.




Advantages and Disadvantages of the "Opera 40" Web browser:

1. Free, bundled VPN does not require a user log-in = No data gathering for advertisers.

2. Free VPN feature does not protect activities outside of the Opera Web browser such as other Web browsers, FTP access, etc.

3. Can block ads but the bundled ad blocker breaks parts of some Web sites.

For Web sites such as http://gocomics.com, it works wonderfully and makes the Web site easier to use.
For other Web sites such as some of the photo albums at http://cnn.com, the Opera Web browser causes various buttons and features to fail.

4. "Turbo" feature can speed up Web browsing but is not compatible with the free VPN feature.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-05-2016

Francis Chao

The computer industry's "elegant solution" to secure remote access is called
"Virtual Private Network" (VPN).

Almost every medium-to-large sized company, government entity, and not-for-profit institution including educational institutions uses VPNs to provide employees, students, and contractors with remote access to their internal and cloud-based computer resources.

VPNs were originally intended to provide secure remote access into local area network resources such as servers, printers, and mainframes.

This technology has been adapted for private computer users as
"VPN services":

"VPN services" give you an extra measure of security by protecting you from the more common hacks such as "man in the middle" spying, "Evil Twin" wireless access points, and WiFi over-the-air recordings with free tools such as "WireShark".


A "VPN service" is a "VPN" with an Internet connection at the local area network end.
"VPN services" reduce most of the risk of using public Internet access by encrypting the near end of the Internet connection--where you first connect to a public Internet service.

However, with the exception of the VPN that is part of the "Opera 40" Web browser, all "VPN services" reduce data throughput to a fraction of what a "raw" Internet connection is capable of.

This "bottlenecking" of your Internet download and upload speeds can ruin effective Internet access for many public Internet connections.

The terms "VPNs" and "VPN Services" are often used interchangeably so you have to figure out from the context in which these terms to determine whether someone means the original VPN (which is a secure remote connection into a Local Area Network" and a "VPN Service" (which is a secure remote connection into the Internet which uses a local area network as an intermediary).




Using Free Virtual Private Network (VPN) Services
and Virtual Machines (VMs)
For Secure Public Internet Access


Using the Free Version of "Hotspot Shield" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "TunnelBear" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using the Free Version of "VPNReactor" For Secure Public Internet Access

Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access

Fixing Internet Connections When Using "VPN Services"




Web Sites For Testing Virtual Private Network Services:

http://whatismyipaddress.com/

http://www.ip2location.com/

http://www.tracemyip.org/

http://showip.net/

http://www.iplocationfinder.com/

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/

https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2




Using VPN Services As Temporary Workarounds For Slow Broadband Internet Access:

Sometimes you can use free VPN services as a temporary workaround for download and upload slowdowns in broadband Internet access: For example, Comcast cable modem Internet in the Tucson area was very slow on Friday August 9, 2013 through Saturday August 10 with download and upload speeds so slow that they are unmeasurable (as measured at http://speedtest.net at their Los Angeles server and http://pcpitstop.com/internet/bw.asp using their Dallas, Texas server).
When we used the free version of "Hotspot Shield", we obtained Internet download speeds above 20 Megabits per second and upload speeds above 1.5 Megabits per second (via our Comcast cable modems).

(Note: As of 9AM on Sunday August 11, the regular download and upload speeds of Comcast cable modem Internet access have been restored to their normal speeds! Many thanks to our neighbor who coordinated a fix with Comcast tech support.)


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-05-2013

Francis Chao


Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




The network industry's elegant, rigorous solution to protecting a local area network from internal and external intrusion is to use network appliances and routers in a "DMZ" configureation:

Secure Web Access At Your Home or Business
By Using A "VMware" Virtual Machine
And a Two-Router "De-Militarized Zone" (DMZ)





Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
09-24-2016
on
09-27-2014
and
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

Our how-to document on
Using "Storage Spaces"
For Mirroring of Hard Drives
and
Offline Archival Storage
is located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/StorageSpaces/StorageSpaces-mirroring-etc.pdf

Using "Storage Spaces For Real-Time Mirroring of Two Hard Drives in "Windows 8.."

Storage Spaces" Successes and Failures

Replacing A Hard Drive In A Two-Way-Mirrored "Storage Space"

Using "Storage Spaces" For Backing Up and Moving Your Data Files

Using "Storage Spaces" With External Hard Drive Enclosures

Fixing "Storage Spaces"


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-05-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
05-23-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-17-2013


Francis Chao

You can use the above-mentioned "Storage Spaces" technology with SATA and eSATA connections to hard drives with a maximum allowable cable length of about 2 meters (=6.6 feet).
However, it is less-expensive to use USB 3 ports, cables, hard drives, and hard drive enclosures with "Storage Spaces".

USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devices such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures with a standardized total cable length of 5 meters written into the USB 2 standards and a standardized total cable length of 3 meters (9.8 feet) that was originally written into the USB 2 standards.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives, USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, and other USB 3 devices, you will have to determine if a specific USB 3 devices works with a specific total length of USB 3 cable and a specific USB 3 port on your computer or USB 3 hub.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Download the "old" V2.6.1 version of USBTreeView since it is easier to use.
(Only use the "latest release" if you have a USB 3.1 "SuperSpeedPlus" "USB Type C" (oval) port on your computer.)
Then read the rest of the above-mentioned Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.

"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices:
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices, or the connecting USB 3 cable or the USB 3 port is imminent. You can determined which of these three items is about to fail by means as substituting with a "known good" USB 3 port, a "known good" (or shorter) USB 3 cable, or a "known good" USB 3 device.



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-24-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

USB 3 versus USB 2 versus eSATA

Problems with USB 2 Devices Attached to USB 3 Ports

Testing USB Ports, Cables, and Devices

USB 3 Adapters For Adding USB Ports To An Existing Computer

Struggles With Installing USB 3 Adapters

A Comparison of Three Popular "USB 3" Hard Drive Enclosures




File Sharing--An Overview

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 1

File Sharing Between Windows.. Computers--Part 2

File Sharing from "Windows.." to Mac OSX and Linux

My demonstration of homegroups for sharing files
between two "Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit" virtual machines
can be viewed at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wgLn64KJ-Q


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
05-06-2015
and
General Meeting
of
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
10-25-2011


Francis Chao

Building a Controlled-Temperature Box with Equipment Redundancy
and Uninterruptible AC Power


Off-the-shelf thermostats are good at maintaining building HVAC (heating-ventilation-air conditioning) systems at a controlled ambient temperature of 50 to 90 degrees Farenheit.

Portable cooler/heater devices generally either cool or heat to about 40 degrees below or above the ambient temperature.

Interconnecting the two devices results in a reliable, energy-efficient means of storing medications and cosmetics that are temperature-sensitive.

Our detailed case study on building a controlled-temperature box
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes//winhardsig/temperature_controls/controlled_temperature_box.pdf




future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Our how-to advice on
Using External Parts to Repair or Improve A Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/external-parts.pdf

Our how-to advice on
Using "Windows To Go" To Make an External Hard Drive to Non-Destructively Boot Up An Existing Intel or AMD-based Windows or Linux Computer
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/external-parts/Windows-To-Go.pdf
This capability has been available in Mac OS X and Linux computers for many years but it sort of arrived with the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" and continued to be sort of available in the free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Our how-to advice on
Creating Custom "Start Menu" Items in "Windows 10"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-custom-start-menu-items.pdf




Using a Time-limited Trial of "Windows 10" for Free:

There are two ways to try "Windows 10" for free:
Method 1: Run the "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation"
and
Method 2: Run a copy of "Windows 10" that is not activated.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-trial.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf




"Windows 10" activation is way different from any previous "Windows.." product !!
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/activation/win10-activation.pdf

If you use a purchased "Windows 10 product key", you get a "Product Key" activation.
If you use a Windows 7 or 8 or 8.1 product key, you get a "Digital License".
Both methods of activation store the UUID of your computer's motherboard up in Microsoft's activation servers.

If you link your Microsoft Account to your Windows account, you get the ability to use the "Activation Troubleshooter" in "Windows 10" to activate after changing out your computer's motherboard.
However, you then have to log into "Windows 10" with your "Microsoft Account".
If you go back to logging into "Windows 10" with a "Local Account", you lose your ability to use the "Windows 10 Activation Troubleshooter" to change your computer's motherboard.

If you activate "Windows 10" with a purchased "Windows 10 Product Key" and then you replace the hard drive but keep the same motherboard, you can do a "fresh install" with an Installation Media DVD or USB thumb drive. During the "fresh install" process, you can either "Skip activation" or enter in your purchased "Windows 10 Product Key". If you enter in your "Windows 10 Product Key", your "fresh install" will have a "Product Key" license. If you "Skip activation", your "fresh install" will have a "Digital License".



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Our how-to advice on
Running Linux natively inside "Windows 10"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/WSL/WSL.pdf

This beta capability arrived with the "Anniversary Update" of "Windows 10" on August 2, 2016.

Microsoft's official name for this wizardry is
"Windows Subsystem for Linux".
They also call it "WSL".

Other folks refer to it as "bash shell inside Windows" or "bash in Linux in Windows" or "Linux inside Windows".

It is still a bit buggy but even at this nascent stage of development, running Linux inside "WSL" is dramatically faster relative to running "Linux" inside a "virtual machine" inside a "virtual machine program" such as the bundled "Hyper-V" program or third-party programs such as "VMware Workstation Player" or "Oracle VM VirtualBox".


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
08-27-2016
and
future meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society



Francis Chao

Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 3--
"Multimedia over Coax Alliance" (MoCA)
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/extending/extending-part3.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 2--
Wi-Fi Range Extenders
and
Powerline Networking

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-vs-WiFi-extender.pdf




Extending Your Local Network (LAN), Part 1--The Basics

Presentation slides and "how to" document in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format

.WMA Video
of the on-site presentation
to the "Windows Users Computer User Group"
of Irvine, California on March 22, 2014



Powerline networking has now reached parity with "Gigabit Ethernet" data transmission speeds.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline.pdf

Our experiences with specific models of powerline networking equipment
made by Trendnet, D-Link, and Zycel
are described at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/powerline/powerline-experiences.pdf




For advice on using routers with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" ("WISP") capability,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-WISP.pdf




For advice on configuring routers,
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/routers/routers-configuring.pdf




Measuring Network Speeds To Remediate Bottlenecks In Your Local Network:

To prevent the components of your local network (routers, switches, powerline links, etc.) from bottlenecking the Internet bandwidth that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides you,
measure the Internet bandwidth speeds and the local area network speeds at various locations in your Local Area Network (LAN)
as described in
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/bottlenecks/bottlenecks.pdf




To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.

To download and install the free "NetSpot for Windows" Wi-Fi analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspot-windows.html

To download and install the free "NetSpot for OS X" Wi-Fi analysis program for a Mac "OS X.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
http://www.netspotapp.com/netspotpro.html

To download and install the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" analysis program for a "Windows.." computer,
use a Web browser to go to
https://www.acrylicwifi.com/en/wlan-software/

To get a more complete picture of your Wi-Fi environment in a "Windows.." computer, you can use both the free "Acrylic WiFi Home" program AND the free "Netspot" program. However, do not use both programs at the same time.

See also
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf





Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-30-2016
and
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Strategies for Dealing With The July 28, 2016 Deadline for the Free Upgrade to "Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/July28DeadlineStrategies.pdf




Windows 10 Retail Pricing
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-retail.pdf




"Windows 10" Activation
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-activation.pdf



For "Windows 10..", the "activation" process has dramatically changed relative to prior versions of "Windows..":
For details, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/windows-activation.pdf




Windows 10: Privacy Issues and Defenses:
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-privacy.pdf




"Speeding Up Windows 10"
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/speedupWindows/win10speedup.pdf




Using the Free "Windows 10 Enterprise Evaluation":
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10enteval.pdf



General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-12-2016
and
Meeting
of the
California
Southland
Chapter
of the
Association
of
Information
Technology
Professionals

(AITP)
on
10-28-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao

For a general overview of free software and services from the Internet, please see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/free-software-services.pdf



Meeting
of the
Pikes Peak
Computer
Application
Society

on
07-02-2016
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Our how-to document
on
Skype Basics(PDF)
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype-basics.pdf

For "Windows 7" and "Windows 8.1" computers,
"Skype.." is available in two ways:
"Skype for Windows" runs as a stand-alone desktop software application program.
"Skype for Web (beta)" is accessed from some Web browsers at "http://web.skype.com".
When you use this Web site for the first time, it makes you download a Web browser plug-in.

For "Windows 10" users,
"Skype.." is available in three ways:
Bundled "Skype Video" runs as an "universal app" as a simplified, no-frills way of using "Skype..".
The free "Skype for Windows" program runs as a stand-alone desktop application program.
("Skype for Windows" was formerly called "Skype for Windows Desktop".)
"Skype for Web (beta)" is accessed from some Web browsers at "http://web.skype.com".
When you use this Web site, it makes you download a Web browser plug-in.
"Get Skype" in the "Start menu" of a "Windows 10" computer, provides you with a wizard that downloads and installs "Skype for Windows".

For Apple Macintosh "OS X 10.6 and higher" computers,
"Skype.." is available in two ways:
"Skype for Mac" runs as a stand-alone software application program.
"Skype for Web (beta)" is accessed from the Safari Web browser at "http://web.skype.com".
When you use this Web site for the first time, it makes you download a Web browser plug-in.

For Linux computers, "Skype for Linux" is available as a stand-alone software application program.
For any specific distribution of Linux search for discussion group posts, "how to" documentation, and hacks for getting the "Skype for Linux" installed.


General Meeting
of the
Greenspring
Computer
Club

on
03-08-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2016

Francis Chao

Free Software-Based Virtual Timers and Alarm Clocks For "Windows..":

PC Chrono is the best virtual clock, timer, and stopwatch that we have tested. It does not have an alarm clock function. "PC Chrono" only runs when your computer is powered on.

Free Alarm Clock 4 is the best virtual alarm clock that we have tested. It does not have timer or stopwatch functions:
"Free Alarm Clock 3.1" can trigger an alarm even if your computer is in a sleep state. After you aknowledge the alarm with a mouse click, it then puts your computer back to its original sleep state.
"Free Alarm Clock 4.1" is unable to wake up a computer from the "Hibernate" state: If you want it to wake up your computer from a "sleep" state, set your active "Power Profile" to prevent "sleep" from being converted to "hibernate".


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on 04-12-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

To analyze and resolve Wi-Fi problems, you can install free Wi-Fi software into your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer.
Then you can use these software programs to view numerical and graphical information in order to modify your Wi-Fi settings.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/networks/Wi-Fi/Wi-Fi-advice.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-27-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Using Microsoft's "OneDrive" Cloud Storage

"OneDrive" Cloud Storage In "Windows 8.1"

"OneDrive" Cloud Storage In "Windows 8"

"OneDrive" Cloud Storage In "Windows XP"



"OneDrive" From Inside An "Android" Tablet or Cell Phone"



A Comparison of "Google Drive", "OneDrive", "Box", "Dropbox", and "iCloud" (PDF)

YouTube Video of the May 4, 2013 version of the above presentation




An Overview of Cloud Storage




Using "Google Drive" Cloud Storage



Using "Box" Cloud Storage



Using Apple's "iCloud" Cloud Storage


Sharing / Publishing Stored Files or Folders:

For files or folders that you have stored at Microsoft's "OneDrive", "Google Drive", or "Box",
you can share files by logging into your cloud storage account with a Web browser.
Locate the file or folder than you wish to share / publish.
Use your RIGHT mouse button to click on the file or folder (in a Windows.. computer)
or perform a Control + Click on the file or folder (in Mac OS X).
Then click on "Share" in the pop-up context menu, etc.
This sharing procedure creates a Internet address ("URL") that anyone can use to access the file from any Internet-connected computer in the world.

Apple's "iCloud" does not allow the sharing / publishing of stored files at the present time.



Storing Folders of Data Files at a Cloud Storage Service:

Entire folders of data files or folders of photo files can be stored and viewed at "Google Drive", "OneDrive", "Box", or "Dropbox".

You cannot upload folders from your local computer natively up to Apple's "iCloud" Web site.
However, you can upload folders from your local computer up at Apple's "iCloud" Web site if you do the following:

Zip the folder. To store the folder at the "Pages" area of the "iCloud" Web site:
Rename the folder to
original name of folder.zip.doc
or orignal name of folder.zip.docx or
original name of folder.zip.pages
Then drag the folder to the "Pages" area of your "iCloud" account.


General Meeting
of the
Crystal
River Computer Users
Group

on
09-11-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Brookdale Computer
Users Group

on
07-18-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
07-08-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
03-11-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Palmia
Computer
Club

on
06-12-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Payson
Area
Computer
Association

on
06-07-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Virtual
Technology
Conference 7
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-04-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Ocean Hills
Computer Club

on
04-24-2012
and
General Meeting
of the
San Francisco
PC Users Group

on
02-26-2013


Francis Chao

Sample data files for testing office suite software:

samples-TCS.zip contains sample .doc, .docx, .xls, .XLSx, .ppt, and .pptx files

samples-Final.zip from OpenXMLDeveloper.org

sample_doc.file.doc

passworded_sample_doc.file.doc
(The password for opening this file is "password". This file was created with "Microsoft Word 2002 SP3").

sample Powerpoint ppt file

sample Powerpoint PPSX slide show file


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011

Paul Scott

Free Antivirus Programs:

The best free antivirus programs for "Windows.." computers are
"FortiClient" and "Avast! Free Antivirus"

The best free antivirus programs for Mac "OS X" computers are
"Avast! Free Antivirus" and "Sophos"

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/antivirus-compare.pdf
for more details and advice about free antivirus programs.

For advice specific to the free "FortiClient Endpoint Protection" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/FortiClient.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avast! Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avast.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Avira Free Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Avira.pdf

For advice specific to the free version of "Comodo Antivirus" for "Windows..", see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/antivirus/Comodo.pdf



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
10-27-2014

Francis Chao

Our detailed advice about
Over-the-air reception
of
ATSC television
(="Cord Cutting")

is available at:
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/ATSC-OTA.pdf




iView's "Digital Converter Box" (model 3200STB)
is an ATSC tuner that sells for approximately $30.
To use it as a television set, you have to attach it to the following additional equipment:
An over-the-air VHF/UHF antenna,
a computer monitor that has a HDMI jack,
and a pair of computer speakers.

For details, see http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/add-ons/TV/iView_tuner.pdf





Signal Sources for Your Real or Virtual Television Set:-

ATSC reception over-the-air,
clear QAM from a cable TV provider,
and/or
encrypted QAM from a cable TV provider





TV Inside your "Windows.." or "OS X" MAC Computer

TV Inside Your "Ubuntu" or "Linux Mint" Linux Computer



Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
04-30-2016
and
03-26-2016
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-02-2013

Francis Chao

Macs Versus "Windows.." Computers:

For an explanation of how Mac "OS X" computers differ from "Windows.." computers, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/OSXvsWindows.pdf:

Basic Differences Between Macs and PCs
Models of Macs
Pricing of Macs
User Interface of Macs
Two Ways To Run "Windows.." Inside Macs




Making a "Mac mini" More Portable:

For an explanation of you can make a "Mac mini" computer easier to travel with, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/Mac-mini.pdf:

A "Mac mini" is usually used as a desktop computer. However, by adding a few accessories to it, a "Mac mini" can travel well with you. When you travel with it, your "Mac mini" can be used as your main portable computer or as a backup for your existing laptop computer.



General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
04-12-2016




Francis Chao

Our how-to document
on
"Using the Task Manager in a Windows Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Task_Manager/Task_Manager.pdf


Virtual
Technology
Conference 20
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups

(APCUG)
on
05-07-2016
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
11-28-2015


Francis Chao

EXTERNAL STORAGE: USING THE CLOUD (PDF)

EXTERNAL STORAGE: USING THE CLOUD (PPTX)


General Meeting
of the
Sun City
Shadow Hills
Computer Club

on
03-04-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-08-2016


Francis Chao

Our overview on
Connecting Your PC to a TV
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV.pdf

An online article with basic advice on configuring both ends of a PC to TV hookup
is available at
http://www.expertreviews.co.uk/tvs-entertainment/
1404361/how-to-connect-a-laptop-to-a-tv-hdmi-vga-
overscan-problems-and-more


Our advice on connecting a TV to a PC so that the PC acts as a wired monitor
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wired.pdf

Our advice on wirelessly connecting a TV to a PC
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/PC-to-TV/PCtoTV-wireless.pdf




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California
on
02-27-2016
and
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Our how-to documentation
on
"Moving Your Monitor-Keyboard-Mouse Farther Away From Your Computer"
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Redmere/redmere-etc.pdf


USB 3 extension cables work fine for extending USB 2 devides such as USB keyboards, USB mice, USB Webcams, USB 2 flash drives, USB 2 external hard drives, and USB 2 external hard drive enclosures.

However, for USB 3 external hard drives and USB 3 external hard drive enclosures, you will have to determine if a specific model works with a USB 3 extersion cable.
To do so, you can use the free "USBTreeView" program to view the stablity and signalling rate of a specific USB 3 external hard drive or a specific USB 3 hard drive enclosure.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting problems with USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0" or a USB 3 device disappears from view entirely, a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you will be unable to use a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive or a specific model of USB 3 external hard drive enclosure at the far end of a USB 3 extension cable.
Your only option will then be to attach the USB 3 external hard drive or USB 3 external hard drive enclosure with a shorter USB 3 cable physically nearer to your computer.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Connecting your Computer to a TV (or to a monitor that has an HDMI jack):
HDMI,
Wireless HDMI,
"WiDi",
Chromecast,
and
"EZCast".

These technologies are described and compared in our presentation slides at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/wireless_tech.pdf

A Youtube video of the August 15, 2015 version of this presentation can be viewed at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVl9gC5oVt8&feature=youtu.be)




For details about "wireless HDMI", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/wireless_HDMI.pdf

For details about "WiDi" which is also known as "Intel Wireless Display", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/WiDi.pdf

For details about "EZCast" see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/EZCast.pdf

For details about "Chromecast", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/Chromecast.pdf
"Chromecast" is totally-dependent on an external wireless WiFi router that does NOT have "wireless isolation" turned on.
"Wireless isolation" is also known as "AP isolation" and "Access Point isolation".
All home-type routers default to having "wireless isolation" disabled. All public WiFi Internet have "wireless isolation" turned on.
To stream Internet-based video and audio using public WiFi Internet, you have to have a separate "travel router" with "Wireless Internet Service Provider" capability.

For detaila about the Actiontec "ScreenBeam Kit", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/wireless/Actiontec_ScreenBeam.pdf



"Virtual
Technology
Conference 16
"
of
APCUG
on
08-15-2015
and
Southwest
Technology &
Computer
Conference
2015

on
06-13-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
06-03-2015
and
future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS
Computer
User Group

of
Irvine,
California


Francis Chao

Installing a USB to VGA-DVI-HDMI Adapter For Your "Windows.." Computer



General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Testing whether your cable modem, router, and broadband connection is "IP version 6" capable:

There are two online Internet-based tests:
Test 1:
http://test-ipv6.com/
which is explained at
https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/internet-protocol-version-6-ipv6-consumers
and
Test 2:
http://testmyipv6.com/
which is explained at
http://www.howtogeek.com/175566/htg-explains-are-you-using-ipv6-yet-should-you-even-care/

The percentage of "IP version 6" deployment by various broadband Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
can be found at
http://www.worldipv6launch.org/measurements/

To determine which Internet Service Provider you are using
and it's "Autonomous System Number" (= "ASN" = wide area network number):
go to
http://www.whatismyasn.org/

To look up the Internet Service Provider than belongs to a specific "Autonomous System Number":
go to
http://mxtoolbox.com/asn.aspx


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

How to erase hard drives for sure to either give them away or for one's peace of mind
as described at
http://www.zdnet.com/article/how-to-really-erase-any-drive-even-ssds-in-2016/?tag=nl.e539&s_cid=e539&ttag=e539&ftag=TRE17cfd61


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Locating the hidden but fully-functional "Internet Explorer 11" in "Windows 10" including how to co-exist with "Microsoft Edge" or blocking "Microsoft Edge"
as mentioned in
http://www.ghacks.net/2016/01/25/block-microsoft-edge-on-windows-10/
because lots of secure Web sites such as banks and shopping Web sites still do not allow you to access them with "Microsoft Edge"


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2015


Francis Chao

Using Webcams to Spy on Something
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/webcams-KEGS.pdf




Surveillance with Wired USB Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance1-usb-webcams.pdf


Surveillance with Wireless Wi-Fi Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance2-WiFi-webcams.pdf



Surveillance with Cloud-Based Webcams
is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/webcams/parts/surveillance3-cloud-webcams.pdf




General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle
(KEGS)

on
02-08-2016
and
Virtual Technology Conference 18
of
APCUG
on
11-07-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
11-04-2015


Francis Chao

Struggles With Installing "Windows 10.." Into Computers with "Gigabyte" Motherboards:

If you attempt to upgrade or clean install "Windows 10.." into a computer with a Gigabyte motherboard, you might end up with a non-functional boat anchor.
This has happened for about 25 percent of our attempts to install "Windows 10.." into a computer with a "Gigabyte" motherboard.
Despite several discussion group posts telling you to flash the BIOS with a later version of firmware, flashing the UEFI/BIOS firmware of the motherboard does not resolve this problem.

Here is what you need to do to get "Windows 10" installed into a recalcitant Gigabyte motherboard:
Go to the "Support" section of http://gigabyte.com
Locate the drivers for your exact model of Gigabyte motherboard.
Select "Windows 10" for "OS".
Download and unzip the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver".
Place the unzipped folder than contains the drivers onto a USB flash drive.
Insert the USB flash drive into a USB 2 or USB 3 port of the computer. Use Microsoft's "Media Creation Tool" for "Windows 10.." to create an installation DVD disc for "Windows 10..".
Use the installation DVD disc to boot up your computer.
When the "Press any key to boot up from CD or DVD...." message is displayed, press any key on the keyboard.
When the installation wizard gives you a "Load drivers" icon, click on it.
Browse to the USB flash drive and click on the folder that contains the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver" to install the "Intel SATA Preinstall Driver".
Then continue on with the installation of "Windows 10..".

The following Web page only refers to problems with installing "Windows 10.." into solid state drives (SSDs). However, the advice offered there by the Microsoft employee is also applicable to problems with installing "Windows 10" into regular hard drives attached to computers with Gigabyte motherboards:
https://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/018fc785-e6a7-451a-8883-def170874ac8/trouble-installing-win-10-on-ssd?forum=WinPreview2014Setup



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-06-2016




Francis Chao

BUNDLED PROGRAMS FOR BACKING ALL OR PART OF A C: HARD DRIVE IN "WINDOWS 7", "WINDOWS 8", AND "WINDOWS 8.1":

A spreadsheet that shows the differences between the various bundled programs can be downloaded from
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/backup/backupoptions.xls

See also
HARD DRIVE "SYSTEM IMAGE BACKUPS"
AND "BARE-METAL" RESTORES,
USING BUNDLED PROGRAMS IN WINDOWS 7, 8, 8.1, AND 10



"Acronis True Image.." (not free)
Compared To
"Backup and Restore" (bundled with "Windows 7")
or
"Windows 7 File Recovery" (bundled with"Windows 8")
or
"System Image Backup" (bundled with "Windows 8.1" and "Windows 10")


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2014
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao

For step-by-step instructions for setting up "Windows 10.." computer
so that you can log in with a "local account" instead of a "Microsoft Account",
see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/Win10-setup-local.pdf

This non-default configuration reduces Microsoft's data gathering and makes your computer run more efficiently.



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-04-2016


Francis Chao

For a complete list of Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts and run commands,
see
http://www.groovypost.com/howto/windows-10-keyboard-shortcuts/



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-02-2016


David Redmond

Windows 10: The Good and the Bad
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-good-bad.pdf


Email in Windows 10
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/win10-email.pdf





General Meetings
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-19-2015
and on
09-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-02-2015


Francis Chao
and
Rick Rolland

USING "VMWARE WORKSTATION PLAYER" TO RUN A FREE, TIME-LIMITED COPY OF "WINDOWS 10.." IN A "VIRTUAL MACHINE"

The presentation slides for the October 13, 2015 version of this presentation
are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/VMware-win10-2015-10-13.pdf

The "YouTube" video of the February 21, 2015 version of presentation can be viewed at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oW01g_tzWmU




"Big Step 0": Learn about the basics of virtual machine technology, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-0-basics.pdf

"Big Step 100": Install the free "VMware Workstation Player" program into a "Windows.." host computer, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-1-installing.pdf

"Big Step 200": Create a new "virtual machine" by using the "VMware Workstation Player" program, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-2-createVM.pdf

"Big Step 300": Install "Windows.."into a "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-3B-install-Win10EntEval.pdf

"Big Step 400": Install "VMware Tools" into a "Windows 10.." "virtual machine" , see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtual machines/vmware-4B-install-VMwareTools-to-Win10.pdf




The YouTube video for the February 21, 2015 version of this presentation
is located at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oW01g_tzWmU (50 minutes)



future
Meeting
of the
Twin Cities PC Users' Group
of
Minnesota
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-25-2015
and
"Virtual
Technology
Conference 14"
of
APCUG
on
02-21-2015
and
General Meeting
of the
Rochester Computer Society
on
02-10-2015



Francis Chao


INSTALLING LINUX "DISTROS" INTO COMPUTERS THAT HAVE A "UEFI" WITH "SECURE BOOT" ENABLED

Since August of 2012, all "Windows 8", all "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10" computers that are sold at retail
AND that display the "Windows 8" logo, or the "Windows 8.1" logo, or the "Windows 10" logo,
must boot up with a "UEFI" with Secure Boot" enabled instead of the legacy "Basic Input/Output System" ("BIOS")
"UEFI" stands for "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface".
"UEFI" replaces the "BIOS" that has resided as firmware inside "..DOS" and "..Windows.." computers since the early 1980's.

We attempted to install various Linux "distros" into two "Secure Boot" computers:

"Debian Live 8.2.0 64-bit" failed to install into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.

"Ubuntu Desktop 14.10 64-bit" installed successfully in one of our "Secure Boot" computers but it failed to install into the other computer.

"Ubuntu Desktop 14.04 64-bit (Long Term Support)" installed successfully into one of our "Secure Boot" computers but it failed to install into the other computer.

"Ubuntu Desktop 15.04 64-bit" failed to install into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.

"Linux Mint 17.1 with Cinnamon 64-bit" installed successfully into one of our "Secure Boot" computers but it failed to install into our other computer.

"OpenSUSE 64-bit 13.2 64-bit" installed successfully into one of our "Secure Boot" computers but it failed to install into the other computer.

"Fedora Workstation 21 64-bit" failed to install into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.

"Fedora Server 21 64-bit" installed successfully into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.

"Fedora Server 22 64-bit" installed successfully into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.

"Fedora Workstation 22 64-bit" installed successfully into both of our "Secure Boot" computers.
Since "Fedora Workstation 22" is much easier to use as an end-user computer platform (relative to "Fedora Server 22"), "Fedora Workstation 22 64-bit" will become our Linux "distro" of choice.




Linux SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
09-27-2015


Francis Chao

REMOVING MALWARE FROM A "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER

Our high-level explanation of malware removal is available at
http://www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/malware.pdf




Malware often "hides" in hidden files and folders to make sure than your computer is displaying hidden files and file extensions by following our procedure in how how-to document called
"Some Simple Techniques For Making 'Windows..' Easier To Use"
at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win/easier/win-easier1.pdf



A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Our advice on
Using Free Rescue Disks To Remove Malware
can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/rescue_disks.pdf

To use these free rescue CDs/DVDs/USB flash drives, you might have to
configure the BIOS or UEFI of your "Windows.." computer so that it will boot up from one of these devices.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/BIOStoUEFI/BIOStoUEFI.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG

Francis Chao

"RANSOMWARE" MALWARE REMOVAL

"Ransomware" is malware that takes over your computer or part of your computer and offers to give you back access to it when you pay a ransom fee. In a "Windows.." computer, some of the more benign variants of "ransomware" can be removed by booting up the computer in "Safe Mode".

The more sophisicated instances of "ransomware" can only be removed by booting up with a free bootable "rescue media" CD-R disc, DVD-R disc, or USB flash drive.
For details about removing "ransomware" see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/malwarecleanup/ransomware.pdf


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


Francis Chao

A Technician's "Recipe" That Contains a Standardized Procedure for Removing Malware:

Our how-to document on a
Procedure for Cleaning a Virus/Malware-Infected Computer,
which is based on a presentation made by Harry Elver of Tucson, Arizona,
is very similar to the advice in a article in "PC World" magazine entitled
How to Remove Malware From Your Windows PC.




Using the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure To Remove the First Version of the "FBI PC Lock Ransomware"

Another Example of the Virus/Malware Cleanup Procedure

Removal of "Win32/WinMaximizer" Malware from a "Windows 7.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
05-23-2015
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California on
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-02-2013


Harry Elver



"WebRTC" is an emerging standard for video chatting and screen sharing. You can try out this new technological advance for free by following our advice at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WebRTC/WebRTC-trials.pdf



Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
04-01-2015


George Harding



http://www.txtdrop.com/
can often send text messages to the email addresses of cell phones when your regular email service is unable to do so.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

WORKAROUND FOR UPDATING FIRMWARE AND MAPS IN "GARMIN" GPS DEVICES

Garmin's GPS devices are some of best that are available. However, the two software utilities that they provide for updating the firmware and maps in their devices are problematic:

"Garmin Express" software fails to install map and firmware updates when it is run by itself. After you run this program, it tells you to attach your Garmin GPS device to your "Windows.." or Mac "OS X" computer by means of a USB cable. After you do so, all map and firmware updates fail to complete.

Garmin's "WebUpdater" software is able to install firmware upgrades for a Garmin GPS device. However, it does not have the ability to install map updates.

In order to install both firmware updates and map updates into a Garmin GPS device, you have to use both "Webupdater" to update the device's firmware. Then, you can use "Garmin Express" to update the device's maps.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/GPS/Garmin-problems.pdf


Future Meeting
of the
Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
on
03-04-2015


George Harding

INSTALLING AND RUNNING "WINDOWS.." AND LINUX.. OPERATING SYSTEMS INTO "VIRTUAL MACHINES"THAT HAVE A VIRTUAL "UEFI" WITH "SECURE BOOT" ENABLED


Since August of 2012, all "Windows 8", all "Windows 8.1", and all future "Windows 10" computers that are sold at retail
AND that display the "Windows 8" logo, or the "Windows 8.1" logo, or the future "Windows 10" logo,
must boot up with a "UEFI" with Secure Boot" enabled instead of the legacy "Basic Input/Output System" ("BIOS")
"UEFI" stands for "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface".
"UEFI" replaces the "BIOS" that has resided as firmware inside "..DOS" and "..Windows.." computers since the early 1980's.

In order to accurately and rigorously use a virtual machine to simulate a current desktop or laptop "Windows.." or "Linux.." computer, you have to use a virtual machine program that provides a virtual "UEFI" with a virtual "Secure Boot" capability in "enabled" status. At the present time, the only virtual machine program that can provide a virtual machine with a virtual UEFI with Secure Boot enabled
for distros of Linux that support "Secure Boot"
is the bundled Hyper-V program running inside
a "Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview 64-bit" host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Enterprise Insider Preview 64-bit" host computer
or a
"Microsoft Hyper-V Server Technical Preview" host computer
or a
"Windows Server Technical Preview" host computer.



To run distros of Linux that support "Secure Boot"
inside a virtual machine that has a virtual UEFI with "Secure Boot" enabled,
in a desktop operating system (and not in a server operating system),
you have to use the "Hyper-V" module that is bundled inside a

"Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Enterprise Insider Preview 64-bit real, host computer





To run "Windows 8", "Windows 8 Pro", Windows 8 Enterprise, "Windows 8.1", Windows 8.1 Pro", "Windows 8.1 Enterprise", "Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview", or "Windows 10 Enterprise Insider Preview"
inside a virtual machine that has a virtual UEFI with "Secure Boot" enabled,
you can use the
bundled client "Hyper-V" program running inside
a
"Windows 8 Pro 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 8 Enterprise 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 8.1 Pro 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 8.1 Enterprise 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Insider Preview 64-bit" real, host computer
or a
"Windows 10 Enterprise Insider Preview 64-bit real host computer.

For step-by-step details, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/SecureBoot/SecureBoot-basics.pdf



Operating systems that we successfully installed into a "Generation 2" Hyper-V virtual machine (with a virtual UEFi) AND with "Secure Boot" enabled:

Windows 8 Enterprise Evaluation 64-bit

Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation 64-bit

Ubuntu Desktop 14.10 64-bit

Ubuntu Desktop 14.04 64-bit

Linux Mint 17.1 with Cinnamon 64-bit

OpenSUSE 64-bit 13.2 x86_64-bit

Fedora Server 21 64-bit


A "how to" for installing "Fedora Server 21" into "Hyper-V" running inside a "Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview 64-bit" or "Windows 10 Enterprise Insider Preview 64-bit" host computer is available at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/linuxsig/Fedora-HyperV/Fedora-HyperV.pdf


Redmond top man Satya Nadella: 'Microsoft LOVES Linux'


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-07-2015


Francis Chao

Running Virtual Machines
Inside The Bundled "Hyper-V" Program
inside a
"Windows 8 Pro." host computer,
or a "Windows 8.1" host computer,
or a "Windows 10 Insider Preview" host computer,
or a "Windows 10 Enterprise Insider )review" host computer,

Presentation Slides in .PDF Format

Youtube video (49 minutes)



Avoiding "Automatically Start" Problems When Using "Hyper-V" to Run Virtual Machines
in "Windows 8.."


Click here for our detailed notes on our mixed success with running various versions of Linux, "Windows..", and "MS-DOS" as guest operating systems inside virtual machines running in "Hyper-V" inside of "Windows 8..".


Virtual
Technology
Conference
of
APCUG
on
08-04-2012
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
08-01-2012

Francis Chao

"SKYPE" ADVICE

"To stop the occassional display of banner ads by the Skype program, see

http://www.cnet.com/how-to/how-to-disable-ads-in-skype/


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015


George Harding

Installing a PCie-type Controller Into a "Windows.." Computers:

You can procure and install a PCIe-type USB 3 controller card to add USB 3 ports to either a "Windows.." computer that does not have any USB 3 ports or to add more USB 3 ports to a "Windows.." computer.
However, you might have a protracted struggle to find a make and model of USB 3 controller card that works for a specific "Windows.." computer.

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB3-adapters.pdf



Detecting and Predicting Failures of "USB 3" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows.." Computers:

Unlike "USB 2", "USB 3" does not have any cable length specifications.
You can buy "USB 3" cables and "USB 3" extension cables with lengths from 6 inches up to 16 feet and it is up to you to determine if a particular "USB 3" device will work right with a specific total length of "USB 3" cable.
As you increase the total cable length between the attached "USB 3" port and a "USB 3" device, you will start incurring data errors.
At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will fail to operate reliably. At some finite distance, the "USB 3" device will not work at all.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be only 2 feet.
Sometimes the maximum cable length that you can use will be as much as 9 feet.
This means that cable lengths that exceed a total of 9 feet will only work for legacy "USB 2" devices.
This also means that longer cable lengths will cause the chipsets that power USB 3 ports and USB 3 devices will sometimes heat up because of the requirement of re-transmissions as data error rates increase. If you are having problems with a specific "USB 3" devices, you have to do some trial-and-error with different total cable lengths and different "USB 3" ports in order to resolve the problem.

You can use the free "USBTreeView" program to troubleshoot slowdowns and failures of USB 3 devices that are attached to a "Windows.." computer.
To download "USBTreeView", go to the bottom of the Web page at

http://www.uwe-sieber.de/usbtreeview_e.html

Then read the rest of the Web page for instructions on using this useful software utility.
"USBTreeView" is especially useful for detecting slowdowns in USB ports.
When you have a USB 3 device attached to a USB 3 port and the port type changes from "3.0" to "2.0", a failure of the attached USB 3 devices is imminent.
When this happens, you can "head off" the problem by gracefully ejecting the USB 3 devices.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

Workarounds For Failures of "USB 2" Devices Attached To the "USB 3" Ports of "Windows..", Mac "OS X", or Linux Computers:

See http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/USB3/USB2toUSB3problems.pdf

Despite claims to the contrary by the "USB Implementers Forum" and USB device manufacturers, there are occasional compatibility problems between USB 2 devices and USB 3 ports:
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached with USB cables longer than 5 feet in length.
The simple workaround for this annoyance is to attach USB 2 devices with USB cables that are shorter than 5 feet in length.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Some USB 2 devices will fail or become intermittent when attached to a USB 3 port, irrespective of the length of the cable that is utilized.
The simple (but somewhat costly) workaround is to attach the problematic USB 2 devices to a USB 3 hub which is then attached to a USB 3 port.


Windows 10 /
Hardware SIG meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
02-04-2015



George Harding

HARD DRIVE RELIABILITY

"HGST" hard drives are more reliable than "Western Digital" hard drives which are more reliable than "Seagate" hard drives.
For details and reliability data for specific models of hard drives, see
https://www.backblaze.com/blog/hard-drive-reliability-update-september-2014/

"HGST" is a subsidiary of "Western Digital".
"WD Technologies" and "HGST" operate as separate but wholly-owned subsidiaries of "Western Digital Corporation". For details, see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HGST


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
01-07-2015


George Harding

$200 HP Stream 11 Laptop Runs "Windows 8.1"

The ~$200 Hewlett Packard "Stream 11" notebook computer is now available through mail order at "amazon.com", "walmart.com", "bestbuy.com", etc.,

This is a very low-end "Windows 8" laptop which barely meets Microsoft's hardware requirements for the "core" edition of "Windows 8".

The details for the bluish color-schemed model can be found at
http://store.hp.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/
us/en/pdp/Laptops/hp-stream-notebook---11-d010nr-energy-star


The details for the reddish color-schemed model can be found at
http://store.hp.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/
us/en/pdp/Laptops/hp-stream-notebook---11-d020nr-energy-star


Our detailed advice on using the "Stream 11" laptop can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/HP-Stream11-using.pdf



Generic Instructions For Using a Virtual Machine in Your Existing Computer To Similate A Specific Model of "Windows.." Computer

You can similate any "less-capable" computer by running the free, time-limted versions of "Windows 7..", "Windows 8", "Windows 8.1", or the "Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview" in a free virtual machine program inside your existing "Windows..", Mac "OS X", or Linux computer.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/simulate-with-VMs.pdf




Specific Instructions For Using a Virtual Machine in Your Existing Computer To Similate A Hewlett Package "Stream 11" Laptop

You can similate a Hewlett Packard "Stream 11" laptop by running the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" in a free virtual machine program inside your existing "Windows..", Mac "OS X", or Linux computer.
See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/simulate-HP-Stream11.pdf


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-03-2014


George Harding

Using "Skype" As a "NannyCam":

If you wish to dial in remotely to look in on a live "Webcam" at your home or business:

Step 1: Get a second "Skype" account (for your child, your cat, or your dog!)

Step 2: Use this second "Skype" account to set up "Skype" to do the following:

"Answer incoming calls automatically
and
Start my video automatically when I am in a call
and
"Start Skype when I start Windows"

Step 3: Set your active "Power Options" profile so that your computer does not go into "Sleep" or "Hibernate".

Now, you can use Skype to access your live "Webcam" using a computer, tablet, or some cell phones from anywhere in the world.

See:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HaYeI_NX3po
and
http://www.instructables.com/id/Remote-Security-w-Skype/
and
http://www.amperordirect.com/pc/r-skype-voip/z-reference-skype-security.html
and
http://www.supertintin.com/blog/skype-recorder/skype-cctv-using-skype-for-your-home-surveillance
and
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-set-up-147nannycam148-surveillance-with-sky.html
and
http://nanny-cam-review.toptenreviews.com/using-skype-as-a-babysitter-camera.html


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

A Motion Detection Alarm For Free Your Computer:


The free version of "Netcam Watcher Professional" can be obtained for free at

http://www.netcam-watcher.com/downloads/


"ContaCam" can be obtained for free at

http://contaware.com/contacam.html



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and
Southwest
Technology &
Computer
Conference

on
06-29-2014
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-06-2011
and
02-03-2010


Francis Chao


Software Programs and Web-based Services
for
Optical Character Recognition (OCR)




Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
12-03-2014


George Harding

HISTORY OF TIME ZONES

(Ken's presentation files will be available here soon.)

http://www.timeanddate.com/time/time-zones-history.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_zone

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/railroads-create-the-first-time-zones

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/timezones.html


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-05-2014


Ken Sandock

RAILROAD TECHNOLOGY: OVERVIEW AND HISTORY

Presentation files in Adobe Acrobat .PDF format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3pdf

Presentation files in PowerPoint .PPT format are located at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/2014-10-01/RailroadTechnology3.ppt


Windows 10/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
10-01-2014


Ken Sandock

October 2014 Was "National Cyber Security Awareness Month":

See http://www.staysafeonline.org/ncsam/landing-page


See the "Privacy Library" at
http://www.staysafeonline.org/data-privacy-day/privacy-library

See the "Privacy Settings" advice at
http://www.staysafeonline.org/data-privacy-day/check-your-privacy-settings/

See the privacy and security advice for businesses at
http://www.staysafeonline.org/business-safe-online/




Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-03-2014


Francis Chao


Virtual Networks in Virtual Machine Programs



Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on
11-21-2011
and
Beta Virtual Conference
hosted online by APCUG
on
11-12-2011


Francis Chao

The "Boot Camp" capability of Mac "OS X" lets you dual boot between "OS X" and "Windows..".
When you select to boot up "Windows.." in a Mac, it becomes a full-fledged "Windows.." computer with the help of drivers from Apple's "Boot Camp Support Software" that you can download and install inside the "Windows.." operating system.

Our "how to" for installing the free, time-limited versions of "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1" into a "Boot Camp" partition of a Mac can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/mac/bootcamp/win-BootCamp.pdf



Microsoft is still offering free, time-limited trial copies of "Windows 8..", "Windows 8.1..", and "Windows 10.." for you to try.

This gives you a chance to test and evaluate the current versions of "Windows.." with your existing hardware and software:

The free versions of "Windows 10", "Windows 8.1", "Windows 8", and "Windows 9" give you a great free way to create a "throwaway" computer inside a clonable "virtual machine". If you then use isolate the "throwaway virtual machine" from your real, host computer and/or other computers on your local network, you then have a secure way to access the Internet.

Also, the free "Windows 8 Enterprise Evaluation" and the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" have a "Windows To Go" applet inside the "Control Panel". This means that you can make an external USB hard drive into a "Windows To Go Workspace" that can be used to non-destructively boot up any Intel- or AMD- computer that is capable of running "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1". When you use a "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive to boot up a computer, the existing internal hard drive(s) of the computer are untouched and inaccessible to the "Windows 8 Enterprise.." or "Windows 8.1 Enterprise" operating system that is running from the external hard drive.

The configuration of an "Windows To Go Workspace" external hard drive being used to non-destructively boot up an existing computer is shown at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/WTG-demo.pdf

The free, fully-functional (but time-limited) "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" is available for download at
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/evaluate-windows-8-1-enterprise

Our detailed instructions for using it can be found at
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/win8.1enteval.pdf

As of April 9, 2014, "Update 1" (=KB 2919355 for Windows 8.1) has been incorporated into the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation" when you install it either from its .ISO file or from a DVD that you have "burned" from its .ISO file.



The free, fully-functional (but time-limited) "Windows 8 Enterprise Evaluation" is still available for download at
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/evaluate-windows-8-enterprise
Our detailed instructions for using it can be found at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8/win8enteval.pdf


Meetings
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
09-27-2014
and<
04-12-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society
on
11-06-2013


Francis Chao

Transitioning Between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1":

There are important differences between "Windows XP", "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1".
To help you make your leap from one version of Windows to another, see

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/transition-XP-7-8-8.1-10.pdf




For step-by-step pictorial instructions for creating three "Taskbar toolbars" as a workaround replacement for the missing "Start Button" in "Windows 8", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8/TaskbarToolbars-StartButton.pdf




If you are still using "Windows XP" and you are about to make a leap to a more modern version of "Windows..", there are a few things that you need to know about the changes that Microsoft made for all versions of "Windows.." after "Windows XP":

For a short description of the differences between "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1", see


http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/beyondWinXP.pdf




For a more-detailed comparison between "Windows 7", "Windows 8.1", and "Windows 10", see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win10/comparison-W7-W8.1-W10.pdf

See also
YouTube Video on 02-22-2014
and
***Text Chat Log on 02-22-2014


"Computer Friends"
Club
at the
Oasis Senior Center
of
Newport Beach

on
09-10-2014
and
Windows 8.1 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

on 04-02-2014
and
Meeting
of the
Princeton PC
Users Group

on
03-25-2014
and
General Meeting
of
Komputer
Enthusiasts
of
Greater
Seattle

on
03-10-2014
and
"Virtual Technology
Conference 10
"
of
APCUG
on
02-22-2014


Francis Chao


Key support dates for "Windows 8" and Windows 8.l" can be found at

http://support.microsoft.com/gp/lifecycle-Windows81-faq:

For "Windows 8.1" computers, the mandatory date for "Update for Windows 8.1" was May 13, 2014.

For "Windows 8" computers, the mandatory date for "Update to Windows 8.1" will be on January 12, 2016.




hwinfo32 and hwinfo64

are free diagnostic programs for hardware problems in Windows. Their impressive history can be seen at
http://www.hwinfo.com/txt/History3264.txt


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-03-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014

George Harding

Scanner Compatibility with Linux:

A complete list of scanners by manufacturer and model and an evaluation of their level of compatibility with Linux can be found at
http://www.sane-project.org/sane-mfgs.html 


After installing the free "Xsane Image Scanning Program" into a "Linux Mint 17" computer. we attached an HP "Scanjet G4050" scanner using a "USB 2" cable. When we fired up the "..Xsane.." program, it instantly recognized the "..G4050.." scanner and all of its scanning capabilities worked fine.

We had similarly successful results with an Epson "Perfection 4870 Photo" scanner when we connect it to our "Linux Mint 17" computer using a "USB 2" cable. The "..4870.." also has a Firewire port: However, we have never been about to get the "..4870.." scanner working with a Linux computer when we connected it with a Firewire cable.

We have never been about to get a Canon "Canoscan 9900F" scanner working with any distro of Linux.


Future meeting
of the
Linux SIG
of the
Tucson
Computer
Society

Dennis McCormick

Removing Trialware and Unneeded Software From Your "Windows.." Computer:
See

http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/trialware/trialware.pdf

You can use the free "Revo Uninstaller Freeware", "The PC Decrapifier", and "BleachBit" programs to remove the "trialware" and other unneeded software that resides in your "Windows" computer. You can then install a free antivirus program and a free office software suite to replace the "trialware" ("nagware").


CLECAT Club
of the
OLLI
at Cal State
Fullerton

on
07-24-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014


Francis Chao

Web Browser Woes and Workarounds:

A specific Web site will work best with one browser but sometimes horribly with another.
To avoid these idiosyncracies, you have to install at lease one addtional browser into your computer:

If you have a "Windows.." computer, it comes with "Internet Explorer..". We recommend that you also install "Mozilla FireFox" and Chrome browser" into any "Windows.." coputer.

If you have a Mac "OS X" computer, it comes with "the "Safari" browser". We recommend that you also install "Mozilla FireFox" into any Mac "OS X" computer.

The following Web site locks up when you open it with "Internet Explorer 11" but works wonderfully with "Mozilla FireFox" and "Google Chrome browser":

http://triphackr.com/how-to-skype-with-your-pets-on-vacation

When a new version of "Internet Explorer.." is released, Microsoft usually makes it an optional upgrade for a while. Then, the new version of "Internet Explorer.." becomea an "important" "manadatory" update. The problem with most new versions of "Internet Explorer" is that it initially breaks lots of Web sites such as the older Adobe Flash-based parts of "YouTube" and screen.yahoo.com When a new version of "Internet Explorer.." becomes "important" and "mandatory", you are then forced to use other browsers wherein the Web sites that are temporarily broken still work well.


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
07-12-2014

Francis Chao

Continued Support for "Windows XP" (Sort Of):

Microsoft officially stopped "Extended Support" for "Windows XP" on April 8, 2014.
However, there are four exceptions. For a description to the four exceptions, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/winxp/WinXP-more-support
Despite Mirosoft's discontinuation of support, you can still install and activate "Windows XP".
After you install it, you can still use "Microsoft Update" or "Windows Update" to install any and all of Microsoft's updates that were issued on or before April 8, 2014.


CLECAT Club
of the
OLLI
at Cal State
Fullerton

on
07-24-2014
and
Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-28-2014
and
meeting
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

REMOTE DESKTOP CONNECTION:

You can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to operate your "Windows Vista", "Windows 7", "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1" computer from another computer or tablet.

The "Windows.." computer that is being controlled is usually called the "host computer" or the "remote computer".
The computer that you are using to access the "host computer" is usually called the "client computer".

"Client computer" --------------------------------> "Host computer"

o For example, if you have Hauppauge's "WinTV" software and one of their USB television tuners running in your "Windows.." computer, you can use "Remote Desktop Connection" to view "WinTV" from a Windows.. laptop, your Android tablet or your iPad.

o For a Windows laptop, desktop, or tablet, you can start "Remote Desktop Connecton" by running mstsc.exe from inside a "Windows Explorer" window, a "File Explorer" window, or an elevated command prompt window.

o For an iPad or iPhone, you can download and install Microsoft's free "Microsoft Remote Desktop" software from the Apple Store app.

o For an Android tablet or phone, you can download and Microsoft's free "Remote Desktop Connection" from the "Play Store"

o For a Mac OS X computer, you can download and install the free "Microsoft Remote Desktop Connection Client for Mac" software from the Apple Store applet.


Future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR YOUR "WINDOWS.." COMPUTER:
A COMPARISON OF SLEEP, HYBRID SLEEP, AND HIBERNATE:


See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/energy-mgt/energy-mgt-Wiin.pdf

In addition to helping you control the amount of electricity that your "Windows.." computer uses, the energy management features in your "Windows.." computer let you do partial powerdowns of your computer so that you can re-start exactly where you left off in your open and minimized Web browser windows and in all open and minimized windows of your software programs. These energy management features can dramatically reduce the delays that are caused by multi-tasking between your computer and non-computer activities.


Future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-02-2014


Francis Chao

FREE SOFTWARE FOR MAKING BACKUP IMAGES AND DOING "BARE METAL RESTORES" FOR FOR THE WINDOWS C: HARD DRIVE:

Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability (Part of the Windows.. operating systems since "Windows 7..") is called "recimg.exe". It is located in the System32 folder inside the Windows folder. To restore a failed hard drive, you would restore using a Windows installation disc OR one of the free installation DVDs for a free evaluation copy of "Windows.."..
Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability works real well in "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1".
However, Windows' bundled hard drive imaging capability is "deprecated" : It will not be part of "Windows 9").

"ReDo Backup" (Runs from a bootable Linux LiveCD for both backup and recovery. Backs up both "Windows.." and Linux computers. No updates since 2012.
Works real well for "Windows XP" and "Windows Vista".)

and

"Clonezilla" runs from a bootable Linux LiveCD for both backup and recovery. Can back up and restore most "Windows..", Linux, or Mac "OS X" computers. A bit tricky for backing up and restoring Mac "OS X" computers.
Works real well for "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", and "Windows 7".

The above three software "programs" for backing up hard drives do not have the restrictive "End User License Agreements" ("EULAs") that most of the other free software programs have. In addition to private, in-home, these free software programs can be used in your business, government entity, religious organization, or non-profit organization.


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-04-2014


Francis Chao


Using "Clonezilla" To Back Up The C: Hard Drive of A "Windows.." Computer

Using "Clonezilla" To Restore The C: Hard Drive of A "Windows.." Computer


Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
06-28-2014
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES



USING MICROSOFT SOFTWARE TRIALS FOR FREE:

Microsoft offers you free, time-limited virtual machines of all of their "Windows.." desktop operating systems from "Windows XP" to "Windows 8.1"for you to download at
http://modern.ie



A LONG-TERM PROJECT FOR INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES TO SAVE YOURSELF AND/OR YOUR ORGANIZATION MONEY, SPACE, AND TIME



A Comparison of Free "Virtual Machine Programs" For "Windows.." Host Computers:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/comparison-vm-programs.pdf



Using Virtual Machines (VMs) For Secure Public Internet Access




Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router At Your Home or Business:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)



Our detailed notes and advice about virtual machines can be found at

https://app.box.com/s/x995kk1rbgv5cxrj3o3v

We have information about the following topics:
"VMware Player", "Oracle VM VirtualBox", "Hyper-V", "Windows Virtual PC", "Microsoft Virtual PC 2007", Virtual Networks Provided by Virtual Machine Programs, Physical to Virtual (p2v), Virtual to Virtual (v2v), Firewire Devices, Printservers, etc.


General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
06-24-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013


Francis Chao

Running "Android" Inside A Virtual Machine To Similate an "Android" Phone or Tablet:

Running "Android" For Free In A Virtual Machine
In "Oracle VM VirtualBox"
in a "Windows" Computer


Running "Android" For Free
In A Virtual Machine
In "VMware Player"
in a "Windows" Computer


Running "Android"
In A Virtual Machine
In The Not-Free "Parallels Desktop"
in a Mac "OS X" Computer



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

Francis Chao

Removing "Trialware" and Unneeded Software from Your "Windows.." Computer


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Starting on April 28, 2014, the "Group Calling" feature of "Skype" is now free:
This means that even if you have a free Skype account, instead of a "Premium" Skype account, you can call up to 9 other Skype users at the same time.
Prior to this date, only "Premium" paid accounts permitted to do "Group Calling".
See
http://blogs.skype.com/2014/04/28/skype-loves-bringing-groups-together-with-free-group-video-calling/



"Skype" Basics:

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/Skype/Skype-basics.pdf



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-04-2014

Francis Chao


Peer-To-Peer WiFi Networking:

If you add an additional WiFi adapter to your "Windows.." computer,
you can use it to perform three functions:
Attaching a wireless printer
and/or
sharing an Internet connection
and/or
sharing files between computers.

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WiFi-peer-to-peer/peer-to-peer-win.pdf



Using "wireless Hosted Network" in "Windows 7", "Windows 8", or "Windows 8.1":

If you already have at least one physical WiFi adapter inside your "Windows 7", "Windows 8", or "Windows 8.1" feature, you can use the bundled "wireless Hosted Network" feature to create a additional but virtual WiFi adapter in your computer. This virtual WiFi adapter can be used for sharing files with other WiFi-enabled computers. tablets, and cell phones. This virtual WiFi adapter can also be used for connecting to a WiFi-capable printer. Finally, you can use this virtual WiFi adapter to create an additional "Wireless Access Point" to extend the range of your existing wireless network.

See
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/WiFi-peer-to-peer/wirelessHostedNetwork.pdf



Future meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao

Troubleshooting Printer Problems

Issues and Workarounds for Setting Up Printers


.WMA Video
of the on-site presentation
to the "Windows Users Computer Group"
of Irvine, California on April 12, 2014

Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-12-2014
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-02-2013


Francis Chao


Resolving VGA Port Problems in "Windows.." Computers

Installing a USB to VGA Adapter For Your "Windows.." Computer





Our anecdotal account of our struggles to use various models of "USB 3-to-VGA" adapters to resolve problems with the uncooperative VGA port on an HP laptop can be found at
www.aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/VGAport/VGAport-struggles.pdf

Meeting
of the
WINdows usERS Computer User Group
of
Irvine,
California
on
04-12-2014
and
future meeting
of the
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society


Francis Chao

Making "Windows To Go" Bootable USB Flash Drives and Bootable USB External Hard Disk Drives
for Non-Destructively Booting Up Computers with "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation":


For USB 2 or USB 3 external hard drives, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that emulate a hard drive, use the "Windows To Go" icon inside the "Control Panel" of a real or virtual computer that is running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of "Windows 8 Enterprise Evaluation".

For USB 3 flash drive devices that do NOT emulate a hard drive and for USB 2 flash drive devices, do the following from inside a computer that is running any version of "Windows 7", or "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1":
Run the diskpart, imagex.exe, and bcdboot commands, as described in

http://arstechnica.com/business/2012/03/ordering-windows-to
-go-how-to-create-a-bootable-windows-8-usb-thumb-drive/

or
http://tweaks.com/windows/52279/how-to-create-a-windows-to-go-usb-drive/
or
http://www.aidanfinn.com/?p=12119

Warning: "Windows To Go" will run much slower in USB 2 flash drives and USB 2 external hard disk drives
compared to USB 3 flash drives and USB 3 external hard disk drives.

Warning: When running "Windows To Go" with "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation", you CANNOT remove the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive while the computer is powered on:
Wait until the computer is totally powered off before pulling out the USB flash drive or USB external hard drive.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
11-06-2013


George Harding

Market Share of Web Browsers

Market Share of Desktop Operating Systems

Market Share of Search Engines


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

George Harding

Virtual DVD/CD Drive Inside Your "Windows XP" or "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7" Computer:

USING THE FREE "VIRTUAL CLONEDRIVE" SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR "MOUNTING" .ISO FILE IMAGES OF DVDs AND CDs

"Virtual Clonedrive" is not needed in "Windows 8" or "Windows 8.1": For these two new-fangled versions of "Windows..", use your left mouse button to double-click on an .ISO file or a .BIN file to mount it as a virtual CD or DVD inside "File Explorer".

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX



Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
10-02-2013

George Harding

Introduction to "Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1"

A Comparison Between "Windows 7", "Windows 8", and "Windows 8.1"




Making the Legacy Desktop of "Windows 8.1" Easier to Use

Making the Legacy Desktop of "Windows 8" Easier to Use




"Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1" Training for Free



Our free
Windows 8 and 8.1 Care Package
contains useful shortcuts and hacks that make "Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1" easier to use.





Workaround Fix For Broken "Fax" Feature in "Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1":

The bundled "Windows Fax" feature is broken in "Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1":
When you try to send a fax to a fax machine though a dial-up data/fax modem, the fax process will fail during the transmission of the first page.
You can fix this problem by following the step-by-step instructions at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/fax-fix-win8.1.pdf

Technical Summary of the fax problem in "Windows 8.1":
After you install or upgrade to "Windows 8.1" (or the free "Windows 8.1 Preview" or the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Preview" or the free "Windows 8.1 Enterprise Evaluation), you will be unable to send and receive faxes with "Microsoft Windows Fax and Scan" because the FXST30.dll file that comes with "Windows 8.1" is inoperative. You can repair the problem by replacing it with the FXST30.dll file from "Windows 7" but you have to "take ownership" and get "Full Control" of the defective FXST30.dll file, prior to deleting it. Only then can you replace it with a working FXST30.dll file.


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
09-10-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013


Francis Chao

Transitioning To "Windows 8" and "Windows 8.1"

Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

Francis Chao

Temporary Workarounds For Accessing Inaccessible Web Sites
With A Web Browser:


Sometimes you can use free or not-free Virtual Private Network (VPN) services
to tunnel around your broadband Internet provider's router throttling, blockages and slowdowns.
Here in Tucson, Arizona, when our Comcast Cable broadband has slowdowns
in their Pima, Arizona router node,
we have a 70 percent chance of restoring our download and upload speeds
by using the free version of
"Hotspot Shield" to tunnel past this occasionally-problematic router node.

Sometimes when a Website is inaccessible with a Web browser,
we can temporarily access it using the Web site's IP address
instead of its regular URL address, as described in our "how-to" document entitled
Workarounds For Temporary DNS Failures On The World Wide Web.


Windows 8.1 /
Hardware SIG
on
09-04-2013

George Harding

Email Basics



Using The Free "Izymail" Service
To Download and Upload Email Messages
From Your Free "Yahoo Mail" Account
Into Your Email Client Software Program





Email Options in "Windows 8.."


General Meeting
of the
Los Angeles
Computer Society

on
08-13-2013
and
General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Free Software and Free Online Storage Space


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
08-07-2013
and
Virtual Technology Conference 8
of
APCUG
on
08-03-2013
and
General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

Francis Chao


If your flatbed or sheet-fed scanner does not work in Windows 8,
you might be able to get it working
by disabling the "Windows Image Acquisition" service and process temporarily



General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013


George Harding

For most "Windows 8" computer users, the free "VLC Media Player" is a great alternative to buying "Windows Media Center" (which is now a separate not-free add-on for the "Windows 8 Pro" edition of "Windows 8"). To download and install VLC Media Player, use your Web browser to go to
http://www.videolan.org/vlc/index.html

A detailed description of most of the features of "VLC Media Player" can be found at
http://www.videolan.org/vlc/features.html

To play Blu-Ray Discs in "VLC Media Player", you have to add a few drivers as described in great detail at
http://forum.notebookreview.com/windows-os-software/699817-playing-blu-ray-discs-windows-8-using-vlc-media-player.html

"VLC Media Player" can play the .FLV Flash Video files that you can download from YouTube using various third-party software techniques.

The only feature that "VLC Media Player" is missing is the ability to provide "Television Inside PC" with a USB, PCI, or PCIe television tuner. Maybe they will add in this feature in the future.

Warning: Please stay away from the many malicious Web sites that offer malware-infected, adulterated editions of "VLC Media Player". See
http://cleanbytes.net/the-fake-vlc-media-player-and-serious-business
and
http://news.techeye.net/software/malware-makers-hitting-open-source-projects



General Meeting
on
06-17-2013
and
Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

George Harding

Tucson Area Police and Fire Scanners

http://tucson.com/online/multimedia/tucson-com-radio-scanners/html_82940c5a-03df-11df-8899-001cc4c03286.html

https://www.broadcastify.com/listen/mid/68

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/pima-county-arizona-tucson-police-ems-scanner-feed/

http://www.policescannerfeeds.net/




Police-scanner sites see surge in traffic after Boston

Will the Boston Bombings Kill the Public Police Scanner?

Why are police scanners open to the public?


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013

George Harding

Mirroring Hard Drives in Real Time with Software

Full Path Name Limits in Windows, Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
06-05-2013


George Harding

Internet Connection Sharing in a "Ubuntu" 13.04 or 12.10 Computer



General Meeting
of the
Vistoso
Computer
Society

on
05-13-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-05-2013
and
Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013
and
Virtual Conference
of the
Association
of PC
User Groups
(APCUG)

on
02-02-2013


Francis Chao

Virtual Fax Machine inside Your Computer:

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM MAC "OS X"

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

FAX TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."



GPS Receiver Inside Your Computer:

GPS RECEPTION FROM "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

GPS RECEPTION FROM "WINDOWS.."



Karaoke Machines Inside Your Computer:

NON-PROFESSIONAL KARAOKE FILE FORMATS: kar and midi / mid

LEGAL ISSUES AND GUIDELINES FOR KARAOKE

KARAOKE FOR MAC "OS X"

KARAOKE FOR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 1

KARAOKE FOR "WINDOWS.."-PART 2



Super Secure Web Surfing with a Virtual Machine and a DMZ Router:

SECURE WEB ACCESS WITH A "VMWARE" VIRTUAL MACHINE AND A TWO-ROUTER "DE-MILITARIZED ZONE" (DMZ)


Television inside Your Computer:

TV INSIDE YOUR "WINDOWS.." PC OR "OS X" MAC

TV INSIDE YOUR "UBUNTU" GNU/LINUX COMPUTER


Virtual DVD/CD Drive Inside Your "Windows.." Computer:

USING THE FREE "VIRTUAL CLONEDRIVE" SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR "MOUNTING" .ISO FILE IMAGES OF DVDs AND CDs


Virtual Machines Inside Your Computer:

INSTALLING AND USING VIRTUAL MACHINES

USING MICROSOFT SOFTWARE TRIALS FOR FREE



Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-01-2013
and
Computer
Technology
Conference

on
04-04-2013

Francis Chao

Removing "Trialware" and Unneeded Software from Your "Windows.." Computer


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Making "LibreOffice" Default to the .doc, .xls, and .ppt File Formats of "Microsoft Office.."


Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013


Francis Chao

Secure Web Access Using a Two-Router Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and a VMware Virtual Machine

Windows 8 /
Hardware SIG
on
03-06-2013
Francis Chao

Fix for the Adobe Flash Player (Browser Add-on)

This fix is sometimes needed to make Web-based flash videos stream reliably in "Internet Explorer 9" in "Windows 7.." or Desktop "Internet Explorer 10" in "Windows 8..".


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
03-06-2013

George Harding

Free Online Training for "Windows.." Computers:

Hundreds of hours of free training and technical advice can be obtained online
with an Internet-connected "Windows" computer. The online training is almost as
good as training in a traditional classroom setting. Most computer users get the
best training experience by combining instructor-led classroom training and
online self-directed training since the two modes of training reinforce each other.
In addition to accessing our categorized folders of training hyperlinks
at
https://www.box.com/shared/ff0p9m41h0



Joint Meeting of the
Potomac Area
Technology
and
Computer
Society

and the
Osher
Lifelong
Learning
Institute
Computer
User Group

on
01-19-2013


Francis Chao

Removing Picasa's stubborn "database" of albums, name tags, and collages:

http://sparrowflights.blogspot.com/2010/12/how-to-reset-picasa.html

http://support.google.com/picasa/answer/21666/?hl=en&


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
01-02-2013

George Harding

Make "Windows 8.1" or "Windows 8" or "Windows 7" or "Windows Vista" Log On Automatically

How to Configure "Windows XP" to Log You in Automatically



Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
01-02-2013

Myron Dungey

Accessibility in "Windows 8..":
Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
12-05-2012

Francis Chao

Color of file and folder names in "Windows Explorer" or "File Explorer":

Green font means encrypted by "Encrypting File System" (which is a function of the NTFS file system for some editions of "Windows..")
and
blue font means compressed by the NTFS file system.


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
12-05-2012

Ken Sandock


Installing a Virtual Machine Program Into Your "Windows.." Computer

Brookdale
Computer
User Group

on
12-01-2012
and
SouthEastern
Michigan
Computer
Organization

(SEMCO)
on
05-13-2012


Francis Chao

Using "Encrypting File System" (EFS) to Protect Data Files and Folders in a "Windows.." Computer

Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-03-2012
George Harding

Service Manual for Optoma EW1610 Projector

Name Plate of the Optoma EW1610 Projector


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-05-2012


George Harding

Some useful printable paper rulers can be found at
http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers

In order to print an accurate ruler, you have to select the "Actual Size" radio button in the "Print" dialog box BEFORE clicking on the "Print" button.

Step-by-step instructions for downloading and printing "printable rulers".


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-05-2012


George Harding

"Acronis True Image 2014", "Acronis True Image 2013, "Acronis True Image Home 2012", "Acronis True Image 2013", and, "Acronis True Image 2014" all have "Digital Rights Management" to protect Acronis' intellectual property rights and to make it harder for you to use and to make them more money!



Two free versions of "Acronis.." have been available for about 9 years and they are now better than ever!

See our "how to" article on
How To use the Two Free Versions of Acronis True Image Home

The free DiscWizard software program can be used with Seagate and Maxtor hard drives
and the free Acronis True Image WD Edition can be used with Western Digital hard drives.





See our "how to" article on
Using the Acronis Plus Pack

All of our attempts to use "Acronis True Image 2012" with the "Acronis True Image 2012 Plus Pack" to "restore to dissimilar hardware" (i.e. to a larger hard drive) resulted in corrupted copies of "Windows 7..".

However, we were able to repair "Windows 7.." by doing a Repair Install with a "Windows.." installation media DVD.
In other words, we successfully moved "Windows 7.." from an older hard drive to a larger, new hard drive by using the "Acronis True Image Home 2012 Plus Pack" to do a "Restore to Dissimilar Hardware" followed by a non-destructive "Repair Install" with a "Windows 7.." installation media DVD!

See also
Doing a Non-destructive Re-installation of "Windows 7" to Fix a Malfunctioning "Windows 7" Computer



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-05-2012


George Harding

Conventional ("Server Message Blocks") file sharing between Windows computers AND between Windows computers and Mac or Linux computers can be frustratingly slow and unreliable.
For information on a super reliable, "brute force" way to share files between Windows computers and between Windows computers and Linux computers, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/FileSharing.pdf
and
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/FileSharing/FileSharingnotes.pdf

Most of this how-to document is about what you have to do from inside the Windows computer(s).
"Appendix 2" (page 32) tells you what you have to do inside Linux computer(s).


Linux
SIG Meeting
on
06-24-2012

Dennis McCormick


Using UNetbootin to Make a Bootable USB Flash Drive/Device
To Try Out Various Distros Of GNU/Linux





Linux
SIG Meeting
on
06-24-2012

George Harding


The USB Implementers Forum's technical standards for USB 2 "B" plugs specify a 12-mm conductive surface.
See http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/ecn1.pdf

However, many of the USB plugs on cheap cables are as short as 5 mm. This can cause you problems.




For some free printable rulers, see http://www.vendian.org/mncharity/dir3/paper_rulers/

(Do not set your printer for "fit to page" prior to printing these rulers!)



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
06-06-2012

George Harding

"FireFox" has extensions for managing other extensions!
To configure "FireFox" extensions so they can be used by multiple (Windows) users, install and use the
"MR Tech Toolkit".

See https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/mr-tech-toolkit/
and
http://kb.mozillazine.org/Installing_extensions.



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012


George Harding

Why You Don't Need Your Anti-Virus Program to Scan Your E-mail
Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Ken Blake

Freeware virtual stopwatch that you can download and install into your computer:

"PC Chrono" at http://www.highspheres.com/products/pc_chrono/



Online, Web-based stopwatches:

http://www.online-stopwatch.com/



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Paul Scott

Web surfing in a virtual machine can be more secure than Web surfing in a "sandbox" enviroment.
See
Comparing Hardware Virtualization and Application Sandboxes



Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
05-02-2012

Paul Scott

Overview and Live Demo of "Windows Fax" and Virtual Machines

Using "Windows Fax"

Technical Details for Windows Fax

Using Virtual Machines to Get More Out of Your Computer


Broward Personal Computer Association
(BPCA)
on
04-26-2012

Francis Chao


Using "Virtual Machines" to Get More Out of Your Computer



General Meeting
of the
Western
New York
Computer
Society

on
02-28-2012


Francis Chao

Using Virtualization of Hardware to Save Money, Space, and Time:

HTML recording in Zip format (43 Megabytes)

Using the Free "Virtual CloneDrive" Software Program

Using "Windows Fax"

Using "Windows Media Center" or "WinTV" Instead of a Real TV Set

Using Windows' "Network Bridge"

Using Windows' "Internet Connection Sharing"

Using Virtual Machines to Get More Out of Your Computer


APCUG 2nd
Virtual
Conference
on
02-25-2012

Francis Chao

Good Ideas and Advice from Other Computer User Groups:

PC Self-Help & Other Stuff from Jim McKnight of the Los Angeles Computer Society


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
01-04-2012


Dick Reaser

Extended Support End Dates for all of Microsoft's "Windows.." versions can be found at
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/lifecycle#section_1



Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy


Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
01-04-2012

Francis Chao

Using Legacy Fax Machines, Fax Modems, and Credit Card Machines on "Voice Over IP"(VOIP) Phone Lines

Analog Telephone Adapter for Attaching Legacy Telephone to a VOIP Phone Line


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG on
01-04-2012

Robert Thompson

With "Windows 7.." you get a bundled applet called "Windows Fax and Scan". The fax function within this applet is a virtual fax machine that you can use to send and receive faxes using an (real) analog modem that is connected to a landline telephone line. This allows you to avoid the cost of maintaining a real fax machine and its corresponding costs for paper and ink or toner cartridges. Step-by-step instructions for using the fax function of "Windows Fax and Scan" are available at http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/windowsfax/windowsfax.htm

By using your own computer, fax modem, and phone line to send and receive faxes, you are guaranteed that any information that you send or receive remains confidential. However, the use of Microsoft's "virtual fax machine" is more work for you than using the free Web-based services in the following section:



If you do not have a fax modem or you want to send faxes with less work than needed for Microsoft's "virtual fax machine", you can fax for free from any Web browser by using the following "Software as a Service" applications:
http://faxzero.com

or
http://www.myfax.com/free/

See http://websearch.about.com/od/usefulsite1/tp/free-fax-online.htm for more free fax options.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
01-04-2012

Robert Thompson

"Using Windows 7"

"Aero Troubleshooting for Windows 7"


Windows 8 / Hardware SIG on
01-04-2012


Robert Thompson


"Windows 7" Upgrade Step-By-Step


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG on
01-04-2012


Robert Thompson


When sharing files and printers between "Windows 7" and earlier versions of Windows, you cannot use "Homegroup". Here is how you can do it:
"Sharing Files and Printers Between "Windows 7", "Windows Vista", and "Windows XP"


Windows 8/
Hardware SIG
on
01-04-2011


George Harding


Using Your "My Pictures" Folder in "Windows 7" or "Windows 8"




Windows 8 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
11-02-2011


Francis Chao

Opening a Mystery File

Windows 8/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-05-2011

Paul Scott

"Windows 7" attempts to trick you into forming a "HomeGroup", even when you do not need or want one!

Windows 8/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
10-05-2011

Paul Scott

You can use the free Recuva software utility to recover recently-deleted files/folders from a hard drive or a USB flash drive.
You can also use "Recuva.." to determine whether a wipe with "cipher /w" was successful in removing deleted files from a hard drive.

You can use the
cipher /w:C:
command-line command to remove deleted files permanently so that software such as the free Recuva software utility cannot be used to "undelete" files/folders that you have deleted.

To wipe deleted files from a drive other than C:, substitute the actual drive letter that you wish to scan:
For example, to scan the M: drive, type in
cipher /w:m:

Please note that above-mentioned "9 Windows Treasures.." article erroneously tells you to type in
cipher /w:c
Since "c" is not a valid path designation in Windows.., "cipher /w:c" is seen by "Windows.." as "cipher /w:c:" which then defaults to wiping free space in the C: drive.
However, when Francis ran "cipher /w:f" in an attempt to wipe a USB flash drive, the result was that his internal C: hard drive was wiped.
When he ran "ciper /w:f:", his USB flash drive was wiped.
Apparently, the colon (:) is necessary if you want to wipe any drive other than C:

For step-by-step directions on using "cipher /w" and "Recuva" to wipe the data in the free space of a hard drive or a USB flash drive, see
http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/harddrives/wipe-free-space/cipherw.pdf



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
09-07-2011


George Harding

An Empirical Comparison of Internet speeds for Various Wired and Wireless Network Adapters


Windows 7 /
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-07-2011

Paul Scott

You can find all available broadband Internet services at an specific United States address at http://broadbandmap.gov



You can use the "AntennaWeb" Web site to create a list of television stations that can be received over-the-air from any specific address/location in the United States. For each television station transmitter that you have "line-of-sight", "AntennaWeb" provides you with information on the type of antenna that you need to use. "AntennaWeb" is a free service that is provided by the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB). By combining "off-the-air" television reception with various streaming Web sites such as "Hulu"and "boxee.tv", you might be able stop paying for cable television service.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
09-07-2011

George Harding

Getting a Powerpoint Slide Show .PPS File to Open in OpenOffice.org's "Impress" Program

Windows 7/
Hardware
SIG Meeting
on
09-07-2011

Paul Scott

List of Device Bit Rates

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
08-03-2011
Ken Sandock

Please download and try out the Keyboard Tester which is a Windows software program that TCS member Tom Warburton has developed.


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
07-06-2011


Tom Warburton

Two Kinds of Internet Shortcuts in "Internet Explorer 9"--
.URL "Internet Shortcut" Files and .WEBSITE "Pinned Site Shortcuts"



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
07-06-2011


Myron Dungey

There are three ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Netzero Free":

Option 1: Go to http://www.netzero.net/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Netzero at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Netzero CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Netzero CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Netzero" account.

Option 3: Or go to any "Best Buy" store and ask for a free "Netzero CD". They are usually hanging in the computer accessories section of the store. They sometimes run out but all "Best Buy" stores get shipments of the free "Netzero CD" on a regular basis.


Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

There are two ways for you to get (slow) dial-up Internet access for free with a service called "Juno":

Option 1: Go to http://www.juno.com/start/landing.do?page=www/free/index
from a computer at a public library or a friend's house where they have an active Internet connection. At this Web site, you can sign up for a free "Netzero" account and then you can download the "Netzero" software to a "USB flash drive" or a CD disc. Then install this "Netzero" software into your home computer and you will have 10 hours of free dialup Internet access for each calendar month.

Option 2: Phone Juno at 1-888-349-0029 to ask them to mail you a free "Juno CD" by means of "snail mail". When this "Juno CD" arrives, insert it into the DVD/CD drive of your home computer. Follow the on-screen instructions to sign up for a free "Juno" account.



Windows 7 /
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Use the free bcTester software program
and/or the
bcWebCam software program to "read" "QR Codes".

To create "QR Codes", use the Web-based online service at
http://qrcode.kaywa.com/
or
http://www.mobile-barcodes.com/qr-code-generator/

To learn more about "QR Codes", see
http://techie-buzz.com/softwares/read-qr-codes-on-pc.html
and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
on
05-04-2011

George Harding

Circle.gif is a file for checking the aspect ratio for a computer monitor.


"LillyPond" music notation and "engraving" software was recommended by Board
member Paul Scott.

"MuseScore" music notation software was recommended by Board member Paul
Scott.


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


George Harding

Some presentations about Linux:

http://ingles.homeunix.net/presos/linux-ancient/index.html
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/9747-Introduction-to-Linux
and
http://www.wiziq.com/tutorial/77207-Introduction-to-Linux-Operating-System


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
03-21-2011


Paul Scott

Testing the Internet Connection of a "Windows" Computer
(using File Transfer Protocol so that you do not have to use a Web browser)



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-02-2011


George Harding

Free and Low-Cost Training for Digital Photography

Digital Imaging SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-24-2011


Carter Harrison

Setting the Root Password in Ubuntu


Linux SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
01-23-2011


Paul Scott

The different versions of "Windows.." ("XP", "Vista", and "7") handle user's "My Documents" folders differently, with "Windows 7" using the most complex scheme:
In "Windows 7", a user's "My Documents" folder is displayed in "Windows Explorer" as a "My Documents" folder. However, the real name of this folder is "Documents" and "Documents" is shown in path designations both in the Properties boxes that Windows displays to the user. Whenever the user is asked to type in a "path" location, he/she must use "Documents" instead of "My Documents".

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Documents


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

Copying Files/Folders from a Data CD or DVD to a USB "Thumb Drive"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010

George Harding

Using GIMP to Edit an Object Inside a Photo

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-03-2010
George Harding

If you do not like the "Ribbon Bar" of "Microsoft Office 2007" and "Microsoft Office 2010", you can put the classic menus (Menu bar+Standard toolbar+Formatting toolbar) back in with one of these two free software utilities:

"UBitMenu" or "Classic Menu for Office..Starter"
f

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010


Earl Newkirk

If you are running "Windows 7" as your operating system, you can create a system repair disk now, and add it to your collection of "just in case" tools.

If you are running "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", the original installation disk (that Microsoft provided) can be used as a "system repair disk".
Both the "full version" and "upgrade version" installation disks (from Microsoft) of Windows Vista" are bootable and can function as a "system repair disk".

For instructions on using the "System Recovery Options" of "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7", see
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/
What-happened-to-the-Recovery-Console

and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/
Startup-Repair-frequently-asked-questions

You can run the
bootrec /fixmbr
command from the "command prompt" to fix/replace the Master Boot Record(MBR) in "Windows Vista" or "Windows 7". This command can restore the "Windows Boot Manager" after the Linux partitions are removed and the "Grub" or "Grub 2" boot manager of Linux is no longer functional.
Additional command line repairs for the "Windows Boot Manager" are: bootrec /scanOS
bootrec /fixboot
bootrec /rebuildbcd
and
chkdsk
See http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927392
and
http://www.sevenforums.com/installation-setup/
92149-re-install-windows-7-boot-manager.html

for details.



If you are running "Windows XP", only the installation disk of the "full version" of "Windows XP" can function as a "system repair disk". The installation disk of the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" cannot be used to boot up a computer.
If the computer is already booted up, the "upgrade version" of "Windows XP" can be used as a system repair disk.
The following commands can be used to repair the "ntldr" boot manager of "Windows XP":
fixmbr
fixboot
bootcfg /rebuild
chkdsk
For additional instructions on using the "Windows XP Recovery Console", see:
http://www.simplyguides.net/guides/recovery_console/recovery_console.shtml
and
http://tech.icrontic.com/articles/repair_windows_xp/
and
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307654



Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
10-06-2010

George Harding

Adding Hard Drives

Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
07-07-2010

George Harding

Databases at the Pima County Public Library (PDF)


General Meeting
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
05-17-2010


Paul Scott

To change the default operating system for any Linux distro that uses "Grub 2" (such as Ubuntu 9.10), you can download, install, and use the "StartUp-Manager" application. See
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/StartUpManager


Linux SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
02-28-2010


Dennis McCormick

Ctrl+Shift+Esc gets you to the "Windows Task Manager" faster than Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Another quick way to get to the "Windows Task Manager" is to perform a right click on gray space anywhere on the Windows "Task Bar" and then select "Start Task Manager" from the pop-up utility menu. All of these ways for getting to the "Windows Task Manager" work for "Windows XP", "Windows Vista", and "Windows 7"


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-04-2009


George Harding

Speeding Up a Dial-Up Connection


Windows 7/
Hardware SIG
of the
Tucson Computer Society
on
11-04-2009


George Harding

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